author’s position or theories regarding concre`te, elec-troacoustic or acousmatic music; they can be highlyspecialised or more intended to the public. Most booksreferenced here are still available and can be found firstor second hand.For articles, the references are mainly to researcharticles, often in the technological domain. A campaignhas been startedto make most of these articlesavailableonline.The Internet links are given in order to give access tointeractive analysis of music or to articles only availableonline.As a general remark it must be said that most of thereferences are in French. Except for the occasionalarticle, there is no major translation of the foundingtexts of Schaeffer, although some projects are on theirway. There is no discrimination by the authors of thisarticle towards books or articles not shown here; theambition is not to make a complete bibliography but arecommended one containing what the authors thinkare the most necessary in order to understand theevolution of the GRM and its ideas.
3. BOOKS3.1. Collections
Three collections have, through time, offered regularinformationaboutthemaintrendsorideasonwhichtheGRM was working or that other researchers contrib-uted to. After the 1950s and the 1960s, when Schaefferhimself carried on the main publishing activity, thetrend was to make collective publications on specificthemes. The three collections are as below.
(Research andMusic Notebooks)
This lasted from 1976 and 1980, some volumes includedpreviously published articles. This was an importantcollection of collective works, which became a strongreference among music teachers and researchers, sincetheybroughtthecurrentideasandprojectsoftheGRMup to date. They are quite optimistic in their views, at atime when the GRM was starting a new life through itsintegration in INA and the computer seemed to be anessentialtoolforthefuture.Forthefirsttime,thestrongconcernof the GRM in terms of teachingwasno longerrestricted to adults, but now was intended for children.Eight volumes were published, some of them stillavailableatGRMorinspecialisedlibraries.Nos2and3are difficult to find.No. 1:
Pe´ dagogie musicale d’e´ veil
, 1976 (pedagogy of music early discovery)No.2:
Le traite´ desobjetsmusicaux10ans apre`s
,1976(The Treatise of Musical Objects, 10 years later)No. 3:
Synthe´ tiseur ordinateur
, 1976 (Synthesiser– Computer)No. 4:
La musique du futura-t-elle un avenir?
, 1976 (Isthere an afterlife for the music of the future?)No. 5:
Le concert pourquoi? comment?
, 1977 (Theconcert, why? How?)No. 6:
Le pouvoir des sons
, 1978 (The power of sounds)No. 7:
, 1979(Musicalactivities)No. 8:
Hors se´ rie: Re´ pertoire acousmatique 1948– 1980
, 1980 (Acousmatic repertoire, 1948–1980, spe-cial volume)
3.1.2. Bibliothe`que de Recherche Musicale
This is in a way the continuation of the Notebooks; itwas directed by Franc¸ois Delalande from 1982, and hasproduced several classics regarding ‘musique concre`te’,pedagogy,musical analysis and sociology of music.ThecollectionwaspublishedbytheINA/GRMandBuchet-Chastel in Paris.
L’enfant du sonore au musical
by Ce´leste, Delalande,Dumaurier (The child, from sound to music)First printed in 1982, reprinted in 1996, it studies theways children experience sound and later music.
L’Envers d’une Oeuvre
by Mion, Nattiez, Thomas (Aworkupsidedown,ananalysisof
of Bernard Parmegiani)Acompleteanalysisof
withthreedifferent points of view. Printed in 1982.
Guide des Objets Sonores
by Michel Chion (A Guideto Musical Objects)Acomprehensiveexplanationofthe
Traite´ des ObjetsMusicaux
of Pierre Schaeffer, where all the concepts of the Treatise are explained and analysed; an essentialbook for understanding Schaeffer’s ideas. An Englishtranslationisbeingpreparedandshouldbeaccessiblein2008. First printed in 1983, reprinted in 1995.
La musique est un jeu d’enfant
by Franc¸ois Delalande(Music is a child’s game).One of the great classics in musical pedagogy,showing how the attitude of children when exploringthe sounding world is very similar to electroacousticmusicians attitudes and how pedagogy can be built onthese premises. First printed in 1984, reprinted in 1990,1994, 1996, 2001, 2003. Spanish translation: BuenosAires, Ricordi Americana, 1995, 2001. Italian transla-tion: Milan, FrancoAngeli, 2001, reprinted four times.
Musique acousmatique, propositions … positions
byFranc¸ois Bayle (Acousmatic Music, propositions …positions)Important book in which Franc¸ois Bayle givesinsights into his concepts and music. Printed in 1993.
‘Il faut eˆ tre constamment un immigre´ ’, entretiens avecXenakis
by Franc¸ois Delalande (‘One has to constantlybe an immigrant’, discussions with Franc¸ois Delalande)
Yann Geslin and Daniel Teruggi