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Google Earth and Arcgis Explorer

Google Earth and Arcgis Explorer

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Published by rin2rajan

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Published by: rin2rajan on Aug 25, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Aim: Case Study on “Google Earth”.
Google Earth
is avirtual globe,mapandgeographicinformation program that was originally called Earth Viewer in 3D, and was created byKeyhole, Inc, a companyacquired byGooglein 2004. It maps the Earth by thesuperimpositionof images obtained fromsatellite imagery,aerial photographyandGIS3Dglobe. It is available under three different licenses: Google Earth, a free version with limited functionality; Google EarthPlus (discontinued), which included additional features; and Google Earth Pro ($400 per year), which is intended for commercial use.
Figure 1.1
Google Earth
Google Earth displays satellite images of varying resolution of the Earth's surface,allowing users to see things like cities and houses looking perpendicularly down or atanobliqueangle. The degree of resolution available is based somewhat on the points of interest and popularity, but most land (except for some islands) is covered in at least 15
meters of resolution.Melbourne, Victoria, Australia;Las Vegas, Nevada; and Cambridge include examples of the highest resolution, at 15 cm (6 inches). Google Earth allowsusers to search for addresses for some countries, enter coordinates, or simply use themouse to browse to a location.For large parts of the surface of the Earth only 2D images are available, fromalmost vertical photography. Viewing this from an oblique angle, there is perspective inthe sense that objects which are horizontally far away are seen smaller, but of course it islike viewing a large photograph, not quite like a 3D view.For other parts of the surface of the Earth 3D images of terrain and buildings areavailable. Google Earth usesdigital elevation model(DEM) data collected by NASA'sShuttle Radar Topography Mission(SRTM). This means one can view theGrand Canyonor Mount Everestin threedimensions, instead of 2D like other areas. Since November 2006, the 3D views of many mountains, including Mount Everest, have been improved by the use of supplementary DEM data to fill the gaps in SRTM coverage.
Figure 1.2 
Spain has gone 3D on Google earth. This is the 3D view of Spain as how it looks like.
 Google Earth is able to show all kinds of images overlaid on the surface of theearth and is also aWeb Map Serviceclient. Google Earth supports managing three-dimensionalGeospatialdata throughKeyhole Markup Language(KML). Many buildings and structures from around the world now have detailed 3D structures; including (but notlimited to) those in the United States, Canada, Australia, Ireland, India, Japan, United
Kingdom, Germany,Pakistanand the cities,AmsterdamandAlexandria. In August 2007,Hamburgbecame the first city entirely shown in 3D, including textures such asfaçades. Three-dimensional renderings are available for certain buildings and structuresaround the world via Google's 3D Warehouse and other websites.Recently, Google added a feature that allows users to monitor traffic speeds atloops located every 200 yards in real-time. In version 4.3 released on April 15,2008,Google Street Viewwas fully integrated into the program allowing the program to provide an on the street level view in many locations. On January 17, 2009, the entiretyof Google Earth's ocean floor imagery was updated to new images by SIO, NOAA, US Navy, NGA, and GEBCO.
In addition to obvious uses, Google Earth is useful for many day-to-day and other  purposes.
Google Earth can be used to view areas subjected to widespread disasters if Google supplies up-to-date images. For example after the flooding inPakistan images of it were made available on August 20, 2010.
August 20, 2010

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