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Magnetic High Impact Cannon coil gun http://www.DangerousBumperStickers.com

Magnetic High Impact Cannon coil gun http://www.DangerousBumperStickers.com

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Published by jcarnley2005
1http://www.DangerousBumperStickers.com

#B-16

MAGCAN1 - Magnetic High Impact Cannon
This very advanced project as shown in figure 16-1 is intended for the experienced experimenter and researcher in the field of high voltage and high energy circuitry. The magnetic cannon accelerates a projectile to high velocities with considerable kinetic energy strictly from a magnetic pulse. Not only is this project a dangerous electrical device it is also kinetically hazardous as the accelerated projectile can cause serious injury and death. Th
1http://www.DangerousBumperStickers.com

#B-16

MAGCAN1 - Magnetic High Impact Cannon
This very advanced project as shown in figure 16-1 is intended for the experienced experimenter and researcher in the field of high voltage and high energy circuitry. The magnetic cannon accelerates a projectile to high velocities with considerable kinetic energy strictly from a magnetic pulse. Not only is this project a dangerous electrical device it is also kinetically hazardous as the accelerated projectile can cause serious injury and death. Th

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: jcarnley2005 on Aug 26, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/16/2012

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 #B-16
MAGCAN1 - Magnetic High Impact Cannon
This very advanced project as shown in figure 16-1 isintended for the experienced experimenter and researcher in the field of high voltage and high energy circuitry. Themagnetic cannon accelerates a projectile to high velocitieswith considerable kinetic energy strictly from a magneticpulse. Not only is this project a dangerous electrical deviceit is also kinetically hazardous as the accelerated projectilecan cause serious injury and death. The sameconsideration given to a firearm must be maintained withthis project. A video demonstration of this device blastinglarge holes through a wall can be seen atwww.amazing1.comunder mass driver 
 
Under the correct supervision it can provides a high action science project demonstrating severalimportant electrical laws involving electro- magnetic reactions. Lenz’s law and the Lorentz JXB forcesare clearly utilized in this device.The system as shown can provide the experienced hobbyist hours of fun and entertainmentexperimenting with the impact effect on various objects.
This is an advanced level project requiring electronic skills and high voltage experience. Expect tospend $300 to $500 unless you have access to the surplus market. All parts are readily available withspecialized parts through Information Unlimited (www.amazing1.com
 
 ) and are listed in Table 16-1 at the end of the chapter 
Theory of Operation
A non magnetic conductor such as aluminum is placed in a time variant magnetic field. Inducedcurrents in the aluminum produce currents that in turn produce opposing magnetic fields now causing amoment of acceleration of the aluminum piece. In this project the aluminum piece is in the form of alarge flat washer shaped object that is the projectile. The aluminum projectile has a hole in its center with a mandrel guide that keeps it traveling in a straight line.
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The heart of this project is the accelerating coil. It must couple energy in the form of electrical currentinto the aluminum ring (projectile). Optimum efficiency is dependent on the coupling to achievemaximum projectile kinetic energy. This involves minimal proximity of the projectile to the coil along withminimal air gaps such as spacing between the wires of the coil, geometry of the coil as related to thedimensional format of the projectile. Also the inductive value of the coil as related to the storagecapacity to provide the current rise over a time period that is dependent on the physical parameters of the projectile. The associated second order differential equations that mathematically determined theseparameters are beyond the scope of this material as presented. The mathematical purist will find adeviation from that of maximum efficiency however practicality in the available size choices of materialsetc offers a cost effective compromise. An example is the use of square magnetic wire in place of conventional round stock. Square magnetic wire for the coil when properly wound will provide morekinetic energy to the projectile due to reduced air space (reluctance) however is a real “ball buster” towind and usually requires purchasing a significant amount at a healthy price..The shape and timing parameters of the coil magnetizing pulse must be related to the projectile for optimum efficiency. To fast of a current rise will cause slippage (magnetic cavitation)Note that one definite disadvantage of this method of acceleration is that the projectile is influencedover a very short length. To achieve high resultant velocities requires a very high moment of acceleration. Conventional explosives using current detonators and boosters could experiencesympathetic initiation by these high “g” accelerating forces at the time of launching.
Circuit Theory
This project as shown in figure 16-2 is constructed operating from 115 vac house hold current.
It alsocan be built to operate from 12 volts or built in batteries.
A high voltage current limited 60 Hz transformer (T20) steps up the 115 vac to 6500 vac and is rectifiedby high voltage diodes (D10-13). DC current now charges the energy storage capacitors (C10) throughisolation resistor (R20) to a programmable value as selected by the operator. It is this stored energythat is discharged into the accelerator coil (L1) as switched by the spark gap (GAP1). Once switchedinto the coil, the now rapidly rising current wave induces a current into the aluminum ring projectile(PROJ1). It is this induced current that now generates a very high magnetic moment that repels theinitial field in the accelerator coil causing a moment of intense accelerative forces. Those not familiar with this concept often ask why an aluminum ring? The answer is that a magnetic material would nowbe attracted neutralizing the repulsion.
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The initializing of the circuit commences by turning on the key switch (S2). This switch is intended tokeep unauthorized personnel from having the ability of powering up this system.The key switch controls 12 volt dc power necessary to energize relay (RE1) with normally opencontacts controlling power to the high voltage transformer (T20).The controlling system as shown consists of momentary push button switches that start the chargingaction (S4) and can stop this action via switch (S5). Trigger momentary push button switch (S3)supplies power to the trigger module (TRIG10) and firing trigger gap (GAP2) initiating the main gapGAP2 thus switching the energy from the storage capacitors C10 into the accelerator coil L1. Chargingvoltage to C10 is controlled by pot (R14). Once set, the voltage will maintain its preset level untiltriggered or readjusted. Meter (M1) indicates the charge voltage and is calibrated by trim-pot (R16).Transformer (T1) supplies 12 volt ac being rectified by diodes (D1-4), filtered by capacitor (C4) andregulated by zener diodes (Z1,2) to 12 vdc for powering the control circuits. Indicator light emittingdiode (LED1) illuminates when the key switch is energized. Indicator light emitting diode (LED2)illuminates when charging of C10 is taking place. A buzzer (BUZ1) sounds when ever there is a chargevoltage on C10. This is a safety device warning the operator that a voltage exists on the storagecapacitors. Sense voltage is obtained for the meter and charge voltage control circuit via stringresistor (R13). The safety level voltage is obtained through resistor string (R15).
Assembly Steps
1. Cut a piece of .1 x .1 grid perforated circuit board (PB1) 6 x 4 1/2". You will have to drill holesfor transformer (T1) and relay (RE1)2. Insert the components as shown in figure 16-3 starting from the lower left hand corner. Countthe perforated holes for a guide. Note the polarity marks on capacitors and diodes. It is suggested touse a sockets (SO8) for the LM741 integrated (I1).3. Wire the components as shown using the leads of the actual components as the connectionsruns. These are indicated by the dashed lines. Always avoid bare wire bridges, globby solder joints.Check for cold or loose solder joints. Note the symbols indicating wires to external components andsolder junctions beneath board.
 
4. Assembly the resistor dividers (R13,15) from seven 1.2 meg ½ watt resistors all connected inseries and sleeved into a ¼” ID flexible plastic tubing along with the connecting leads. The leadsconnected to R30 must be rated for 10 Kv. Connect in the external components using #20 vinyl
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