Earth is the perfect shape for minimizing the pull of gravity on its outer edges - a sphere (althoughcentrifugal force from its spin actually makes it anoblate spheroid, flattened at top and bottom).Geometry is the branch of maths that describes suchshapes.
For a beehive, close packing is important to maximize theuse of space. Hexagons fit most closely together withoutany gaps; so hexagonal wax cells are what bees create tostore their eggs and larvae. Hexagons are six-sidedpolygons, closed, 2-dimensional, many-sided figures withstraight edges.
Volcanoes form cones, the steepness and height of which depends on the runniness (viscosity) of the lava.Fast, runny lava forms flatter cones; thick, viscous lavaforms steep-sided cones. Cones are 3-dimensional solidswhose volume can be calculated by 1/3 x area of base xheight.
In mathematics, parallel lines stretch to infinity, neitherconverging nor diverging. These parallel dunes in theAustralian desert aren't perfect - the physical worldrarely is.
Geometry - Human induced
People impose their own geometry on the land, dividing arandom environment into squares, rectangles and