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Table Of Contents

Physical properties of H2O:
Sources of Body Fluids:
Function of Body Fluids:
Intracellular Fluids
Extracellular Fluid
Interstitial Compartment
Intravascular Compartment
Non-electrolytes
Protein
Albumin
Colloids
Colloid Osmotic Pressure
Electrolytes
Cation ± Positive charge
Anions-Negative Charge
Milli Equivalent/Liter (mEq/L)
Movement of Body Fluids
Second Phase
Filtration
Composition of Body Fluids:
Normal Values:
kidney
Major Functions of the Kidney:
Heart
Blood Vessels
Lungs
Gastrointestinal Tracts
Hypothalamus
Pituitary Gland
Adrenal Glands
Parathyroid glands
Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH)
Hyperosmolality
Aldosterone
Parathyroid Hormone
Functions:
Thyroid Hormone
Four Routes of fluid Output:
Kidney
Skin
Content of Sweat:
Blood volume replacement
Total Parenteral Nutrition
Intravenous Solution
Isotonic Solution
Hypotonic Solution
Hypertonic Solutions
Laboratory test ±Fluid Status:
Osmolality
Factors increase Osmolality:
Factors Decrease osmolality:
Osmolarity
Urine Specific Gravity
Factors that increase BUN:
Factors that Decrease BUN:
Creatinine
Hematocrit
Urine Sodium Values:
Types of Fluid Imbalance:
Hypovolemia
Clinical Manifestation:
Laboratory Test:
Management:
Fluid Challenge Test:
Hypervolemia
Causes:
Dehydration
Predisposing Factors:
Complications:
Implementation:
Edema
Predisposing factors:
Dependent Edema
Pitting Edema
Brawny Edema
Weeping Edema
Treatment:
Renal failure
Etiology;
Pre- renal failure
Intra-Renal
Post Renal
Therapeutic Intervention:
Peritoneal Dialysis
Nursing Care:
During:
Hemodialysis
Purpose:
Predisposing factor:
I ±Hemorrhage due to:
II-Dehydration due to:
III-Third Space- fluid:
Clinical manifestation:
Diagnostic Measures:
Fluid Replacement Therapy:
Monitor ±Sign ±Fluid overload:
Na -Sodium
Function:
Hyponatremia
Precipitating factor:
Diagnostic Test
Hypernatremia
Sign of severe Hypernatremia:
Diagnostic Test:
Complication:
Hypokalemia
Diagnostic:
Ventricular fibrillation
Hyperkalemia
Diagnostic test:
Peaked T-wave
Cardiac fibrillation
Cardiac arrest
Hypomagnesemia
Positive Chvostek¶s sign
Trousseau¶s sign
Hypermagnesemia
Diagnostic Test;
Intervention:
Calcium & Phosphate
Sources :
Hypercalcemia
Hypochloremia
Hyperchloremia
Acid ±Base Balance
Hydrochloric acid
Bases
Common base:
Salts
Common Salts:
Process of Ventilation:
Different acid- base imbalance:
Uncompensated type
Partially compensated type
Fully compensated
Metabolic acidosis
Cause:
Metabolic alkalosis
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Fluids & Electrolytes

Fluids & Electrolytes

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Published by Mark Neil Dancel

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Published by: Mark Neil Dancel on Aug 22, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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07/25/2013

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