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momentum & collision

momentum & collision

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Published by bat.laugh

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Published by: bat.laugh on Aug 24, 2010
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08/15/2014

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1
Quiz 3 (Ch.5)
θ
cos
x
F
W
=
2
2
1
v
m
KE=
y
mg
PEg
=
(
)(
)
0
then
,
0
if
=
=
+
+
=
=
i
f
nc
i
i
f
f
i
f
nc
E
E
W
PE
KE
PE
KE
E
E
W
2
/
2
x
k
PEs
=
2
Chapter 6
Momentum and Collisions
3
Momentum
The linear momentum of an
object of massm moving with a
velocity

is defined as the
product of the mass and the
velocity

SI Units are kg m / s
Vector quantity, the direction of the
momentum is the same as the velocity’s
p
r
v
r
m
=
p
v
r
r
4
Momentum components
Applies to two-dimensional motion
y
y
x
x
mv
p
and
mv
p
=
=
y
x
p
r
x
x
mv
p=
y
y
mv
p=
5
Impulse
In order tochange the momentum of
an object, a force must be applied
The time rate of change of momentum
of an object is equal to the net force
acting on it
Gives an alternative statement of Newton’s
second law
(
)
f
i
net
mv v
t
t
=
=
p
F
r
r
6
Impulse cont.
When a single, constant force acts
on the object, there is animpu lse
delivered to the object
is defined as theimpulse
Vector quantity, the direction is the
same as the direction of the force
t
=
I F
r
r
I
r
7
Impulse-Momentum
Theorem
The theorem states that the

impulse acting on the object is
equal to the change in momentum
of the object

If the force is not constant, use the
average forceapplied
f
i
t
m
m
∆ =∆ =
F
p
v
v
r
r
r
r
8
Average Force in Impulse
The average force

can be thought of as
the constant force
that would give the
same impulse to the
object in the time
interval as the actual
time-varying force
gives in the interval

9
Average Force cont.
The impulse imparted by a force during

the time intervalt is equal to the area
under the force-time graph from the
beginning to the end of the time
interval

Or, the impulse is equal to the average
force multiplied by the time interval:
avt
∆ =∆
F
p
r
r
10
Impulse Applied to Auto
Collisions
The most important factor is the
collision time or the time it takes
the person to come to a rest
This will reduce the chance of dying
in a car crash
Ways to increase the time
Seat belts
Air bags
11
Air Bags
The air bag increases
the time of the
collision
It will also absorb
some of the energy
from the body
It will spread out the
area of contact
decreases the
pressure
helps prevent
penetration wounds
12
Example: Problem #2

m = 0.06 kg
v1 = 50 m/s
v2 = 40 m/s

I-?
W-?
x
i
v
r
f
v
r

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