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6898169 Dialectical Materialism

6898169 Dialectical Materialism

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Published by: Andrés Felipe Peláez on Aug 20, 2010
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12/04/2013

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Alexander Spirkin
Dialectical Materialism
First Published
: © 1983 by Progress Publishers;
Transcribed
Table of Contents
Introduction3 Chapter 1.Philosophy As A World-View And A Methodology6 
1.What Is Philosophy?6  2.Philosophy as a World-View15  3.Philosophy as Methodology26  4.Philosophy and Science33  5.Philosophy and Art41 
Chapter 2.The System of Categories in Philosophical Thought48 
1.The Categories of Dialectics48  2.Matter as the Substance of Everything That Exists50  3.The Motion of Matter59  4.Space and Time62  5.The Principle of Universal Connection and Development66  6.The Principle of Causality707.System and Structure79  8.Essence and Phenomenon86  9.Quality and Quantity107  10.Negation and Continuity113  11.Contradiction and Harmony118 
Chapter 3.Consciousness of the World and the World of Consciousness125
1.The General Concept of Consciousness and Mental Activity125 
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2.The Material and the Spiritual139  3.Consciousness and Language148 
Chapter 4.The Theory of Knowledge and Creativity159 
1.General Concept of Cognition159  2.Cognition and Practice1663.What Is Truth?172  4.The Sensuous Image of the World180  5.Thought182 
Chapter 5.On the Human Being and Being Human207 
1.What Is a Human Being?2072.The Human as the Biosocial2093.Man in the Realm of Nature2144.Man and Society2205.Man as a Personality2256.Man the Doer2407.Destiny, Freedom and Responsibility2528.Man and culture267
Appendix A.Request to Readers287  Appendix B.Front Matter287Colophon289
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Introduction
This book is a consideration of the essence of Marxist-Leninist philosophy, its centralpropositions and problems, its historical role and significance in the complex world of today.We are witnessing, and participating in, enormous changes, changes that affect the veryfoundations of human existence, that have drawn into the revolutionary process peoples who oneafter the other are freeing themselves from centuries of social and national oppression and attaininghigh levels of national and class consciousness. These revolutionary changes in society are movingin step with ever more frequent and breathtaking discoveries in various spheres of science andtechnology. Contemporary science has become a powerful and direct transforming force inproduction and spurred into life a great scientific and technological revolution.Socialist society, free from exploitation of man by man, is being built in accordance with astrictly scientific social theory—Marxism-Leninism, whose philosophical basis is dialecticalmaterialism. Marxist-Leninist philosophy has throughout its history been inseparably and openlyconnected with the revolutionary struggle of the working class, of all working people for theirintellectual, social and national emancipation—in this sense it is a committed philosophy. Thephilosophy of Marx was a turning-point in the development of world philosophical thought. Itsgreat innovation was to make philosophy into a science, to remould the very purpose of philosophical knowledge, which as it became established not only explained but helped to transformthe world. Marxist philosophy, as Lenin put it, has the integrity of something forged out of a singlepiece of steel. It is a harmonious, consistent system of materialist views on nature, society and themind, on the general laws of their development.This system was formed by generalising the greatest achievements of human thought and thepractice of the oppressed classes' revolutionary struggle against their oppressors as an effectiveinstrument for establishing the highest ideals to which humanity had aspired throughout the ages.The foundations were laid by the great thinkers Karl Marx and Frederick Engels. It was theywho formulated the basic propositions of the theory which was to become the banner of the strugglefor socialism, for true humanism, for the free development of every individual as a condition for thefree development of all members of society.In the new historical conditions, when capitalism had entered the stage of imperialism, thescientific feat of the founders of Marxism was continued by Lenin, who, proceeding from thecreative principles of their theory, analysed hitherto unknown processes, drew general conclusionsconcerning their future course, and thus delineated the road into the future. Lenin's work signalled anew stage in the development of Marxist philosophy as an eternally living and creative theory.
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