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skripsi b. inggris

skripsi b. inggris

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Published by Farid Agung

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Farid Agung on Aug 24, 2010
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04/25/2014

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THE EFFECTIVENESS OF SONG AND RHYME IN TEACHING PRONUNCIATION TO THE THIRD GRADEOF MTSN 1 PURWARKARTA(A True Experimental Research Done in Third Grade of MTsN 1 Purwakarta)A PAPERSubmitted to the English Education Study Program Departement of Language and ArtSEKOLAH TINGGI KEGURUAN DAN ILMU PENDIDIKAN (STKIP) Pasundan Cimahi in PartialFulfillment of Requirements for the Educational Scholar Degree.Written By:Agung Farid Agustian(05510024)CHAPTER IINTRODUCTION1.1 BackgroundLanguage is what the members of particular society speak and the society in thepresent time use English in most aspect of life (Wardhaugh, 1992:1). Mastering English is now a challenge for majority of people. It is because of fast transferring of culture which accelerates the development in every aspect of life, including the use of English as one of the main important language. Indonesian students are aware of the importance of English. As one of most applying language, because English language is the most used in communication. And for those who wantto master English, the purpose of language itself is how to send message to others in purpose of communication.In school and in life, students face a many of circumstances that require language skills especially in communicating with others. For this reason, experience with a variety of speaking activities in school can help learners acquire the skills they need to be successful both in school and in life. Many language learners regard communication ability as the measure of knowing a language. These learners define fluency as the ability to converse with others, much more than the ability to read, write, or comprehend oral language. They regard speaking as the most important skill they can acquire, and they assess their progress in terms oftheir accomplishments in spoken communication. There are three areas of knowledge of communication using English language:Mechanics (pronunciation, grammar, and vocabulary): Using the right words in theright order with the correct pronunciationFunctions (transaction and interaction): Knowing when clarity of message is essential (transaction/information exchange) and when precise understanding is not required (interaction/relationship building)Social and cultural rules and norms (turn-taking, rate of speech, length of pauses between speakers, relative roles of participants): Understanding how to takeinto account who is speaking to whom, in what circumstances, about what, and for
 
what reason. (A journal of The National Capital Language Resource Center, Washington, DC, 2004)In discussing the English pronunciation one of main focus is we may want to describe what people do when they are speaking English for communication. Speech isnot the same as written language because voice has characteristics that probablycarry extra message.Pronunciation has been taught for years in kindergarten to high level of education such as university. But what we concerned is that pronunciation highly related with the ability of the teachers in performing language and not every non native English teacher can do exactly or imitate native sounds. The concept of misspronounces is a very confusing topic, because it is deal with deviate usage of Standard English pronunciation. Other problems regarding this issue is the pronunciation teaching strategies or technique and pronunciation has no position in our system of teaching English because as we know that pronunciation is integratedwithin the system.In classroom activity, we met many obstacles when teachers try to communicate with their students. Ranging from the lack vocabulary mastery, lacking of grammatical mastery and processes in speech, and miss pronouncing words that are show bythe students. Young students have short concentration, spans that last for about eight minutes. This is extended if the student is very interested in somethingbut, in general, activities in the classroom should only last for that period of time (Wei, 2002:1). There is a constant need to change the focus in a lesson,to add variety both in terms of the different learning styles you are catering for, as well as the different skills you are practicing in the class. Songs are fun and they add variety to language learning.The term ‘word’ is part of everyone’s vocabulary. Words as meaningful building-blocksof language and words pronunciation are like a golden key to speaking and understanding English. If you do not already know about English pronunciation, you cantry to learn about it. And through song, this is one of my opinions the best ways for you to understand spoken English. And this research comes to meet their needs. It is serves and offers wide knowledge which is useful and also encouragestheir capability to communicate very well.People often remember the words to songs. In fact, this particular learning process is almost a subconscious act. We hear songs on the radio, on television andCDs, and by listening to them and we learn the words and how to pronounce it. Itseems that the melody and rhythm make it possible for us to easily remember thewords of songs: we memorize large amounts of words and how to pronounce them that in normal conditions we would not remember. Learning songs is, therefore a great way for students to learn the patterns of English language.When non-native speakers sing a song in English, their accent is often noticeable as when they speak (A journal by Rosseau Stannard, 2006, www.tefl.org/journal/techniques). The intonation and stress patterns in songs are easier to understand and replicate due to the rhythm and melody, and this often results in better pronunciation. With songs, often repeat the sounds at the end of certain lines sothat the words rhyme. This can be a powerful way of highlighting the similarities in the sounds of words and help improve students’ pronunciation and an excellent way of improving students’ stress and intonation patterns in English.By creating or collecting or adding our own words or lyrics to a well known andfamous English song picked by students and teacher is SONGS AND RHYMES definition. Each song or rhyme should be thought of as an enjoyable piece of verse in itsown right. The learner
 
s attention should be spontaneously drawn to the use oflanguage in them and to its expressiveness. The rhymes and songs are intended tobe enjoyed for their own sake, even if some of them have specially been composed for drilling structures or vocabulary and can be used in remedial work on pronunciation with learners of all ages. The teacher need not make the young children aware of these particular aims, although it is sometimes necessary to tell theolder learners what they are practicing and what results they are supposed to achieve (A journal by Dorota Cebula, IATEFL, Darwin College, University of Kent,Canterbury, Kent).The writer is very interested with this issue, because in terms of communication
 
pronunciation holds a major role to send messages. Pronunciation refers to theway a word or a language is usually spoken, or the manner in which someone utters a word. In English, the language put a big force (stress) on some syllables and no force on other syllables or words. This can make it difficult for speakersof other languages to understand English that is spoken quickly. Of course, fornative speakers it is not difficult, in fact, stress actually helps native speakers understand each other. So it is very important to learn how to pronounce English word correctly and with Song and Rhyme the writer hopes that pronunciationproblem faced by the students can be solved.1.2 Problem Statements1.2.1 How effective the method in helping the third grade students in pronouncing word.1.2.2 How significant the differences of students pronunciation before and aftertreatment1.3 Aim of the Research1.3.1 To know the effectiveness of Song and Rhyme method in teaching pronunciation.1.3.2 To know the significant difference of students pronunciation before and after treatment1.4 HypothesesHypothesis: A testable statement usually derived from theory or observation, which predicts the nature of the relationship between variables, or the nature of differences between treatment results (P. Hinton, 2004).1.4.1 Null Hypothesis (H0): There is no significant difference between the meanperformance scores of the experimental and control group.1.4.2 Alternative Hypothesis (Ha): There is a significant difference between themean performance scores of the experimental and control group1.5 Limitation of the TopicThe writer limits the topic only on effectiveness of the method in teaching words pronunciation in helping students’ pronunciation. The songs and rhymes in this research are from American and British artist/singer, and every issue outside thetopic is outside the writer concern.1.6 The Benefit of the Study1.6.1 Students can memorize large amounts of words and how to pronounce them1.6.2 Improving students’ pronunciation patterns in English.1.6.3 Solving the pronunciation problem in EFL classroom.1.6.4 Providing the learner with motivating practice of pronunciation1.7 Research Methodology1.7.1 Research DesignThe writer applied an experimental approach in this research. An experiment approach is just one method, amongst many gathering and the aim is to test ahypothesis (A. Kerr, H. Kall and A. Kozub, 2002:40)1.7.2 PopulationsPopulation refers to all possible objects of particular type. And the populations are taken from the second grade of MTSN 1 Purwakarta with 266 students rangingfrom A to G class.1.7.3 SamplesSample refers to representative of the population. The total samples are 38 students of A class as experimental group and 38 students of B class as control group students with random sample (P. Hinton, 2004). There are two groups. Experimental group: A group of participant which receive treatment. Where there is onlyone experimental condition the group is compared with control group. Control group: A group of participants in an experiment which is used for comparison withthe experimental group. The control group experiences exactly the same conditio

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dapatkan skripsi gratis lengkap dari cover hingga daftar pustaka.klik www.skripsigratis.0fees.net, sangat cocok untuk anda yang sedang menyusun skripsi
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