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Table Of Contents

INTRODUCTION: THE FAMILY
The Problem
What Is the Family: The Prewar Family
Family Law
Rural Society
What Has Changed: The Postwar Family
Family History Revised
Demographic Studies
Size of Household
Life Cycle
Structure
Methodology
Context of Study
Japan
Cross-Culture
Compiling the Meiji Civil Code
Compiling the 1948 Civil Code
The Postwar Reforms
Legitimacy and Acknowledgement
Adoption
The House and Relatives
House in the Meiji Code
Succession in the Meiji Code
Succession in the New Code
THE KOSEKI IN JAPANESE FAMILY LAW
Evolution of the Koseki System
Koseki and Family Court-Approved Adoptions
Comparative Adoption Statistics
Koseki Adoption by Location
THE FAMILY COURT
Background
Composition and Operation of the Family Court
Justice
Class A Determination
Summary
ADOPTION
Adoption as an Adjunct to Succession
Historical Adoption
Fictive Parent Child Relationsips
Tokugawa Adoption
Early Maiji Adoption
Meiji Civil Code Adoption Law
Contemporary Adoption
Postwar Civil Code Adoption Law
Questionnaire Responses
Distribution of Respondents
Distribution of Adoption by Age and Year
Distribution of Adoption by Year
Relationship between Adoptor and Adoptee
Type of Adoption by Region and City Size
Adoption by Year and Type
Birth Order of Mukoyōshi Adoptees
Adoptor’s Own Sons in Mukoyōshi Adoption
Distribution of Adoption by Sex and Type
Distribution of Family Court Adoption by Sex
SUCCESSION
Pre-Tokugawa Succession
Succession in the Tokugawa Period
Merchant Succession
Succession among Bureaucrats
Succession among Commoners
Succession Under the Meiji Civil Code
Postwar Succession
Agriculture and Family
Socioeconomic Basis of the Farm Family
Alternatives to Equal Succession
Succession Taxation
Questionnaire
Atotori for Paternal Grandparents
Atotori for Maternal Grandparents
Do Parents Need an Atotori?
Do You Need an Atotori?
GLOSSARY
BIBLIOGRAPHY
APPENDIX
P. 1
FAMILY LAW REFORM IN POSTWAR JAPAN

FAMILY LAW REFORM IN POSTWAR JAPAN

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Published by Xlibris
How does a nation, defeated in war, respond to externally imposed reforms that set that nation’s family system upside down, completely eliminating the family’s modus operandi At least that is what the elimination of family kinship and single inheritance in reforms by the Supreme Command for the Allied Powers (SCAP) in the 1948 Civil Code was meant to do.How did the Japanese respond to these reforms in Family Law that many believed would result in the destruction of the family? This study looks at succession and adoption in the years following the reform to understand how the Japanese were able to circumvent the Code and shape the family to meet their evolving needs.
How does a nation, defeated in war, respond to externally imposed reforms that set that nation’s family system upside down, completely eliminating the family’s modus operandi At least that is what the elimination of family kinship and single inheritance in reforms by the Supreme Command for the Allied Powers (SCAP) in the 1948 Civil Code was meant to do.How did the Japanese respond to these reforms in Family Law that many believed would result in the destruction of the family? This study looks at succession and adoption in the years following the reform to understand how the Japanese were able to circumvent the Code and shape the family to meet their evolving needs.

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Publish date: Aug 2010
Added to Scribd: Aug 26, 2010
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reservedISBN:9781453540251
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