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How a Bill Becomes a Law

How a Bill Becomes a Law

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Published by Joy Dacuan

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Published by: Joy Dacuan on Aug 24, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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01/03/2013

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How a Bill Becomes a Law
 Legislators file bills on issue areas of their concern, although bills on international agreements and treaties aretradionally initiated by the Senate, while bills on appropriations and those authorizing increase in public debtsoriginate from the House of Representatives.After research and studies have been conducted by the staff and the legislators themselves, the bill goes throughthe legislative mill. 
Introduction of the Bill
 
 
Bills are signed by the author and filed in four copies; delivered to the Secretary of the Chamber of origin 
 
A bill number is assigned by the Secretariat 
 
The bill is calendared for introduction and first reading. This is done within the first three session daysfrom the day it is filed
FIRST READING
 
 
The Secretary of the Chamber reads the bill, its number, long title, and its author(s)
Committee Referral and Action
 
 
The presiding officer of the session refers the bill to the appropriate committee 
 
The committee schedules and conducts meetings and public hearings; reports the consolidated bills onthe same subject or the substitute bill; or gives notice to the author(s) if action is unfavourable
SECOND READING
 
 
The bill goes through a second reading after which a committee report on the subject is read 
 
On the second reading, the following takes place: 
o
 
Period of Debate: Sponsorship Speech; Interpellation; Turno en Contra 
o
 
Period of Amendments: Committee Amendments; Individual Amendments 
o
 
Voting, which may be by viva voce; raising of hands; division of the house; nominal or roll call
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