Hydraulic fracturing or “fracking” involves injecting water mixed withresin-coated sand and a cocktail of hazardous chemicals (includinghydrochloric acid, nitrogen, biocides, surfactants, friction reducers, andbenzene) into shale at extremely high pressure, separating rockfissures and allowing the gas to flow out of the drill bore while the sandholds the cracks open.
Because Marcellus Shale formations are sodeep, millions of gallons of water are required and subsequentlymillions of gallons of contaminated water are produced. While much of the contamination comes from naturally occurring chlorides, heavymetals, and radioactivity, tens of thousands of gallons of industrialchemicals that make up the “frac” fluids remain in the ground andneed remediation.
If hydraulic fracturing stimulation must take place, it is technologicallyfeasible to use non-toxic “delivery systems” and plain water basedalternatives in the process, such as those already being used by theoffshore oil and gas industry.
According to the EPA, "Water-basedalternatives exist and from an environmental perspective, these water-based products are preferable."
These federally regulated offshorepractices are necessary to protect marine organisms and must beextended to onshore drilling and fracking to protect our drinking watersupplies.
A 2002 draft of an EPA study on hydraulic fracturing stated that:
Nine hazardous chemicals were found in the fluids injectedunderground at levels that exceed national water qualitystandards.
These chemicals have known negative health effects such asrespiratory, neurological and reproductive impacts, impacts onthe central nervous system, and various types of cancer.
About sixty percent of this toxic water is left underground. Therest is stored in huge, open pits that dot the landscapes at
Shaleshock Citizens Action Alliance
benzene, phenanthrenes, naphthalene, 1-methlnaphthalene, 2-methylnaphthalene, fluorenes, aromatics, ethylene glycol, and methanol.
CAN YOUPLEASE PUT THE SOURCE HERE?