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Schwegmann Family Tomb Report

Schwegmann Family Tomb Report

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Published by Anthony
Historic Structures Report for Schwegmann Family Tomb in St. Roch Cemetery No. 1, New Orleans, Louisiana for Studio in Building Preservation Spring 2010, Master in Preservation Studies, Tulane School of Architecture
Historic Structures Report for Schwegmann Family Tomb in St. Roch Cemetery No. 1, New Orleans, Louisiana for Studio in Building Preservation Spring 2010, Master in Preservation Studies, Tulane School of Architecture

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Categories:Types, Research, Genealogy
Published by: Anthony on Aug 23, 2010
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08/22/2012

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SchwegmannFamily Tomb
St. Roch Cemetery No. 1New Orleans, Louisiana
Anthony DelRosarioStudio in Building PreservationProfessors Gene Cizek, Mark Thomas, Heather Knight
 
Master in Preservation StudiesTulane School of Architecture
 
1 PRST 6510 - Studio in Building Preservation G. Cizek, M. Thomas, H. Knight Feb. 12, 2010Anthony DelRosario – Master in Preservation Studies - Tulane School of Architecture
St. Roch Cemetery No. 1 is located at 1725 St. Roch Avenue in the New Marignyneighborhood of New Orleans, Louisiana. The cemetery was started by Father PeterLeonard Thevis when his largely German Catholic congregation at Holy Trinity Churchwas spared from the yellow fever epidemic after having prayed for intervention from St.Roch, one of the “Fourteen Holy Helpers” and was reported to have performed cures ofthe plague during the 14
th
century. Father Thevis designed the cemetery after CampoSanto dei Tedeschi in Rome and the cemetery opened in 1874. He also designed achapel as a shrine to St. Roch and constructed it with the help of his congregation. Asecond part of the cemetery opened in 1895.The Schwegmann Family Tomb (Figs. 1 & 2) can be found in St. Roch CemeteryNo. 1. The tomb is in plot numbers 8 and 9 in Square C on St. Bonifice Walk. The tombis adjacent to the Screwmen’s Benevolent Association Society Tomb.The Schwegmann Family Tomb is a pediment tomb which, according to
Dead Space : Defining the New Orleans Creole Cemetery : St. Louis Cemetery No. 1: Guidelines for Preservation & Restoration 
, is “a multiple vault tomb whose height isgreater than its width and whose top is surmounted by an integrated front gable endpediment or flat, triangular or segmented design.” The tomb is constructed of DorianGray granite according to the specifications from the Albert Weiblen Marble and GraniteCompany contract with the family. Three variations of the granite are on the tomb:rusticated, polished, and flame cut. The granite probably came from the Albert WeiblenMarble and Granite Company stone quarry in Stone Mountain, Georgia. According tothe tomb contract found in the company records, the specifications state that the“Granite is to be set on a full bed of Mortar [sic], composed of Portland cement, and
 
2 PRST 6510 - Studio in Building Preservation G. Cizek, M. Thomas, H. Knight Feb. 12, 2010Anthony DelRosario – Master in Preservation Studies - Tulane School of Architecture
clean sharp sand, and along the outer edge, sheet lead, set in a careful and workmanlike manner, plumb and straight.” The original mortar has been replaced with neopreneor rubberized caulk. The specifications also state that “All granite work to be solid pieceand to have the proper drip all the way aroung [sic].” Professor Knight noticed the dripedge (Fig. 3) when she happened to look up at me while on top of the tomb takingmeasurements. The drip edge keeps rain water from eroding the side of the tomb bycausing the running water to drip about two inches from the sides. Other than someslight discoloration of the polished granite on the door and pilasters, the SchwegmannTomb is in great shape and is maintained through Perpetual Care Program with theArchdiocese of New Orleans paid by the George August Schwegmann family. Thetomb has settled slightly in the back so that it leans back about one degree off vertical.A number of North German tribes used the word "schwegman" which apparentlydescended from antiquity. As used by the Jutes, the word "schweg" means axe. Themodern English word "wedge" is derived from it. (Lauler)The Schwegmann Tomb is the burial place of seven members of the family:patriarch Garret Schwegmann (Fig. 4); his wife Mary Henke (Fig. 5); four of their fivechildren George August (Fig. 7), John William (Fig. 8), Mary, and Theresa; and GeorgeAugust’s wife Annie Emmer. This Schwegmann family can be traced back to JohnGerhrd (Garret/George/Gerald) Schwegmann’s arrival in Louisiana on October 29,1860, according to Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at New Orleans, Louisiana,1820-1902 (Ancestry.com) (Fig. 6). The passenger list notes that the port of departurewas Bremerhaven, Germany, that the ship name was Senator Iken, and that the port ofarrival was New Orleans. According to a family tree on Ancestry.com constructed by

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