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Black Studies 100 Unit 1 Study Guide

Black Studies 100 Unit 1 Study Guide

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Published by dspearma

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Published by: dspearma on Aug 25, 2010
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07/10/2013

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B
LACK 
S
TUDIES
100
 
U
NIT
1
 
S
TUDY 
G
UIDE
 
EY 
T
ERMS
:
1.
 
African Diaspora2.
 
Carter G. Woodson3.
 
W.E.B. DuBois4.
 
Black Nationalism5.
 
Association for the Study of Negro Life and History6.
 
Macrus Garvey7.
 
Cultural Nationalism8.
 
Maulana Karenga9.
 
Kwanzaa10.
 
Black Panther Party for Self-Defense11.
 
Black Students Union12.
 
Miseducation13.
 
diseducation14.
 
Jim Crow15.
 
African Studies vs.
 Africana
Studies16.
 
Kerner Commission Report17.
 
Students for a Democratic Society18.
 
social justice19.
 
intellectual
What is “Black Studies?” 
1.
 
Black Studies is the generic term for the reform movement and emerging discipline whichcritically and systematically:a.
 
celebrates the discovery, recording, teaching, learning and utilization of knowledge aboutAfrican heritage, the African American experience and
 African Diaspora
experienceb.
 
Seeks initiatives for Black community development.2.
 
Core Values:
 a.
 
underlying social mission requires the practical application of theory to methodology and thewedding of knowledge to activism toward the resolution of Black community issues.b.
 
no other discipline in the academy so closely aligned with social protest, student activism,and violence as Black Studies3.
 
 African Studies
: The purpose of (in Cold War Climate) was to train experts for governmentand business and for teaching about Africa. These programs, though limited in number incontrast to the Black Studies programs. 
Origins of Black Studies
1.
 
Black Studies traced to Africa from captivity and the Middle Passagea.
 
both in and outside the academy.b.
 
three prongs:
 
i.
 
the discovery, assembling and disseminating of factual historical data pertaining to whatBlack people have undergone and achieved;ii.
 
the use of education and knowledge to defend and vindicate the race against its detractorsiii.
 
the production and application of prescriptive concepts, theories, programs andmovements aimed at resolving or alleviating Black group problems.2.
 
Military draft into the war in Vietnam, and in part as a result of a system of “tracking” Black andpoor students into schools for vocational education, as opposed to the liberal arts.3.
 
Precipitous decline in enrollment of Black students partly explains the multiracial coalition of students who would join together in a student strike.4.
 
students viewed the formation of a Black Studies department as a remedy for an Americaneducational system and culture bent on exclusion5.
 
larger context had to do with a special program the university had instituted to try to recruitinner-city Black students to the campus.6.
 
Unintended Consequences of 
Jim Crow
 a.
 
A sense of security about identity and a strong measure of group solidarity.b.
 
Black schools, churches, and voluntary associations, produced and reinforced anachievement-oriented middle-class personality typec.
 
Successful Black men and women role models were in close proximity 7.
 
Black Nationalism a.
 
1960s many California-based radical organizations asserted themselvesi.
 
Black Panther Party,ii.
 
Students for a Democratic Society,iii.
 
Peace and Freedom Partyb.
 
Karenga’s cultural nationalist theories, inspired by Negritude, African nationalism, the ThirdWorld and African Studies as an academic discipline in the United States.c.
 
Black nationalisms have been defined by a relationship to a dominant or notable area of emphasis: politics, economics, culture, and religion8.
 
Demands for what came to be called Black Studies seem to have simultaneously emerged withinabout a four-year period, 1965-1969, in different locations in the United States. 9.
 
Contributions of Black womena.
 
Delores Aldridge's ground breaking work resulted in the launching, in 1970, of EmoryUniversity's African American and African Studies B.A. program in Atlanta,the first sucheffort in the South.b.
 
Carlene Young was instrumental in implementing a Master of Arts degree offering inAfrican American Studies at California's San Jose State University in 1970.c.
 
Maxwell Roddy was responsible for organizing and convening the first national meeting of scholars to design a national organizational structure of Black Studies.d.
 
Later Black Women's studies would become an integral part of Black Studies10.
 
HBCUs which lacked a Black Studies program also lacked a cadre of activist students, facultyand staff 
 Significance of Black Studies
1.
 
"What can you do with Black Studies?"
 
a.
 
Broad range of applicable fieldsb.
 
diplomatic, administrative, consultative, organizing, publishing, entrepreneurial,preservationist and archival services and enterprises,2.
 
Premature to make judgments and conclusions about the relatively young field of Black Studies3.
 
Reasons to became an intellectual : a.
 
talk back to suffering-and if possible, to relieve itb.
 
the poor, working poor, and working-class black folk I saw in my own tribe and in the ghettoneighborhoods I lived in – there were the people who suffered because of the skin or classinto which they were born, or the way they had sex, or the way they thought about itc.
 
there are the folk on whom brutality descends because of their color, their native tongue,their religion, or the region of land to which their lives are staked4.
 
To Serve = To Love (Criticism of Cosby)a.
 
Love shouldn’t cancel out criticism prevent black intellectuals from publicly discussing hardtruths about black life that might embarrass or anger us.b.
 
The role of the black intellectual is to discover, uncover, and recover truth as best we canc.
 
Malcolm X: The black freedom struggle is no good without self-criticism and holding eachother morally accountable.d.
 
black intellectual's desire to tell the truth is seen by many blacks as naive and traitorous
Challenges and Critical Questions
1.
 
How do we sustain an alternative model of success such that it achieves a desired educationalimpact on a critical mass of people? 2.
 
What is the relationship between black people inside the universities and those who will nevermake it?3.
 
How can an underdeveloped group create and perpetuate an education for group liberation in asocial climate that emphasizes individual success as opposed to a group liberation ethic andvalue system?4.
 
Black Studies was established as a corrective to the disservice of European American-based,male dominated and monocultural thought and social practice. So, too, must Black Women'sStudies provide corrections and prescriptions for the patriarchy that has dominated Black womenand also restricted the more optimal development of Black Studies. The incorporation of Black Women's Studies into Black Studies is necessary for mutual intellectual, curricular, pedagogicaland practical legitimacy and advancement.5.
 
What is a responsible Black Studies research agenda, who is to set its priorities and how is it tobe carried out?6.
 
What minimum and common competencies do we value and require of those who are trained andpractice in Black Studies?7.
 
How can Black Studies be institutionalized given that most formal Black Studies programs wereborn as concessions through struggle in others' space which Black people did not control?8.
 
How can a Black Studies agenda be carried out while relying exclusively on allocations fromestablished institutional budgets?9.
 
What is the cost of legitimation and career advancement of individuals? Does institutionalization

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