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Theory of Precession.walter Cruttenden

Theory of Precession.walter Cruttenden

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Published by: mbooboo on Aug 25, 2010
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 Researchers at BRI have noticed a number of problems related to the current theory of  precession. While VLBI, laser ranging and other related technologies do a good job atdetermining the earth’s orientation, the sun’s movement through space has not beencoordinated with these findings resulting in unintentional bias of precession inputs. Inexamining the phenomenon of precession of the equinox (which was the original impetusfor the development of lunisolar precession theory) we have found that a binary orbit motionof our sun and solar system is a simpler way to reproduce the same observable without anyof the problems associated with current precession theory. Indeed, elliptical orbit equationshave been found to be a better predictor of precession rates than Newcomb's formula,showing about ten times greater accuracy over the last hundred years. Moreover, a binaryorbit motion of our sun provides a solution to a number of solar system formation theoryenigmas including angular momentum. For these reasons, BRI has concluded our sun ismost likely part of a long cycle binary system.A binary system is two stars gravitationally bound orbiting a common center of mass. Thestars can be of the same or differing sizes and orbits can be as short as a few days or as longas thousands of years. The short ones are easy to detect, the long ones difficult, some probably impossible to detect because of the very long observation period required.While there is no obvious visible companion star to our Sun, there could be a dark binary,such as a brown dwarf or possibly a relatively small black hole, either of which might bevery difficult to detect, without accurate and lengthy analysis.There is also the possibility that our sun might be in a binary or complex gravitational
relationship with one of several nearby “visible” stars. This scenario may require thinking beyond standard Newtonian dynamics to embrace MOND or MOG or some similar theory(that suggests that the constant of G might be stronger between stellar objects or in big spacethan between planetary objects within the solar system). This approach to viewing stellar relationships in the galaxy, and galactic relationships in the universe, might also solvecertain problems that presently require the invocation of dark matter or dark energy. Thereare a number of possibilities within the visible star scenario that seem to have some supportin certain myth and folklore (I have speculated on a few in my book “Lost Star of Myth andTime”) but at this point our work is principally focused on precession, rather thanidentifying the object that shares the common center of mass, that indirectly causes the solar system’s reorientation to space a.k.a. the precession observable.Beyond direct detection – one way to determine if we are in a binary system is to see if theSun is curving through space. To us on Earth that means we should experience a gradual“changing orientation to inertial space.” Such a phenomenon is observed as the precessionof the equinox. Precession of the Equinox is the age-old phenomenon whereby an observer on Earth willnotice that after one year (solar, tropical, equinoctial), he will not realign with the exactsame point relative to the distant stars. From two to four thousand years ago observers onEarth noticed that the sun on the vernal equinox aligned with the constellation Aries, and inthe last few thousand years with Pisces. Now as many know, we are at the "dawning of theage of Aquarius", meaning the sun on the vernal equinox is close to aligning with theconstellation of Aquarius. This apparent backward motion of the stars (at the time of theequinox) is the precession of the equinox – whereby the equinoctial point slowly recedesthrough the 12 constellations of the Zodiac at the present rate of about 1 degree per 71.6years. If this rate were constant it would take about 25,700 to 25,800 years to complete onefull precession of the equinox. However, the annual rate is now speeding up, meaning thecalculated length of one full cycle is getting shorter. If the observable of precession is due toan elliptical orbit of our sun around another star, as we believe, then this explains the reasonfor the variable rate of precession, and also tells us the full cycle will average somethingdifferent than 25,700 years. All our calculations lead us to believe the period will averageabout 24,000 years as will be explained in a later section of this website.
Current LuniSolar ModelThe current explanation for why we see this precession of the equinox is that the tug of the Sunand the Moon acting upon the Earth’s bulge (<1%wider at equator) causes the Earth to gyrate so thatthe pole axis slowly traces a circle in the sky over about 24,000 to 26,000 years. This model,commonly seen in textbooks, mixes nutation with precession and obfuscates the fact that these are twoseparate phenomenons, one local and short induration (nutation) and one non-local and very longin duration (precession).The Lunisolor Precession theory was originallydeveloped before there was any formal knowledge of binary stars or their motions, and before there was any recognition that the solar system might be moving, While this theory isa good first attempt at explaining the observed phenomenon (within a static solar system), itrelies on certain untested assumptions concerning the composition and stability of theearth’s core and the moon’s solidity, and has had to modified a number of times over theyears to get the calculation to fit the ever changing observable. Most astronomers do not payattention to precession theory and consider these changes to be minor tweaks but they areactually telltale signs of the problems with current theory.Another problem with current theory is the moon is thought to be the principal force actingupon the oblate earth. However, the moon is slowly receding from the earth (therebytheoretically producing less torque) whereas the precession rate is slowly speeding up (anindication of a greater force at work). Few are aware of the changing rate of precession thuslittle attention has been paid to the fact that the observable seems to contradict the theoryconcerning the forces at work. To date, this issue has not been addressed in the literature.And of course the biggest failure of the current lunisolar theory is it makes no allowance for the different reference frames (a moving solar system versus fixed stars) and therefore

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