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8170697 Clinical Anatomy and Physiology for Veterinary Technicians 2nd Edition

8170697 Clinical Anatomy and Physiology for Veterinary Technicians 2nd Edition

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02/16/2015

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Colville: Evolve Resources for Clinical Anatomy and Physiology forVeterinary Technicians, 2
nd
edition
Answers to Test Yourself Chapter 1: Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology
P 21. How does the anatomy of a muscle or bone differ from its physiology? Which describesappearance and location and which describes function?ANS: Anatomy deals with the form and structure of a muscle or bone. Physiology deals withtheir function.2. How might abnormalities in an animal’s anatomy or physiology have a negative impact on itshealth and well-being?ANS: The functions of the parts of an animal’s body are extremely interrelated. Therefore anabnormality with the anatomy or physiology of one part can affect other parts.P 61. How does each of the anatomic planes of reference (sagittal, median, transverse, and dorsal)divide a cow’s body?ANS: The sagittal plane divides the body into left and right parts, which are not necessarilyequal.The median plane runs lengthwise down the center of the animal’s body and divides it intoequal left and right halves.The transverse plane divides the body into cranial and caudal parts, which are not necessarilyequal.The dorsal plane divides the animal’s body at a right angle to the sagittal or transverse planeand divides the body into dorsal and ventral parts, which are not necessarily equal.2. If you are facing a cat head-on, is its left ear on your left or right side?ANS: Right side.3. Why must the term
rostral 
 be used instead of 
cranial 
to describe structures on a hedgehog’shead, but the term
caudal 
works just fine?ANS:
Caudal 
always means toward the tail end of the body. The cranium is part of the head,therefore the term
cranial 
loses its meaning.
 Rostral 
specifically means toward the tip or nose.4. If your left hand is on a goat’s belly and your right hand is on its back, which hand is on theanimal’s dorsal surface and which is on its ventral surface?ANS: The left hand is on the ventral surface, and the right hand is on the dorsal surface.
Mosby items and derived items © 2008 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc.
 
Test Bank 1-25. The next time you see a dog, differentiate between the medial and lateral surfaces of one of itselbows and the proximal and distal ends of one of its legs.ANS: The medial surface is toward the center line of the animal’s body, and the lateralsurface is on the outer side of the elbow. The proximal part of the leg is closer to the bodyrelative to, for example, the toes, which are located distally.6. If you insert a hypodermic needle into a horse’s muscle to give an injection, which end of theneedle (tip or hub) is located deep in the muscle and which end is located superficially?ANS: The tip is deep and the hub is superficial.7. What surface of a hamster’s front leg is in contact with the ground when it is walkingnormally? What surface of the hind leg?ANS: The palmar surface of the front leg and the plantar surface of the hind leg are touchingthe ground.P 71. According to the principle of bilateral symmetry, single structures in the body are located onor near which anatomical plane of reference?ANS: Median plane2. Where is the pleura found? The peritoneum?ANS: The pleura is found in the thoracic cavity and the peritoneum is in the abdominal cavity.3. What is the difference between the visceral and parietal layer of the pleura and peritoneum?ANS: The visceral layer covers the organs and the parietal layer lines the whole cavity.P 71. Describe how a cell, a tissue, an organ, and a system differ in an animal’s body.ANS: A cell is the basic functional unit of life. Specialized cells grouped together form tissues.Organs are formed by groups of tissues that work together for a common purpose. Systems aregroups of organs involved in a common set of activities.2. What are the four basic tissues that make up an animal’s body?ANS: Epithelial, connective, muscle, and nervous.P 8
Mosby items and derived items © 2008 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc.
 
Test Bank 1-31. How does the normal anatomy and physiology of cells in an animal’s body impact the healthof the animal as a whole? How does the normal anatomy and physiology of the animal’s bodyas a whole impact the health of its cells?ANS: The health of cells affects the health of tissues, which affects the health of organs, whichaffects the health of systems, which affects the health of the whole body. Similarly, the healthof the body affects the health of the systems, which affects the health of the organs, whichaffects the health of the tissues, which affects the health of cells.2. How do homeostatic mechanisms influence the health of an animal?ANS: As conditions inside and outside change, homeostatic mechanisms influence the healthof an animal by helping to maintain a fairly constant internal environment inside the body,making life possible.
Colville: Evolve Resources for Clinical Anatomy and Physiology forVeterinary Technicians, 2
nd
edition
Answers to Test Yourself Chapter 2: Chemical Basis for Life
P 17
1. What is an element?ANS: An element is matter that cannot be divided by ordinary chemical processes into another substance.2. What is a chemical symbol?ANS: A chemical symbol uses a letter or letters to refer to elements. Chemical symbols arederived from the element’s name in English, Latin, or Greek.3. Name the three subatomic particles.ANS: Proton, neutron, and electron4. What is the electrical charge of each particle?
Mosby items and derived items © 2008 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc.

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