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Module 4

Module 4

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Published by Miyuki Sato

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Published by: Miyuki Sato on Aug 21, 2010
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NSTP Module 4 - 1st Semester AY:2010-2011
CommunityDevelopment andCommunity Organizing
Lesson 1: Community DevelopmentLesson 2: Community Organizing
We have two lessons in Module 4Lesson 1 will discuss the theoreticalbackground of community development.This lesson will help you be aware of whythere is a need for community developmentand hot to go about it.Lesson 2 will discuss how to put the theoriesand concepts of community developmentinto action through community organizing.In this lesson, you will be able to know whatcommunity development is all about andhow essential it is connecting the peopleand the nation. Check out the vision of community development and take note of itshighlights.The Vision of community developments inthe Philippines to realize the community’sdreams and expectations, by strengtheningitself and develop towards its full potentialsthrough active participation and effectiveinvolvement thus create empowered andresponsible citizens working relentlessly for a better Philippines.We are all part of a community. Most of usbelong to more than one community,whether we are aware of it or not. For example, an individual can be part of aneighborhood community, a religiouscommunity and a community of sharedinterests all at the same time. (Frank smith1999) the University of Santo Tomas is anexample of a strong and establishededucational community for higher learning.As a community we share, transmit andpromote our identity to all the newThomasians. These values are shared by allalumni, faculty members, administration andstudents of our almost four-century olduniversity.Defining communities in terms of geographyhowever is only one way of looking at them.Communities can also be defined bycommon cultural heritage, language andbeliefs or shared interests also calledcommunities of interest.In essence, community may be described asa geographical area where a group of people live in a common life linked together by factors such as religious beliefs, sexualorientation, occupation or ethnic origin, anda shared sense of identity andbelongingness.(Coloma and Herrera)What we do now in the community has agreat impact in the future generation.How do you recognize a developedcommunity?Let us now look into the definition of development…Development is a gradual unfolding, a fuller working out of the details, of noted changesor growing improvement.Development has meant different things atdifferent times in relation to changingcircumstances and sensibilities. If you wouldrecall the era of the industrial revolution,development then is closely related toincreased speed, volume and size (CDhandbook, 1999). Many are questioning thisconcept now. There was a realization thatmore is not always better.According to professor Elmer ferret, the termdevelopment does not necessarily meangrowth, it is however about change, positivechange.So what now is community development?Community development is culturally rootedto the life of the people.It is a planned evolution of all aspects of community well-being (economic, social,environmental and cultural). (cdta handbook,2005)
 
Community development is not a quick fixfor the day-to-day operations of thecommunityExample: have you participated in a gift-giving or relief operations in your community? These activities can beclassified under a dole-out. Through thismethod we are only enabling the people tobe dependent thus preventing them to helpthemselves.Community development follows a plannedprocess that is long- term and integrated.The process of developing and organizingthe community is long and tedious. Everystep must be carefully planned andmonitored. (cdta handbook 2005) you willknow more about this in lesson 2 communityorganizing.Thus, community development is a processof facilitating people to actualize them selvesand therefore discover their identities andpossibilities and connection with each other and with the world. (Prof. Elmer ferrer) aCommunity development is not a newconcept in the Philippines. This has beenrooted even before the coming of theSpaniards with early Filipinos organized intobalangays; most members are related andheaded by a leader (Gloria 2000). Throughthe years it has a teaching which is beingapplied based on the needs of the people inthe community.Community development is theimprovement, growth and change of thegeographic area and its people fromconventional to modern ways, fromcrudeness to refinement, from ignorance tolearning; from faultiness to virtuosity.1.people’s welfarecommunity development is for the people;thus it is very important to place their welfareabove anything else. In developing acommunity remember the followingendeavor that has to be achieved:improve the quality of lifehelp people acquire coherence and meaningin lifelead people towards achieving sustainabilityand self-determination.2.people’s capacityall people and communities have a certainamount of capacity. No one is withoutcapacity but often we need to develop it.What is important to realize is that the heartof capacity building is people. It would takecapacity to achieve a healthy community aswell as good leadership, a viable plan,motivation and support of the people fromthe community.Capacity is simply the ways and meansneeded to do what has to be done. It ismuch broader than simply skills, people andplans. It includes commitment, resourcesand all that is brought to bear on a processto make it successful.An indication that capacity is developingwithin a community is that people are active.Interested and participating in what is goingon. This is similar to you as part of a groupor organizing in your school or community.You are part of the discussion, there willalso be questioning, challenging anddebating- but you will be debating on whatshould be done, not complaining thatnothing will ever change. More and morepeople will be getting involved, identifyingkey issues and taking action.3.people’s participation and collectiveinvolvementActive community participation is the heartthat pumps the community’s lifebloodcitizens-into becoming an improvedcommunity.Community participation . . . is critical tocommunity success.Bordenave (1994) considers participation asa “joint” effort of people for achieving acommon important objective previouslydefined by them. Meanwhile, communityparticipation according to Paul (1987) is anactive process whereby beneficiariesinfluence the direction and execution of thedevelopment projects rather than merelyreceiving a share of the project benefits.Community participation is far more than arequirement. It is a condition for success.Studies have documented thosecommunities that engage their citizens and
 
partners deeply in the work of communitydevelopment raise more resources, achievemore results, and develop in a more holisticand ultimately-more beneficial way.Community participation, then is criticalTo community success.It is very important to ensure people’s activeparticipation and involvement in the differentprograms within the community, build thepeople’s capacity and be empoweredbecause through this, the purposes of community development become morerealistic.Empowerment refers to increasing political,social and economic strength of individuals.It often involves developing confidence intheir own capacities.It is increasing the capacity of individuals or groups to make choices and to transformthose choices into desired actions andoutcomes. Central to this process areactions which both build individual andcollective assets, and improve the efficiencyof organizations and institutions.Empowered people have freedom of choiceand action; this in turn enables them tobetter influence the course of their lives andthe decisions which affect them.The goals of community development leadus to empowerment,Thus empowerment is most essential tocommunity development!If the people are appreciably empoweredand can participate in the process of development, then they can.Cooperation and education.Cooperation is about taking an active part inthe community of which you are animportant member.It is all about voluntary association for mutual benefit.Cooperation is about the people whoa reaffected by decisions being people whomake those decisions.Most importantly, cooperation is abouthaving your voice heard.Another way to empower the community isthrough EDUCATION. Basic education notonly increases a person’s economicopportunities, it also serves as a catalyst for social change. More importantly this is thekey component for sustainabledevelopment.In my pegagogic creed, John Dewey held,among other things, that:Education is the fundamental method of social progress.Education is a regulation of the process of coming to share in the social consciousness;and the adjustment of individual activity onthe basis of this social consciousness is theonly sure method of social reconstruction.Education must be conceived as acontinuing reconstruction of experience; thatthe process and the goal of education areone and the same thing.The community’s duty to education is,therefore its paramount moral duty.LESSON 2Community organization is that process bywhich the people… organize themselves totake charge of their situation and thusdevelop a sense of being a communitytogether. It is a particularly effective tool for the poor and powerless as they determinefor themselves the actions they will take todeal with the essential forces that aredestroying their community andconsequently causing them to be powerless.-Reverend Robert Linthicum, world visioninternational.We make a living by what we get, but wemake a life by what we give – WinstonChurchillCommunity organizing (_CO) has beendefined as the application of principles andmethods foe effecting change in which thecommunity groups are helped to identify thecommon problems or goals, mobilizeresources, and in other ways develops andimplement strategies for reaching the goalthey have set. (Minkler 1990)CO is a values-based process by whichpeople – most often low—and moderate—income people previously absent from

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