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Solid Transport in Laminar Open Channel Flow of Non-Newtonian Slurries

Solid Transport in Laminar Open Channel Flow of Non-Newtonian Slurries

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: ghidagol on Aug 21, 2010
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A Thesis Submitted to the College of Graduate Studies and Researchin Partial Fulfilment of the Requirementsfor the Degree of Doctor of Philosophyin the Department of Chemical EngineeringUniversity of SaskatchewanSaskatoon, Saskatchewan, CanadabyRyan Brent Spelay
Copyright, Ryan Brent Spelay, January, 2007. All Rights Reserved.The University of Saskatchewan claims copyright in conjunction with the author. Use shall notbe made of the material contained herein without proper acknowledgement.
In presenting this thesis in partial fulfilment of the requirements for a postgraduate degree fromthe University of Saskatchewan, I agree that the libraries of this University may make it freelyavailable for inspection. I further agree that permission for copying of this thesis in any manner,in whole or in part, for scholarly purposes may be granted by the professor or professors thatsupervised my thesis work or, in their absence, by the Head of the Department or the Dean of theCollege in which my thesis work was done. It is understood that any copying or publication oruse of this thesis or parts thereof for financial gain shall not be allowed without my writtenpermission. It is also understood that due recognition shall be given to me and to the Universityof Saskatchewan in any scholarly use which may be made of any material in my thesis.Requests for permission to copy or make use of material in this thesis in whole or part should beaddressed to:Head of the Department of Chemical EngineeringUniversity of SaskatchewanSaskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada S7N 5A9
Thickened tailings production and disposal continue to grow in importance in the miningindustry. In particular, the transport of oil sands tailings is of interest in this study. These tailingsmust be in a homogeneous state (non-segregating) during pipeline flow and subsequent discharge.Tailings are often transported in an open channel or flume. Slurries containing both clay andcoarse sand particles typically exhibit non-Newtonian rheological behaviour. The prediction of the flow behaviour of these slurries is complicated by the limited research activity in this area.As a result, the underlying mechanisms of solids transport in these slurries are not wellunderstood. To address this deficiency, experimental studies were conducted with kaolin clayslurries containing coarse sand in an open circular channel.A numerical model has been developed to predict the behaviour of coarse solid particles inlaminar, open channel, non-Newtonian flows. The model involves the simultaneous solution of the Navier-Stokes equations and a scalar concentration equation describing the behaviour of coarse particles within the flow. The model uses the theory of shear-induced particle diffusion(Phillips et al., 1992) to provide a number of relationships to describe the diffusive flux of coarseparticles within laminar flows. A sedimentation flux has been developed and incorporated intothe Phillips et al. (1992) model to account for gravitational flux of particles within the flow.Previous researchers (Gillies et al., 1999) have shown that this is a significant mechanism of particle migration.The momentum and concentration partial differential equations have been solved numerically byapplying the finite volume method. The differential equations are non-linear, stiff and tightlycoupled which requires a novel means of analysis. Specific no-flux, no-slip and no-shearboundary conditions have been applied to the channel walls and free surface to produce simulatedvelocity and concentration distributions. The results show that the model is capable of predictingcoarse particle settling in laminar, non-Newtonian, open channel flows. The results of thenumerical simulations have been compared to the experimental results obtained in this study, aswell as the experimental results of previous studies in the literature.

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