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Portable Fire Extinguisher

Portable Fire Extinguisher

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Published by penauk

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Published by: penauk on Aug 24, 2010
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08/03/2013

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1 |Page 
INTRODUCTION
When a big fire has already started, there is no turning back. The fire has to be put off. As weaware, fire is the most common serious hazard that one faces in a typical in our daily life. Fire is process of combustion characterized by the emission of heat accompanied by smoke or flame. Mostlywhen the term fire is referred to, we mean the uncontrolled fire such as happens in furnaces, etc. Fireis often unwanted, unexpected, disastrous and costly, both in terms of human life and business costs.What is causes fire? All of us know that fire exist as a result of combustion/reaction between3 elements ± heat (high temperature), fuel, and oxygen .There is an interrelationship between heat,fuel and oxygen. This is known as µfire triangle¶. Fire cannot occur if one of the key components ismissing, i.e.: if the heat, the fuel or oxygen is eliminated. While proper procedure and training canminimize the chances of an accidental fire based on the knowledge about fire fighting equipment inorder be prepared to deal with a fire emergency when it occur.Hence in this report, the lecturer 
Miss Noraziah Wahi
give me to searching the informationabout the two types of fire fighting equipment in our building to lead all of us understanding aboutthe fire protection/fighting system. There are:-
 
WATER TYPE EXTINGUSHER (PORTABLE FIRE EXTINGUISHER)
 
WET RISER (NON-PORTABLE FIRE EXTINGUISHER)
.
 
2
|Page 
PORTABLE FIRE EXTINGUISHER 
 WATER TYPE EXTINGUISHER 
 
As we all aware, a
ire extinguisher
is an
active
ire protection
device used to extinguish or control a fire, often in emergency situations.
 
Fire extinguishers have been a major part of fire prevention. The first, primitive fire extinguisherswere most likely created shortly after fire was discovered.
 
They come in a wide variety of 
sizes and shapes
. Their greatest benefit is the convenience andthe safety that they provide.
 
Active
ire protection
can be divided into three headings ;
 
Portable Fire Extinguisher
 
Non-Portable Fire Extinguisher
 
D
etector & Alarm System
 
Portable
ire extinguisher
is the first aid fire fighting appliances which can be carried out byhand. Extremely valuable for extinguishing fire at early stage.
 
Typically, a fire extinguisher consists of a hand-held cylindrical pressure vessel, containing a
chemical agent
which can be discharged to extinguish a fire.
 
3
|Page 
 
The portable fire extinguisher is
cannot be used
or large area
. It is also must contain the type of 
ire
 
extinguishing agent
suitable with the type of fire to be extinguished.
 
Water type extinguisher
is one of other types of portable fire extinguisher besides from
carbon
 
dioxide (C02), Halon gas (BCF & PTM),
 
D
ry powder
and
Foam extinguisher.
 
 
The water fire extinguisher will always be popular as it is simple in content, operation andservicing. The
9
litre water
ire extinguisher
is the standard and most have
the 13A
 
rating denoting the size o
 
ire
it will put out - our water fire extinguishers have a higher rating of 21A.
 
 
For the further information, this type of fire extinguisher is generally used to
extinguish Class A.
 
Class A
extinguishers are for ordinary combustible materials such as
paper, wood, cardboard,and
 
most plastics
. The numerical rating on these types of extinguishers indicates the amount of water it holds and the amount of fire it can extinguish
.
 
O
n other word, it is
the standard items in a shop or office and most of the furniture or display items will contain these basics. Flammable liquids are a no-no and the major danger would be fires involving live electrical equipment. For this reason, most water extinguishers would be accompanied by a C
O
2 fire extinguisher.
 
 
In recent times, water has been supplemented by additives that make the water moreeffective and, therefore, the extinguisher smaller.
 
There are mainly two types of water fire extinguishers.
 
The air-pressured fire extinguisher, whose mechanism employs the simple principle of air  pressure to spurt water from the container to the flame,
 
 
The water mist spray fire extinguisher which contains pressurized nitrogen mixed withwater to be sprayed as tiny droplets or a mist instead of shooting a strong jet. It is usefulin cramped and small places, and this type of extinguisher typically is a lot less messy.
 
 
The
water
ire extinguisher
can be defined usually into this category of 
characteristic,shape and size at the market;
 
 
9
litre Water Fire Extinguisher
 
6
litre Water Additive Fire Extinguisher
 
3 litre Water Additive Fire Extinguisher
 
Chrome
6
litre Water Extinguisher
 
Chrome
9
litre Water Extinguisher

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