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Vedanta Environment Case

Vedanta Environment Case

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Vedanta Environmental issues and prohibitory orders issued by EoF Ministry of India
Vedanta Environmental issues and prohibitory orders issued by EoF Ministry of India

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Published by: Professor Sameer Kulkarni on Aug 25, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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August 16, 2010byDr N C SaxenaDr S ParasuramanDr Promode KantDr Amita BaviskarSubmitted to the
Ministry of Environment & ForestsGovernment of IndiaNew Delhi
CONTENTSExecutive summary 1Introduction 11SECTION 1: Potential Impact on the Biodiversity and Ecology of the Area 16
1.A. Ecological Profile of the Niyamgiri Hills 161.A.i. Plant Biodiversity 161.A.ii. Fauna 171.B. Status of Conservation Efforts in the Region 191.B.i. Proposed Niyamgiri Wildlife Sanctuary 211.B.ii. South Orissa Elephant Reserve 211.C. Ecological Impact of Mining on the Site 211.C.i. Tree Felling 221.C.ii. Disturbance of Wildlife 221.D. Hydrology and Hill Streams 221.D.i. Impact of Mining on Hill Streams 23
SECTION 2: Likely Physical and Economic Displacement due to the Project,Including the Resource Displacement of Forest Users 24
2.A. Dongaria Kondh and Kutia Kondh: Social Identity andLivelihoods 242.B. Effects of Mining on People 342.B.i. Dongaria Kondh and Kutia Kondh 342.B.ii. Harming the Livelihood of the Dalit Forest Dwellers 392.B.iii. The Displaced:
From Self-Sufficiency to Destitution 40
SECTION 3: Status of Implementation of the Forest Rights Act 2006 in andaround the Proposed Area of the Project 44
3.A. Forest Rights Act (FRA) 443.A.i. Correction of Historical Injustice 443.A.ii. Recognition of Kondh’ Rights in Forest Records 453.A.iii. Forest Rights 473.A.iv. Differentiation between CFR and Habitat 483.A.v. Community as Statutory Authority 493.A.vi. Procedural Clarity for Claim Filing and Verification 503.A.vii. Recognition and Verification for Displacement 513.B. Existing Village Claims 523.C. Violations of the FRA 533.C.i. Reluctance to Recognize Community Claims forthe PML Area 54ii
3.C.ii. Informed Consent 563.C.iii. Denial of Claims 573.C.iv. Representations on Claims to the Committee 583.C.iv.1. Kendubardi in Lanjhigarh Gram Panchayat 593.C.iv.2. Dongaria Kondh of the Parsali GP 603.C.v. Administrative Resistance to Implementing FRA 613.C.vi. Administrative Non-Compliance to FRA 623.C.vii. Violations under PESA 63
SECTION 4: Compliance with Other Relevant Mandates 65
4.A. Illegal Occupation of Forest Land by Existing Refinery 664.A.i. Concealment and Falsification of Information 674.A.ii. Illegal Occupation 674.A.iii. Use of Bauxite from Mines without EnvironmentalClearance 714.B. Other Violations of the Forest Conservation Act 714.B.i. Construction of Four-Wheel Approach Road 724.B.ii. Construction of Conveyor Corridor 724.C. Non-compliance with the Orissa Forest Act 734.D. Violations of the Environmental Protection Act 734.D.i. Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) 744.D.i.1. Inadequate Environmental Impact Assessments 75
4.D.i.2. Falsification of Information in the 2005 EIA related toMining 754.D.ii. Public Hearings 764.D.iii. Violations in Refinery Expansion 774.D.iv. Violation of Pollution Control Norms 784.D.iv.1. Water Pollution 784.D.iv.2. Impact on Groundwater and Streams 804.D.iv.3. Air Pollution 81
4.E. Contempt of Supreme Court orders 82
SECTION 5: Low Significance of the Proposed Mining Lease Area toVedanta’s Operations 83SECTION 6: Conclusions 84ANNEXURES 88

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