CNG is produced by compressing natural gas at 3,000 psipressure (conventional cooking gas is supplied at 25 psi pressure atthe burner). Natural gas is usually transmitted by pipelines to refuellingstations ( at 25 – 30 psi ) and compressed at a pressure of 3,000 psiwith the help of specially installed compressors to enable it to beloaded as gas cylinders for vehicles. Vehicles that are equipped withappropriate fuel conversion kits and tanks (gas cylinder) cancomfortably run on CNG.
LIQUIFIED NATURAL GAS ( LNG )
When chilled to very cold temperatures (-260°F) natural gaschanges into a liquid. In this form, liquefied natural gas (LNG) takes uponly 1/600th of the space that natural gas would in its gaseous stateand thus can be stored and transported more efficiently.LNG can be loaded onto specially built tankers (large ships withseveral domed and thermally insulated tanks) and moved across theoceans to deliver gas to other countries. When LNG is received, it iswarmed and changed back to its gaseous state. It can then be injectedinto natural gas transmission pipelines for further transportation. LNGcan also be shipped by truck or stored until it is needed forregasification and use.LNG can be very useful, particularly for the transportation of natural gas, since LNG takes up about one six hundredth the volume of gaseous natural gas.
While LNG is reasonably costly to produce,
advances in technology are reducing the costs associated with theliquification and regasification of LNG. Because it is easy to transport,LNG can serve to make economical to those stranded natural gasdeposits for which the construction of pipelines is uneconomical.