"The termination shock is where the solar wind, a thin stream of electrically charged gas blowing continuouslyoutward from the Sun, is slowed by pressure from gas between the stars. At the termination shock, the solar wind slowsabruptly from its average speed of 300 to 700 km per second and becomes denser and hotter."
(2)It is now thought that the craft is at last moving through the Heliosheath area beyond that, at a distance of 8.7 billionmiles. It is moving through an area of denser particles, and Voyager has detected a stronger magnetic field carried bythe solar wind in this region:
"The strongest evidence that Voyager 1 has passed through the termination shock into the slower, denser wind beyond is its measurement of an increase in the strength of the magnetic field carried by the solar wind and the inferred decrease in its speed. Physically, this must happen whenever the solar wind slows down, as it does at the termination shock... In December 2004, Voyager 1 observed the magnetic field strength increasing by a factor of two and a half, asexpected when the solar wind slows down. The magnetic field has remained at these high levels from December until now. An increase in the magnetic field intensity of about 1.7 times was seen at the time of the event announced in2003."
(2)The magnetic field of the Solar System is over twice as strong in the vicinity of the Termination Shock, and other morecomplex effects have been inferred from the data detected by the remarkable Voyager 1spacecraft:
"Voyager 1 also observed an increase in the number of high-speed electrically charged electrons and ions and a burst of plasma wave noisebefore the shock. This would be expected if Voyager 1 passed thetermination shock. The shock naturally accelerates electrically charged particles that bounce back and forth between the fast and slow windson opposite sides of the shock, and these particles can generate plasma waves."