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SUG553 - Geographic Information System - Introduction to GIS

SUG553 - Geographic Information System - Introduction to GIS

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Published by Muhammad Ruzaini
JACK RUZAINI jacketphisher@yahoo.com 16th AUGUST 2010

1

WHAT IS GIS?
A Geographic Information System (GIS) is a computer system that displaying, analyzing, capturing, storing and querying geographical data. It also called ³geographically referenced data´. Geographic data combines and links graphic representations of "features", or "events" found on the earth with corresponding tabular data, which is also called attribute data.

2

HISTORY OF GIS
y

1854 ± John Snow possibly the earliest use
JACK RUZAINI jacketphisher@yahoo.com 16th AUGUST 2010

1

WHAT IS GIS?
A Geographic Information System (GIS) is a computer system that displaying, analyzing, capturing, storing and querying geographical data. It also called ³geographically referenced data´. Geographic data combines and links graphic representations of "features", or "events" found on the earth with corresponding tabular data, which is also called attribute data.

2

HISTORY OF GIS
y

1854 ± John Snow possibly the earliest use

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: Muhammad Ruzaini on Aug 22, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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09/13/2013

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JACK RUZAINI jacketphisher@yahoo.com16
th
AUGUST 2010
1
 
AGeographicInformationSystem(GIS)isacomputesystemthatdisplaying,analyzing,capturing,storingandqueryinggeographicaldata.Italsocalled³geographicallyreferenceddata´.Geographicdatacombinesandlinksgraphicrepresentationsof"features",or"events"foundontheearthwithcorrespondingtabulardata,whichisalsocalledattributedata.
2
WHAT IS GIS?
 
y
1854
 ±John Snow possibly the earliest use the geographic method depicted a cholera outbreakin London. He¶s not only using cartographic methods but also analyze clusters of geographicallydependent phenomena for the first time.
y
E
arly 20
th
Century ±
T
he development of photolithography which maps were separated intolayers
y
1962 ±
D
r. Roger 
T
omlinson (known as father of GIS) developed Canada GeographicInformation System (CGIS) in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.CGIS was the world¶s first such an improvement of mapping application as it providedcapabilities for overlay, measurement, scanning and digitizing. It also supported coordinatesystem, true embed topology and store the attribute and locationalinformation in separate files.It was developed as continent-wide analysis of complex dataset and as a mainframe basedsystem in support of federal and province resource planning.
y
1964 ±
Howard
T
. Fisher formed Laboratory for Computer Graphics and Spatial Analysis(LCGSA) at Harvard where number of important theoretical concepts in spatial data handlingwere developed.
y
1970 -
LCGSA distributed seminal software code and system ±SYMAP, GRI
D
and O
D
YSSEY
3
HISTORY OF GIS

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