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Assorted test questions on Sedimentology

Assorted test questions on Sedimentology

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A large word file with reasonably large number of questions are made available for aspiring candidates to make use of to prepare for tests.
A large word file with reasonably large number of questions are made available for aspiring candidates to make use of to prepare for tests.

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Dr.Thrivikramji.K.P. on Aug 25, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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SEDIMENTOLOGY1. Write notes on any four of the following:-1. fining upward sequence2. upperflow regime3. chemogenous sediments4. tectonic arkose5. geochemical evironment6. textural maturity7. derived properties of sediments(1) Cementation patterns in sand stones.(2) Origin of chert.(3) Heavy minerals groups.(4) Mineral maturity.(5) Classification of lime stones.(6) Evaporates. 1. Evaporates.2. Mineral and chemical composition of mud rocks.3. Origin of chert.4. Primary and secondary dolomites.5. Fundamentals of fluid flow.6. Heavy mineral groups. 1. Give a concise account of the biogenic sedimentary structures.2. Explain the mineral stability.3. Write notes on the origin of Chert.4. Enumerate the various sedimentary environments.5. Describe the textures of the sedimentary rocks.6. Write notes on the provenance.1. Describe the importance of the study of shape of fragments to decipher the history of deposit.2. Explain the term "Mineral maturity".3. Define lithification and Diagenesis. Briefly analyze their role in sedimentation.4. Give an account of the fresh water carbonate deposits.5. Briefly describe the mineralogy and origin of phosphates.6. Give an account of the cementation patterns in sandstones.1. What are evaporates ? State how they are formed.2. What is meant by mineral stability ? Explain the mineral stability series.3. Describe the biogenic sedimentary structures.4. Give a brief account of the methods of separation of heavy minerals, bringing out their significance.5. Define Porosity and Permeability. State their importance during sedimentation.6. Give a brief account of the non-classic textures.1. Define the terms "lithification and diagenesis". Explain briefly the diagenetic process in limestones.2. Give an account of sedimentary facies and environment.3. Write a note on the origin of chert.4. Describe the distinguish between Arkose and Graywacke.5. Define the "mineralogical maturity".6. Describe the mechanism of dolomitisation. Add a note on the detrital dolomite anddedolomitisation.
a. Sediment movement by fluid flow.b. Biogenic sedimentary structures.c. Heavy mineral groups.d. Cyclic sediments.e. Primary and secondary dolomites.f. Cementation patterns in sandstones.i) The origin of the Chert.(ii) Shape and roundness.(iii) Distinguish between cross bedding and graded bedding.(iv) Distinguish between suspension load and traction load.(v) Evaporates and their formation.(vi) Primary and secondary dolomite10.Answer any five of the followinga. Origin and uses of graded beddingb. Formation and Manganese nodules and their importance.c. Walther's law of succession of faciesd. Flow regime concept.e. Bouma sequence.f. Stylolites.a. Biogenic sedimentary structuresb. Diagenetic processes in limestonesc. Compaction of mud rocks and porosityd. Skewness and kurtosise. Fresh-water carbonatesa. Intrastratl solutionb. Heavy mineral separationc. Walther's law of succession of faciesd. Cross stratification.e. Lebespurenf. Provenance.a. Pelagic depositsb. Primary dolomitec. Goldich's stability seriesd. ZTR indexe. Intrastratal solutionf. Shape of clastic grainsa. Plaeocurrent analysisb. Biogenic sedimentary structuresc. Permeability analysisd. Sorting coefficiente. Turbidity currentsf. Lr. Flow regime2.a. Diagenetic mineralsb. Turbidites and Bouma sequencec. Grade scaled. Stokes lawe. Mn- nodules
f. Residual depositsg. Flow regime concept.f. Economic sedimentologya. Fining upward sequenceb. Upper flow regimec. Chemogenous sedimentsd. Tectonic arkosee. Geochemical environmentf. Textural maturityg. Derived properties of sedimentsf. Skewness a. What are evaporites? State how they are formedb. What is mineral stability? Explain the mineral stability seriesc. Describe biogenic sedimentary structuresd. Methods of separation of heavy mineralse. Define Porosity and permeability. State their importance during sedimentation.f. Give an account of non-clastic textures.a. What are evaporites ? State how they are formed.b. What is meant by mineral stability ? Explain the mineral stability series.c. Describe the biogenic sedimentary structuresd. Give a brief account of the methods of separation of heavy minerals,bringing out their significance.e. Define porosity and permeability. State their importance during sedimentation.f. Give a brief account of the non-clastic textures.Write explanatory notes on the following a. Wentworth Grade Scaleb. Oolitic texturec. Size analysis andd. Intrastratal solution.a. Dune and antiduneb. Mud rocks.c. Evaporited. Chemical cemente. Environmental parameters.f. Orogenic sediments.g. Carbonaceous sediments.write notes on:a. Heavy mineral study.b. Size and shape of grains.c. Sedimentary facies.11.Give an account of the sedimentary structures. Write an essay on the mechanical analysis of detrital sediments.Write an essay on sedimentary structures.Give the recent classification of limestones and add a note on fresh water carbonatedeposits.

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