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Deuteronomy Introduction

Deuteronomy Introduction

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Published by: Christian Believers' Assembly Borivali on Aug 24, 2010
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06/16/2011

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D
EUTERONOMY 
I
NTRODUCTION
 
 A 
UTHORSHIP
 
Despite form criticism theories of the eighteenth century Rationalists, Jesus Himself identified Moses as its author so end of argument! (Matt.19:7, 8; Mark. 10:3, 4; John 5:46, 47).Other Old Testament books also assert the Mosaic authorship of Deuteronomy (1 Kings 2:3; 8:53; 2 Kings 14:6; 18:6, 12). Jesus Christbelieved Moses wrote Deuteronomy (Matt. 19:7-8; Mark 10:3-5; 12:19; John 5:46-47) as did the Apostle Peter (Acts 3:22), Stephen (Acts 7:37-38),Paul (Rom. 10:19; 1 Cor. 9:9), and the author of the Epistle to theHebrews (Heb. 10:28). The form in which Moses wrote Deuteronomy is very similar to that of ancient Near Eastern suzerainty-vassal treaties dating before and during the Mosaic era. This structural evidence confirms an early date of composition.3
1
 
D
 ATE
 
 Around the 15
th
Century B.C.
N
 AME
 
 The book has four Jewish titles. The first is ―these be the words …‖ (1:1).
It is derived from the first two words of the original (Heb
˒
ē
lehhadbar
 ī 
m). The second Jewish title is ―Fifth,‖ or the fifth part of the Law,
Deuteronomy being the fifth book in the Pentateuch. The third Jewish
1 See Meredith G. Kline, Treaty of the Great King.
 
name is ―the book of reproofs,‖ because there are so many admonitions init. The fourth Jewish name is ―iteration of the Law.‖
2
 The Septuagint title is ―Deuteronomion,‖ which means ―second law.‖ Our
English version transliterates the Greek; as a result we have Deuteronomy.
 Therefore, Deuteronomy’s title comes from the fourth Jewish name,―iteration of the Law.‖
3
EY 
 V 
ERSE
 
“Behold, I set before you this day a blessing and a curse; A blessing,
if ye obey the commandments of the Lord your God, which I command you this day: And a curse, if ye will not obey the commandments of the Lord your God, but turn aside out of the way which I command you this day, to go after other gods, which ye 
have not known” (Deuteronomy 11:26– 
28).
 The Greek title of the book ―Deuteronomy‖ comes from the LXX 
translation chapter 17:18
“And it shall be, when he sitteth upon the th 
rone of his kingdom,that he shall write him a copy of this law in a book out of that which 
is before the priests the Levites” 
LXX reads,
“this repetition of the law” 
 
Deuteronomy means ―second law‖ but the Hebrew title is the first line―These are the Words‖ in keeping with the Hebrew custom of often titling 
a book by its first words.
2
KJV Bible commentary. 1997, c1994 (Dt 1:1). Nashville: Thomas Nelson.
3
KJV Bible commentary. 1997, c1994 (Dt 1:1). Nashville: Thomas Nelson.
 
 T
HE
P
 ALESTINIAN
C
OVENANT
 
“These are the words of the covenant, which the LORD 
commanded Moses to make with the children of Israel in the land of  Moab, beside the covenan 
t which he made with them in Horeb.” 
(Deuteronomy 29:1) 
Here we are told of another covenant made apart from the covenant of the law made at Sinai. This is known as the Palestinian Covenant. Although Abraham was given the land unconditionally, Israel were toenter it conditional upon their obedience to the law. The keeping of the Sabbath was a symbol that verified the Palestiniancovenant.
 T
HEMES
 
 The book of Deuteronomy is not a mere repetition and summary of themost important laws and events contained in previous books. Nor is itmerely a second copy of the Law intended for the people who did notknow the Law. The book of Deuteronomy is an oration by Moses whereinhe describes, explains, and seeks to reinforce the most essential contentsof the covenant revelation, including its laws, so that the people mightunderstand the spiritual principles of the Law for their well-being.4Moses did not merely repeat the law for no Scripture is vain repetition. Itdiffers from the other book of the Pentateuch in that there is littlenarrative. It comprises of three messages delivered by Moses before hedied.Moses omits mention of the Tabernacle, the Priesthood and offerings, thelaws of sacrifice, and the three annual feasts, the Passover, Pentecost and Tabernacles.
4
KJV Bible commentary. 1997, c1994 (Dt 1:1). Nashville: Thomas Nelson.

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