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STATUS OF THE XENARTHRAS IN URUGUAY

STATUS OF THE XENARTHRAS IN URUGUAY

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Published by Alejandro
Fallabrino Alejandro Hernández Daniel, Andrade Maria Jose, Castro Jessica, Coitiño Hugo, Cosse Mariana,
Arevalo Ana Paula & Montenegro Felipe
Antitrafico Neotropical Uruguay. D. Murillo 6334. 11500. Montevideo. Uruguay; afalla7@gmail.com
A total of five species of Xenarthra inhabits in Uruguay: the southern lesser long-nosed armadillo (Dasypus hybridus), the ninebanded
armadillo (Dasypus novemcinctus), the greater naked-tailed armadillo (Cabassous tatouay), the six banded armadillo
(Euphractus sexcinctus) and the southern tamandua (Tamandua tetradactyla). Most of these species are considered common in
Uruguay since they are distributed throughout the country. However, the greater naked-tailed armadillo and the southern tamandua
are rare species whose southermost distribution limit is in Uruguay. There are some records of these species in the north-east of the
country (Rivera, Tacuarembó, Cerro Largo, Treinta y Tres and Lavalleja) limiting with Brazil. There is a lack of knowledge about the
current status of the Xenarthras in Uruguay. However some potential threatens had been identified in our work. One of the most
important threaten that we identified is the habitat loss as a result of thousand of grasslands hectares that had been converted into
exotic tree plantations. In addition, illegal hunting and road kills are other important threatens that could be affecting Xenarthras
populations in Uruguay. Finally, the lack of control from governmental agencies contributes negatively to their conservation. It is of
paramount importance the development of long-term researches to determine aspects of their biology, ecology, population dynamics
and distribution that contributes to elucidate the actual conservation status of these species in the country. The scientific research
should be developed together with education programs in rural and urban areas and in education centers of all levels. Education
programs would enhance the concern of the native fauna by the general public, improving the conservation of Xenarthras in Uruguay.
Fallabrino Alejandro Hernández Daniel, Andrade Maria Jose, Castro Jessica, Coitiño Hugo, Cosse Mariana,
Arevalo Ana Paula & Montenegro Felipe
Antitrafico Neotropical Uruguay. D. Murillo 6334. 11500. Montevideo. Uruguay; afalla7@gmail.com
A total of five species of Xenarthra inhabits in Uruguay: the southern lesser long-nosed armadillo (Dasypus hybridus), the ninebanded
armadillo (Dasypus novemcinctus), the greater naked-tailed armadillo (Cabassous tatouay), the six banded armadillo
(Euphractus sexcinctus) and the southern tamandua (Tamandua tetradactyla). Most of these species are considered common in
Uruguay since they are distributed throughout the country. However, the greater naked-tailed armadillo and the southern tamandua
are rare species whose southermost distribution limit is in Uruguay. There are some records of these species in the north-east of the
country (Rivera, Tacuarembó, Cerro Largo, Treinta y Tres and Lavalleja) limiting with Brazil. There is a lack of knowledge about the
current status of the Xenarthras in Uruguay. However some potential threatens had been identified in our work. One of the most
important threaten that we identified is the habitat loss as a result of thousand of grasslands hectares that had been converted into
exotic tree plantations. In addition, illegal hunting and road kills are other important threatens that could be affecting Xenarthras
populations in Uruguay. Finally, the lack of control from governmental agencies contributes negatively to their conservation. It is of
paramount importance the development of long-term researches to determine aspects of their biology, ecology, population dynamics
and distribution that contributes to elucidate the actual conservation status of these species in the country. The scientific research
should be developed together with education programs in rural and urban areas and in education centers of all levels. Education
programs would enhance the concern of the native fauna by the general public, improving the conservation of Xenarthras in Uruguay.

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Alejandro on Aug 20, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/12/2014

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