±John Snow possibly the earliest use the geographic method depicted a cholera outbreakin London. He¶s not only using cartographic methods but also analyze clusters of geographicallydependent phenomena for the first time.
he development of photolithography which maps were separated intolayers
omlinson (known as father of GIS) developed Canada GeographicInformation System (CGIS) in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.CGIS was the world¶s first such an improvement of mapping application as it providedcapabilities for overlay, measurement, scanning and digitizing. It also supported coordinatesystem, true embed topology and store the attribute and locationalinformation in separate files.It was developed as continent-wide analysis of complex dataset and as a mainframe basedsystem in support of federal and province resource planning.
. Fisher formed Laboratory for Computer Graphics and Spatial Analysis(LCGSA) at Harvard where number of important theoretical concepts in spatial data handlingwere developed.
LCGSA distributed seminal software code and system ±SYMAP, GRI
HISTORY OF GIS