On February 8, 1971, members of the Fadaian launched their first operation byattacking a police station in the village of Siahkal in the northern province of Gilan.This incident marked the emergence of armed struggle against the Shah’s government. The MKO’s leadership, surprised by the Siahkal incident, decided to expedite their plans for armed operations by organizing a spectacular bombing attack against theelectric power grids in Tehran. At this time, the government was in the midst of promoting a large-scale celebration marking 2500 years of Persian monarchy in Iran. During their efforts to acquire explosives, the MKO were infiltrated by the SAVAK security forces who tracked their activities and arrested thirty-five members of theMKO on August 23, 1971, just days before the scheduled onset of their first operation. MKO's remaining members who escaped detection by the security forces continued torecruit new members as well as carrying out a number of armed operations againstIranian government and, in particular, targeted American personnel and tourists in Iransince they regarded the U.S. support for the Shah as his Achilles Heal.There were about 40,000 American citizens and military personnel living and workingin Iran. MKO assumed that if they could stop U.S. support for the Shah, his controlover the country would collapse. During these attacks against Americans many moreIranian civilians also died (a ratio of 25 to 1).There is no doubt that the MKO is a terrorist organization and has long been on U.S.government's terrorist list. European countries have detailed records of countlessnumbers of terrorist activities, planning, and funding initiated in Europe (although nottargeting European citizens) against Iranian government officials and citizens includinga bombing that maimed current Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei. However, MKO statesthat they target civilians because that is the only way to overthrow governments in Iran by putting pressure on the people.When Nixon was supposed to visit Iran in 1972, MKO launched time bombs in morethan ten Iran-U.S. centers in Tehran where Americans and Iranians would be gatheredto welcome Nixon during his visit. These centers included: Association of Iran-US,Office of US Information, Iran-U.S. Chamber of Commerce, Offices of Pepsi Cola andGeneral Motors in Tehran. From 1972 to 1975, Mujahedin Khalq Organization continued bombings and damagedsome targets like the offices of Pan-American Airlines, Shell, Du Pont, and EDS. In 1975, U.S. State Department concluded that 4 American citizens were murdered byMKO to pressure the U.S. to stop its support for the Shah of Iran and leave the country.During the same year, there were more than 40 attacks against American tourists inIran. There were many American casualties in Iran directly contributed to MKO andthey promptly claimed credit for all at the time.