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Chapter 1 - Electric Circuit Variables

# Chapter 1 - Electric Circuit Variables

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Introdução Aos Circuitos Elétricos - 7th ed - Dorf Svoboda - Resolução - Capitulo 1
Introdução Aos Circuitos Elétricos - 7th ed - Dorf Svoboda - Resolução - Capitulo 1

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06/07/2014

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Design Problems
DP 1-1
The voltage may be as large as 20(1.25) = 25 V and the current may be as large as (0.008)(1.25)= 0.01 A. The element needs to be able to absorb (25 V)(0.01 A) = 0.25 W continuously. AGrade B element is adequate, but without margin for error. Specify a Grade B device if you trustthe estimates of the maximum voltage and current and a Grade A device otherwise.
DP 1-2
( )
( ) ( )
8888
2010.030.61W
t t t
p t e e e e
= × =
Here is a MATLAB program to plot
p
(
):
cleart0=0; % initial timetf=1; % final timedt=0.02; % time incrementt=t0:dt:tf; % timev=20*(1-exp(-8*t)); % device voltagei=.030*exp(-8*t); % device currentfor k=1:length(t)p(k)=v(k)*i(k); % powerendplot(t,p)xlabel('time, s');ylabel('power, W')

Here is the plot:The circuit element must be able to absorb 0.15 W.1-9

Problems
Section 1-2 Electric Circuits and Current FlowP1.2-1

( )
( )
55
4120
t
i t e edt
= =
A
P1.2-2
( ) ( ) ( )
( )
550000
44041044455
t t t
q t i d q e d d e d t e
τ τ
τ τ τ τ τ
= + = + = = +
∫
5
C
P1.2-3
( ) ( ) ( )
000
4404sin30cos3cos3 C33
t
q t i d q d
τ τ τ τ τ
= + = + = = +
∫
43
P1.2-4
( ) ( )
0
t
q t i d
τ τ
= =
∫
τ
=
0 C for

2 so
q
(2) = 0.
( ) ( ) ( )
222
222
t
q t i d q
τ τ τ τ
= + = =
∫
=
2
4 C for 2

4. In particular,
q
(4) = 4 C.
( ) ( ) ( )
444
4144
t
q t i d q
τ τ τ τ
= + = + = +
∫
=
8
C for 4

8. In particular,
q
(8) = 0 C.
( ) ( ) ( )
88
800
t
q t i d q
τ τ τ
= + = +
∫
=
0 C for 8

.
P1.2-5
( )( )
( )
22
00()2022 2
dq i t i t dt e
<= =>

< <

P1.2-6
5
C= 600A = 600sCsmgSilver deposited = 60020min601.118= 8.0510mg=805gsminC
i
× × × ×
1-2

Section 1-3 Systems of UnitsP1.3-1
( )( )
4000 A0.001s 4 C
q i
Δ = Δ = =

P1.3-2
963
4510910510
qi
Δ ×= = = ×Δ ×
= 9
μ
A
P1.3-3
1991910199
electronCelectronC= 10billion 1.60210= 10101.60210selectronselectronelectronC= 101.60210electronsC1.60210 1.602nAs
i
× × ×× ×= × =