When we have small sample size (n < 30), and population standard deviation (σ) is unknown to us. We will use:
1.µ > number (upper-tailed) 2.µ < number (lower-tailed) 3.µ= number (two-tailed)
Urban Canadians spent on average of 62.1 min- utes commuting to and from work. A chamber of commerce executive claims that the average commute time in her city is less than the Cana- dian’s average. She randomly selects 25 com- muters and ﬁnds the average commute time is 53.9 minutes with a sample standard deviation of 12.9 minutes. Atα = 0.10, test the execu- tive’s claim.
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