combination of biofeedback and autogenic therapy (a learned,self-regulation technique) -- at Ames.Cowings, who first successfully tested the technique on twoastronauts during a Space Shuttle flight in 1985, said AFT hasseveral advantages over using medication to treat motion sicknesssymptoms."AFT produces relief with as little as 6 hours of trainingand it reduces the behavioral and physiological reactions to eventhe most provocative motion sickness stimuli," she said. "Inaddition, there are no side-effects such as sleepiness, reducedshort-term memory or blurred vision, as there may be with drugs."Cowings added that AFT is effective in a wide range of individualsand people remember the training a long time.Over the past 19 years, Cowings has trained more than 200individuals, including military pilots, in autogenic feedback.She observed significant improvement in motion tolerance in 85percent of them.- more -- 3 -During the Spacelab-J mission, two crew members will wearspecial instruments to record their physiological responses asthey move about the Spacelab and carry out normal mission tasks.A portable, battery-powered monitoring system worn on the beltwill record such physiological measurements as skin temperature,respiration rate and the heart's electrical currents. One crewmember is AFT-trained. Another, non-AFT-trained, crew memberserves as a control."If we're to have a permanent presence in space, we must knowhow gravity affects the development of life at the cellularlevel," said Sally Schofield, Ames' payload scientist. "We alsomust understand how people adapt to microgravity and find ways toease this process. Ames' experiments address these issues."Greg Schmidt, Ames' payload manager, said his team is anxiousto get the mission under way. "Thirty people at Ames have workedfor over 8 years getting ready for this mission," he said. "Weare very excited about our role in this international mission.We're ready to go."