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A Government is the Organization

A Government is the Organization

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Published by sise1

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Published by: sise1 on Aug 25, 2010
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08/25/2010

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A
government
is theorganization, or agency through which a political unit exercises itsauthority, controls and administers public policy, and directs and controls the actions of itsmembers or subjects.Typically, the term "government" refers to acivil governmentor sovereign statewhich can be either local, national, or international. However,commercial, academic,religious, or other  formal organizations are also governed by internal bodies. Such bodies may be called boards of directors, managers, or governorsor they may be known as the administration (as in schools) or  councils of elders(as in forest). The size of governments can vary by region or purpose.Growth of an organization advances thecomplexityof its government, therefore small towns or small-to-medium privately operated enterprises will have fewer officials than typically larger organizations such as multinational corporations which tend to have multiple interlocking,hierarchicallayers of administration and governance. As complexity increases and the nature of governance becomes more complicated, so does the need for formal policies and procedures.
Types of government
y
 
Anarchism- a political philosophywhich considers thestateto be unnecessary, harmful, or otherwise undesirable, and favors instead astateless society 
y
 
Authoritarian± Authoritarian governments are characterized by an emphasis on theauthority of the state in a republic or union. It is a political system controlled bynonelected rulers who usually permit some degree of individual freedom.
y
 
C
onstitutional monarchy± A government that has amonarch, but one whose powers are limited by law or by a formal constitution. Example:United Kingdom
[2][3]
 
y
 
C
onstitutional republic± A government whose powers are limited by law or a formalconstitution, and which is chosen by a vote amongst at least some sections of the populace (Ancient Sparta was in its own terms a republic, though most inhabitants weredisenfranchised; The early United States was a republic, but the large numbers of slavesdid not have the vote). Republics which exclude sections of the populace from participation will typically claim to represent all citizens (by defining people without thevote as "non-citizens").
y
 
D
emocracy± Rule by a government (usually a
C
onstitutional Republic or 
C
onstitutionalMonarchy) chosen by election where most of the populace are enfranchised. The keydistinction between a democracy and other forms of constitutional government is usuallytaken to be that the right to vote is not limited by a person's wealth or race (the mainqualification for enfranchisement is usually having reached a certain age). A
D
emocraticgovernment is therefore one supported (at least at the time of the election) by amajority of the populace (provided the election was held fairly). A "majority" may be defined indifferent ways. There are many "power-sharing" (usually in countries where peoplemainly identify themselves by race or religion) or "electoral-college" or "constituency"systems where the government is not chosen by a simple one-vote-per-person headcount.
y
 
D
ictatorship± Rule by an individual who has full power over the country. The term mayrefer to a system where the
D
ictator came to power, and holds it, purely by force - but italso includes systems where the
D
ictator first came to power legitimately but then was

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