the discovery, assembling and disseminating of factual historical data pertaining to whatBlack people have undergone and achieved;ii.
the use of education and knowledge to defend and vindicate the race against its detractorsiii.
the production and application of prescriptive concepts, theories, programs andmovements aimed at resolving or alleviating Black group problems.2.
Military draft into the war in Vietnam, and in part as a result of a system of “tracking” Black andpoor students into schools for vocational education, as opposed to the liberal arts.3.
Precipitous decline in enrollment of Black students partly explains the multiracial coalition of students who would join together in a student strike.4.
students viewed the formation of a Black Studies department as a remedy for an Americaneducational system and culture bent on exclusion5.
larger context had to do with a special program the university had instituted to try to recruitinner-city Black students to the campus.6.
Unintended Consequences of
A sense of security about identity and a strong measure of group solidarity.b.
Black schools, churches, and voluntary associations, produced and reinforced anachievement-oriented middle-class personality typec.
Successful Black men and women role models were in close proximity 7.
Black Nationalism a.
1960s many California-based radical organizations asserted themselvesi.
Black Panther Party,ii.
Students for a Democratic Society,iii.
Peace and Freedom Partyb.
Karenga’s cultural nationalist theories, inspired by Negritude, African nationalism, the ThirdWorld and African Studies as an academic discipline in the United States.c.
Black nationalisms have been defined by a relationship to a dominant or notable area of emphasis: politics, economics, culture, and religion8.
Demands for what came to be called Black Studies seem to have simultaneously emerged withinabout a four-year period, 1965-1969, in different locations in the United States. 9.
Contributions of Black womena.
Delores Aldridge's ground breaking work resulted in the launching, in 1970, of EmoryUniversity's African American and African Studies B.A. program in Atlanta,the first sucheffort in the South.b.
Carlene Young was instrumental in implementing a Master of Arts degree offering inAfrican American Studies at California's San Jose State University in 1970.c.
Maxwell Roddy was responsible for organizing and convening the first national meeting of scholars to design a national organizational structure of Black Studies.d.
Later Black Women's studies would become an integral part of Black Studies10.
HBCUs which lacked a Black Studies program also lacked a cadre of activist students, facultyand staff
Significance of Black Studies
"What can you do with Black Studies?"