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Circuit Theory - Solved Assignments - Semester Spring 2007

# Circuit Theory - Solved Assignments - Semester Spring 2007

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Circuit Theory - Solved Assignments - Semester Spring 2007
Circuit Theory - Solved Assignments - Semester Spring 2007

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12/07/2011

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Assignment 2(Spring 2007)
(Solution)
CIRCUIT THEORY (PHY301)MARKS: 45Due Date: 10/04/2007
Q.1.
i.

In which condition current division and voltage division is used?Answer:
When the resistances are placed parallel in the given circuit then we use the current divider rule becausecurrent is divided in the parallel resistances.When the resistances are placed in series in the circuit then we use the voltage division because voltage is divided in the series circuit.
ii.

Do you find any difference between reference node, common node, ground and lowpotential?
All these terms almost have same meanings however their concepts in practical usage are given below.
Reference Node Common Node Ground Low Potential
The reference node iscommonly called theground since it isassumed to have zero potential. .Generallywhen we are choosingreference node on paper we will consider the bottom node of thecircuit as referencenode.

The reference node iscommonly called theground since it isassumed to have zeropotential.The choice of areference node iscompletely arbitrary,but the node with thelargest number of components or voltage sourceconnected to it isusually mostconvenient.

A point in an electricalsystem that has zerovoltage. The chassis of anelectrical component isusually at ground potentialand thus serves as thereturn path for signals aswell as for power circuits.
Low potentialrefers to the lower value of voltage ascompared tohigher voltage.
What will be the current through 5
resistance in the given circuit?
It is clear from the figure that circuit is open and we know that current cannot flow through thenetwork when it is open so no current will flow through the 5

Q.2
Use nodal analysis to find both

and
1
in the network given below. Identify and label each nodeotherwise you will lose your marks. Draw and labeled complete circuit diagram. Write each step of thecalculation to get maximum marks and also mention the units of each derived value.
Sol:
Labeling for nodes we have

We can see that 10v is connected to v2, so value of v2=-10v(V
1
-(v2))/3 + (V
1
)/10 + (V
1
)/6 + 4 = 0(V
1
+10)/3 + (V
1
)/10 + (V
1
)/6 + 4 = 0From this we have V
1
= -12.22VThis -12.22v drops across sum of 4 and 2 ohm so for finding the value of V
0
we apply the voltage divider role. Then we haveV
0
= (2/6) * -12.22V
0
= -4V
Q.3.
Use nodal analysis to find voltage of 16
, also finds currentI
O
as indicated in the givennetwork. Identify and label each node otherwise you will lose

Sol:
First we label the circuit for nodes. We see a 10v voltage source involves between node v2 and v3 sowe also assign a super node.As 5
and 3
are in series, their equivalent is 8
so we will write 8
value writing nodal equations.As from the above figure there is a super node so the equation for the super node will be:…….. (1)
vvv
1023
=

2103
vv
+=
And the KCL equation for the node will be
32321322 323131222 483813412
=+=++ =++
vvvvvvvv  Avvvvv
Now putting the value of v3 we get
( )
3221021322
=++
vvv

3222201322
=++
vvv

20321324
=
vv
…………… (2)
121324
=
vv
Nodal equation for node 1:
0421831161
=++
vvvvv

0241432121
=++
vvvvv

0243217
=
vvv

Now putting the value of v3 we get
( )
024102217
=+
vvv

024202217
=
vvv

202617
=
vv
…………….(3)From equation (2)