Colville: Evolve Resources for Clinical Anatomy and Physiology forVeterinary Technicians, 2
Answers to Test Yourself Chapter 1: Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology
P 21. How does the anatomy of a muscle or bone differ from its physiology? Which describesappearance and location and which describes function?ANS: Anatomy deals with the form and structure of a muscle or bone. Physiology deals withtheir function.2. How might abnormalities in an animal’s anatomy or physiology have a negative impact on itshealth and well-being?ANS: The functions of the parts of an animal’s body are extremely interrelated. Therefore anabnormality with the anatomy or physiology of one part can affect other parts.P 61. How does each of the anatomic planes of reference (sagittal, median, transverse, and dorsal)divide a cow’s body?ANS: The sagittal plane divides the body into left and right parts, which are not necessarilyequal.The median plane runs lengthwise down the center of the animal’s body and divides it intoequal left and right halves.The transverse plane divides the body into cranial and caudal parts, which are not necessarilyequal.The dorsal plane divides the animal’s body at a right angle to the sagittal or transverse planeand divides the body into dorsal and ventral parts, which are not necessarily equal.2. If you are facing a cat head-on, is its left ear on your left or right side?ANS: Right side.3. Why must the term
be used instead of
to describe structures on a hedgehog’shead, but the term
works just fine?ANS:
always means toward the tail end of the body. The cranium is part of the head,therefore the term
loses its meaning.
specifically means toward the tip or nose.4. If your left hand is on a goat’s belly and your right hand is on its back, which hand is on theanimal’s dorsal surface and which is on its ventral surface?ANS: The left hand is on the ventral surface, and the right hand is on the dorsal surface.
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