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الحركة الامازيغية بالمغرب

الحركة الامازيغية بالمغرب

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Published by abou soufiane

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Published by: abou soufiane on Aug 26, 2010
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08/25/2011

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ﺔﻓﺎﻘﺜﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻐﻠﻟﺍ ﺎﻳﺎﻀﻗ ﻦﻋ ﻊﻓﺍﺪﺗ ﻲﺘﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺴﺳﺆﻤﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺩﺍﺮﻓﻷﺍ ﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻌﻤﺠﻟﺍ ﻊﻴﻤﺟ ﺔﻴﻐﻳﺯﺎﻣﻷﺍ ﺔﻛﺮﺤﻟﺎﺑ ﺪﺼﻘﻧ ﺔﻓﺎﻘﺜﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻐﻠﻟﺍ ﺎﻳﺎﻀﻗ ﻦﻋ ﻊﻓﺍﺪﺗ ﻲﺘﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺴﺳﺆﻤﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺩﺍﺮﻓﻷﺍ ﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻌﻤﺠﻟﺍ ﻊﻴﻤﺟ ﺔﻴﻐﻳﺯﺎﻣﻷﺍ ﺔﻛﺮﺤﻟﺎﺑ ﺪﺼﻘﻧ ﺔﻓﺎﻘﺜﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻐﻠﻟﺍ ﺎﻳﺎﻀﻗ ﻦﻋ ﻊﻓﺍﺪﺗ ﻲﺘﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺴﺳﺆﻤﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺩﺍﺮﻓﻷﺍ ﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻌﻤﺠﻟﺍ ﻊﻴﻤﺟ ﺔﻴﻐﻳﺯﺎﻣﻷﺍ ﺔﻛﺮﺤﻟﺎﺑ ﺪﺼﻘﻧ ﺔﻓﺎﻘﺜﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻐﻠﻟﺍ ﺎﻳﺎﻀﻗ ﻦﻋ ﻊﻓﺍﺪﺗ ﻲﺘﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺴﺳﺆﻤﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺩﺍﺮﻓﻷﺍ ﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻌﻤﺠﻟﺍ ﻊﻴﻤﺟ ﺔﻴﻐﻳﺯﺎﻣﻷﺍ ﺔﻛﺮﺤﻟﺎﺑ ﺪﺼﻘﻧ ﺔﻴﻐﻳﺯﺎﻣﻷﺍ ﺔﻴﻐﻳﺯﺎﻣﻷﺍ ﺔﻴﻐﻳﺯﺎﻣﻷﺍ ﺔﻴﻐﻳﺯﺎﻣﻷﺍ ، ،، ،  ﻭ  ﻭﻭ  ﻭ ﺔﺳﺎﻴﺴﻟﺎﺑ ﺔﻗﻼﻋ ﻪﻟ ﺎﻣ ﻞﻛ ﻦﻋ ﺔﻠﻘﺘﺴﻣ ﻲﻫ ﺔﺳﺎﻴﺴﻟﺎﺑ ﺔﻗﻼﻋ ﻪﻟ ﺎﻣ ﻞﻛ ﻦﻋ ﺔﻠﻘﺘﺴﻣ ﻲﻫ ﺔﺳﺎﻴﺴﻟﺎﺑ ﺔﻗﻼﻋ ﻪﻟ ﺎﻣ ﻞﻛ ﻦﻋ ﺔﻠﻘﺘﺴﻣ ﻲﻫ ﺔﺳﺎﻴﺴﻟﺎﺑ ﺔﻗﻼﻋ ﻪﻟ ﺎﻣ ﻞﻛ ﻦﻋ ﺔﻠﻘﺘﺴﻣ ﻲﻫ ....ﺎﺳﻮﻤﻠﻣ ﺍﺮﻴﻴﻐﺗ ﺎﻨﻈﺣﻻ ﺓﺮﻴﺧﻷﺍ ﺕﺍﻮﻨﺴﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻪﻧﺃ ﺮﻴﻏ ﺎﺳﻮﻤﻠﻣ ﺍﺮﻴﻴﻐﺗ ﺎﻨﻈﺣﻻ ﺓﺮﻴﺧﻷﺍ ﺕﺍﻮﻨﺴﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻪﻧﺃ ﺮﻴﻏ ﺎﺳﻮﻤﻠﻣ ﺍﺮﻴﻴﻐﺗ ﺎﻨﻈﺣﻻ ﺓﺮﻴﺧﻷﺍ ﺕﺍﻮﻨﺴﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻪﻧﺃ ﺮﻴﻏ ﺎﺳﻮﻤﻠﻣ ﺍﺮﻴﻴﻐﺗ ﺎﻨﻈﺣﻻ ﺓﺮﻴﺧﻷﺍ ﺕﺍﻮﻨﺴﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻪﻧﺃ ﺮﻴﻏ ﺇ ﻲﻓﺎﻘﺛ ﻮﻫ ﺎﻤﺑ ﺔﺒﻟﺎﻄﻤﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﺖﻬﺟﻮﺗ ﺚﻴﺣ ﺔﻛﺮﺤﻟﺍ ﺭﺎﺴﻣ ﻲﻓ ﺇ ﻲﻓﺎﻘﺛ ﻮﻫ ﺎﻤﺑ ﺔﺒﻟﺎﻄﻤﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﺖﻬﺟﻮﺗ ﺚﻴﺣ ﺔﻛﺮﺤﻟﺍ ﺭﺎﺴﻣ ﻲﻓ ﺇ ﻲﻓﺎﻘﺛ ﻮﻫ ﺎﻤﺑ ﺔﺒﻟﺎﻄﻤﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﺖﻬﺟﻮﺗ ﺚﻴﺣ ﺔﻛﺮﺤﻟﺍ ﺭﺎﺴﻣ ﻲﻓ ﺇ ﻲﻓﺎﻘﺛ ﻮﻫ ﺎﻤﺑ ﺔﺒﻟﺎﻄﻤﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﺖﻬﺟﻮﺗ ﺚﻴﺣ ﺔﻛﺮﺤﻟﺍ ﺭﺎﺴﻣ ﻲﻓ ﻲﺳﺎﻴﺳ ﻮﻫ ﺎﻤﺑ ﺔﺒﻟﺎﻄﻤﻟﺍ ﻰﻟ ﻲﺳﺎﻴﺳ ﻮﻫ ﺎﻤﺑ ﺔﺒﻟﺎﻄﻤﻟﺍ ﻰﻟ ﻲﺳﺎﻴﺳ ﻮﻫ ﺎﻤﺑ ﺔﺒﻟﺎﻄﻤﻟﺍ ﻰﻟ ﻲﺳﺎﻴﺳ ﻮﻫ ﺎﻤﺑ ﺔﺒﻟﺎﻄﻤﻟﺍ ﻰﻟ .... ﺍﺫﺎﻤﻟ ﻭ؟ﻲﻓﺎﻘﺛ ﻮﻫ ﺎﻣ ﻦﻋ ﻉﺎﻔﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻫﺭﺎﺴﻣ ﻮﻫ ﺎﻣ؟ﺏﺮﻐﻤﻟﺎﺑ ﺔﻴﻐﻳﺯﺎﻣﻷﺍ ﺔﻛﺮﺤﻟﺍ ﺓﺄﺸﻧ ﻑﻭﺮﻇ ﻲﻫ ﺎﻣ ﻯﺮﺗ ﺍﺫﺎﻤﻟ ﻭ؟ﻲﻓﺎﻘﺛ ﻮﻫ ﺎﻣ ﻦﻋ ﻉﺎﻔﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻫﺭﺎﺴﻣ ﻮﻫ ﺎﻣ؟ﺏﺮﻐﻤﻟﺎﺑ ﺔﻴﻐﻳﺯﺎﻣﻷﺍ ﺔﻛﺮﺤﻟﺍ ﺓﺄﺸﻧ ﻑﻭﺮﻇ ﻲﻫ ﺎﻣ ﻯﺮﺗ ﺍﺫﺎﻤﻟ ﻭ؟ﻲﻓﺎﻘﺛ ﻮﻫ ﺎﻣ ﻦﻋ ﻉﺎﻔﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻫﺭﺎﺴﻣ ﻮﻫ ﺎﻣ؟ﺏﺮﻐﻤﻟﺎﺑ ﺔﻴﻐﻳﺯﺎﻣﻷﺍ ﺔﻛﺮﺤﻟﺍ ﺓﺄﺸﻧ ﻑﻭﺮﻇ ﻲﻫ ﺎﻣ ﻯﺮﺗ ﺍﺫﺎﻤﻟ ﻭ؟ﻲﻓﺎﻘﺛ ﻮﻫ ﺎﻣ ﻦﻋ ﻉﺎﻔﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻫﺭﺎﺴﻣ ﻮﻫ ﺎﻣ؟ﺏﺮﻐﻤﻟﺎﺑ ﺔﻴﻐﻳﺯﺎﻣﻷﺍ ﺔﻛﺮﺤﻟﺍ ﺓﺄﺸﻧ ﻑﻭﺮﻇ ﻲﻫ ﺎﻣ ﻯﺮﺗ ؟ﺔﻴﻐﻳﺯﺎﻣﻷﺍ ﺲﻴﻴﺴﺗ ﺔﻠﺣﺮﻣ ﻰﻟﺇ ﻝﺎﻘﺘﻧﻻﺍ ؟ﺔﻴﻐﻳﺯﺎﻣﻷﺍ ﺲﻴﻴﺴﺗ ﺔﻠﺣﺮﻣ ﻰﻟﺇ ﻝﺎﻘﺘﻧﻻﺍ ؟ﺔﻴﻐﻳﺯﺎﻣﻷﺍ ﺲﻴﻴﺴﺗ ﺔﻠﺣﺮﻣ ﻰﻟﺇ ﻝﺎﻘﺘﻧﻻﺍ ؟ﺔﻴﻐﻳﺯﺎﻣﻷﺍ ﺲﻴﻴﺴﺗ ﺔﻠﺣﺮﻣ ﻰﻟﺇ ﻝﺎﻘﺘﻧﻻﺍ  
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////ﺏﺮﻐﻤﻟﺎﺑ ﺔﻴﻐﻳﺯﺎﻣﻷﺍ ﺔﻛﺮﺤﻟﺍ ﺓﺄﺸﻧﺏﺮﻐﻤﻟﺎﺑ ﺔﻴﻐﻳﺯﺎﻣﻷﺍ ﺔﻛﺮﺤﻟﺍ ﺓﺄﺸﻧﺏﺮﻐﻤﻟﺎﺑ ﺔﻴﻐﻳﺯﺎﻣﻷﺍ ﺔﻛﺮﺤﻟﺍ ﺓﺄﺸﻧﺏﺮﻐﻤﻟﺎﺑ ﺔﻴﻐﻳﺯﺎﻣﻷﺍ ﺔﻛﺮﺤﻟﺍ ﺓﺄﺸﻧ:::: 
ﺭﻤﻌﺘﺴﻤﻝﺍ ﺝﻭﺭﺨ ﺩﻌﺒ ﺕﻼﺌﺎﻌﻝﺍ ﻥﻤ ﺀﺎﻴﻓﻭﻝﺍ ﻪﻤﺍﺩﺨ ﻩﺀﺍﺭﻭ ﻑﻠﺨ ﻱﺫﻝﺍﻪﺤﻝﺎﺼﻤ ﺔﻤﺩﺨﻝ ﺔﻴﺴﻝﺩﻨﻷﺍ ﺔﻴﺸﺭﺎﻐﻴﻝﻭﻷﺍﺭﺎﻁﺇ ﻲﻓ  ﺩﻌﺒ ﻥﻋ ﻪﺒ ﻡﻜﺤﺘﻴ ﺭﺎﻤﻌﺘﺴﺍﺩﺠﻭ ،ﺕ ﻱﻭﺒﺭﺘﻝﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻨﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺏﻌﺸﻝﺍ ﺀﺎﻨﺒﺃ ﻊﻤ ﺔﻴﻭﺎﺴﺘﻤ ﺎﻬﺴﻔﻨ ﺓﺭﻴﺨﻷﺍﺭﺭﻘﻓ ،ﺕ ﺏﻴﺭﺨﺘ  ﻡﻴﻠﻌﺘﻝﺍ)ﻡﻴﻠﻌﺘﻝﺍ ﺏﻴﺭﻌﺘ ﺍﻭﻔﻋ(ﺭﻴﻬﻅ ﺭﺍﺩﺼﺎﺒ 
25
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01
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1965
ﺕﻤﺎﻗ ﻥﻴﺤ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻴﺒﺭﻌﻝﺍ ﺔﻐﻠﻝﺎﺒ ﺏﻌﺸﻝﺍ ﺀﺎﻨﺒﺃ ﺱﺭﺩﻴ ﻲﻜﻝ ﺎﻫﺀﺎﻨﺒﺃ لﺎﺴﺭﺎﺒ ﻙﻠﺘ ﻡﻬﺘﺴﺎﻴﺴ ﻲﻓ ﺍﻭﺤﺠﻨ ﻡﻬﻠﻌﻝ ﻭ،ﺝﺭﺎﺨﻝﺎﺒ ﻡﻠﻌﺘﻠﻝ .ﺹﻨ ﻱﺫﻝﺍ ﺔﻝﻭﺩﻠﻝ ﻲﺴﻴﺴﺄﺘﻝﺍ ﻥﻭﻨﺎﻘﻝﺍ ﺀﺎﺠ ﻙﻝﺫ لﺒﻗ ﻭ  ﺔﻴﺒﺭﻋ ﺔﻝﻭﺩ ﺏﺭﻐﻤﻝﺍ ﻥﺃ ﻰﻠﻋﻓﺎﻀﻻﺎﺒ ،ﺔ ﻭﺭﺯﺃ ﺔﻴﻭﻨﺎﺜﺒ ﺎﻬﻠﺒﻗ ﻭ ﺔﻌﻤﺎﺠﻝﺎﺒ ﺔﻴﻐﻴﺯﺎﻤﻷﺍ ﺱﻴﺭﺩﺘ ﺀﺎﻐﻝﺇ ﻰﻝﺇ.ﺀﺎﻤﺩﻗ لﻤﺤ ﺎﻤ ﺍﺫﻫ ﺕﻤﺼ ﻲﻓ ﻭﻝﻭ ﺽﺎﻔﺘﻨﻻﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻭﺭﺯﺄﺒ ﺩﺎﻴﺯ ﻥﺒ ﻕﺭﺎﻁ ﺔﻴﻭﻨﺎﺜ . ﻨﺴ ﺔ 
1969
ﺔﻴﻐﻴﺯﺎﻤﻷﺍ ﻥﻋ ﻉﺎﻓﺩﻝﺍ ﻡﻬﻓﺩﻫ ﻥﺎﻜ،ﺱﻭﺴ ﻥﻤ ﻎﻴﺯﺎﻤﺃ ﺩﻴ ﻰﻠﻋ لﺩﺎﺒﺘﻝﺍ ﻭ ﺙﺤﺒﻠﻝ ﺔﻴﺒﺭﻐﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻌﻤﺠﻝﺍ ﺕﺴﺴﺄﺘ ﺔﻴﺴﺎﻔﻝﺍ ﺔﻜﺭﺤﻝﺍ ﻥﻷ،ﺕﺎﻤﺭﺤﻤﻝﺍ ﻥﻤ ﺔﻴﻐﻴﺯﺎﻤﻷﺍ ﺕﻨﺎﻜ ﻙﺍﺫ ﺎﻨﺘﻗﻭ ﻲﻓ ﻪﻨﻷ ﺔﻴﺒﻌﺸﻝﺍ ﺔﻓﺎﻘﺜﻝﺍ ﻡﺴﺎﺒ )ﺔﻴﻨﻁﻭﻝﺍ ﺎﻬﻨﻭﻤﺴﻴ ﻲﺘﻝﺍ( ﺭﻴﻬﻅ ﺕﻔﻅﻭ 
16
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05
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1930
ﺕﻠﻤﻋ ﺩﻘﻓ،ﻑﻴﻅﻭﺘ ﻥﺴﺤﺃﺀﺎﻐﻝﺇ ﻰﻠﻋﺓﺩﺤﻭﻝﺍ ﺔﻌﻴﺭﺫ ﺕﺤﺘ ﺔﻴﻐﻴﺯﺎﻤﻷﺎﺒ ﺔﻗﻼﻋ ﻪﻝ ﺎﻤ لﻜ ﺏﺭﻌﻝﺎﺒ ﻎﻴﺯﺎﻤﻷﺍ ﻕﺎﺤﻝﺇ ﻭ ﺦﻴﺭﺎﺘﻝﺍ ﻑﻴﺭﺤﺘ ﻰﻠﻋ لﻤﻌﻝﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻗﺭﻔﺘﻝﺍ ﻥﻤ ﻑﻭﺨﻝﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻴﻤﻭﻘﻝﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻴﻨﻁﻭﻝﺍ.ﻁﻘﻓ ﻡﻜﺘﺎﻤﻭﻠﻌﻤﻝ ﻭ ، ﻘﻓ ﺩ ﻴﻐﻴﺯﺎﻤﺃ ﺔﻠﻴﺒﻗ ﻉﺎﻀﺨﺎﺒ ﺓﺭﻴﺨﻷﺍ ﻡﺎﻴﻗ ﺏﻘﻋ ﺔﻴﺴﻨﺭﻔﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﺭﺎﻤﻌﺘﺴﻹﺍ ﺕﺎﻁﻠﺴﻝﺍ ﺔﺌﻨﻬﺘ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻴﺴﻝﺩﻨﻷﺍ ﺔﻜﺭﺤﻝﺍ ﻙﻠﺘ ﺕﻠﻤﻋﺔ  ﺔﻨﺴ 
1936
. ﺔﺼﻘﻝﺍ ﻥﻋ ﺙﺩﺤﺘﺘ ﻲﺘﻝﺍ ﺏﺘﻜﻝﺍ ﻥﻤ ﺔﻋﻭﻤﺠﻤ ﺭﺍﺩﺼﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺍﺭﻭﺼﺤﻤ لﺩﺎﺒﺘﻝﺍ ﻭ ﺙﺤﺒﻠﻝ ﺔﻴﺒﺭﻐﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻌﻤﺠﻝﺍ لﻤﻋ ﻲﻘﺒ ﺩﻘﻝ ﺔﻴﻐﻴﺯﺎﻤﻷﺍ ﻡﺴﻻ ﺭﻜﺫ ﻥﻭﺩ ﻲﺒﻌﺸﻝﺍ ﺭﻌﺸﻝﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻴﺒﻌﺸﻝﺍ.ﺔﻴﻌﻤﺠ ﺱﻴﺴﺄﺘ ﺭﻭﻅﺎﻨﻝﺍ ﺕﻓﺭﻋ ﺕﺎﻨﻴﻌﺒﺴﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﺎﻬﻨ ﺩﻭﺩﺤ ﻲﻓ ﻭ ﻭﺭﻌﻤ ﻥﻭﻨﺎﻨﻓ ﺎﻬﻨﻤ ﺝﺭﺨﺘ ﻲﺘﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻓﺎﻘﺜﻝﺍ ﺔﻗﻼﻁﻨﻹﺍﻱﺭﺯﺇ ﺩﻝﺎﺨ،ﻥﻭﻤﻴﻤ ﺩﻴﻝﻭﻝﺎﻜ ﻥﻭﻓ ...  ﺕﺎﻨﻴﻨﺎﻤﺜﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﺍﺩﺒ ﻲﻓ ،ﻭ ﻲﻐﻴﺯﺎﻤﻷﺍ ﻊﻴﺒﺭﻝﺍ ﺙﺍﺩﺤﺃ ﺩﻌﺒ 
20
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04
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1980
لﻴﺎﺒﻘﻝﺎﺒ ﺴﺴﺄﺘ ،ﺕ ﻭ ﺭﻴﺩﺎﻜﺄﺒ ﺔﻴﻔﻴﺼﻝﺍ ﺔﻌﻤﺎﺠﻝﺍ ﻑﻴﺼ ﺎﻬﻝ ﺀﺎﻘﻝ لﻭﺃ ﻊﻨﻤ ﻲﺘﻝﺍ
1981
ﻥﻴﻴﻐﻴﺯﺎﻤﻷﺍ ﻥﻴﻠﻋﺎﻔﻝﺍ ﻥﻴﺒ ﻕﻴﺴﻨﺘﻠﻝ ﺓﺭﺩﺎﺒ لﻭﺃ ﺱﻴﺴﺄﺘﻝﺍ ﺍﺫﻫ لﻜﺸ ﺩﻗ ﻭ،.ﻥﻜﻤﻴ ﻭ ﺤﺭﻤﻝﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﺭﺎﺒﺘﻋﺍﻲﻨﻠﻌﻝﺍ لﻤﻌﻝﺍ ﻰﻝﺇ ﻱﺭﺴﻝﺍ لﻤﻌﻝﺍ ﻥﻤ ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻘﺘﻨﺍ ﺔﻠ .ﻭﻜﻴﺍﺯﺃ ﻲﻗﺩﺼ ﻲﻠﻋ ﻡﻭﺤﺭﻤﻝﺍ لﻘﺘﻋﺍ ﺔﻨﺴﻝﺍ ﺱﻔﻨ ﻲﻓ ﻭ  ﺫﻓﺎﻨ ﺎﻨﺠﺴ ﺔﻨﺴﺒ ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﻡﻜﺤ ﻭ ﺏﺭﻐﻤﻝﺍ ﺦﻴﺭﺎﺘ لﻭﺤ لﺎﻘﻤﻝ ﻩﺭﺸﻨ ﺏﻘﻋ)ﺔﻴﻐﻴﺯﺎﻤﻷﺍ ﺔﻴﻀﻘﻠﻝ ﻥﻴﺠﺴ لﻭﺃ.(  ﺔﻓﺎﻘﺜﻝﺍ لﺠﺃ ﻥﻤ ﻥﻭﻨﻐﻴ ﻥﻴﻨﺎﻨﻓ ﺭﻭﻬﻅ ﺔﻴﺒﺭﻐﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻨﻔﻝﺍ ﺔﺤﺎﺴﻝﺍ ﺕﻓﺭﻋ ﺔﻠﺤﺭﻤﻝﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﺩﻌﺒ ﻯﺩﺃ ﺎﻤﻤ ﺔﻴﻐﻴﺯﺎﻤﻷﺍ ﺔﻴﻭﻬﻝﺍ ﻭ ﻥﻤ ﺔﻴﻐﻴﺯﺎﻤﻷﺍ ﺕﺠﺭﺨ ﺙﻴﺤ،ﺔﻴﻠﺼﻷﺍ ﻡﻬﺘﻴﻭﻫ ﺔﻴﻀﻘﺒ ﻥﻴﻓﺭﺎﻋ ﺍﻭﻨﻭﻜﻴ ﻡﻝ ﻥﻴﺫﻝﺍ ﺏﻌﺸﻝﺍ ﻯﺩﻝ ﻲﻤﻭﻗ ﻲﻋﻭ ﺯﻭﺭﺒ ﻰﻝﺇﺔﻤﺎﻌﻝﺍ ﻰﻝﺇ ﺔﻴﻭﺒﺨﻨﻝﺍ. ﺕﺎﻴﻨﺎﺴﻠﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺎﺴﻨﺭﻓ ﻥﻤ ﺓﺍﺭﻭﺘﻜﺩ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻥﻴﻠﺼﺎﺤﻝﺍ ﺔﺒﻠﻁﻝﺍ ﻥﻤ ﺭﻴﺜﻜﻝﺍ ﺓﺩﻭﻋ ﺏﺭﻐﻤﻝﺍ ﻑﺭﻋ ﺕﺎﻨﻴﻨﺎﻤﺜﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﺎﻬﻨ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻴﻐﻴﺯﺎﻤﻷﺍ،ﻤﻓ ﺎ ﺏﻭﻜﺭ ﻻﺇ ﻡﻬﻴﻠﻋ ﺎﻤﻓ ﻥﺫﺇ،ﺏﺭﻐﻤﻝﺎﺒ ﺩﺠﺍﻭﺘﻤ ﺭﻴﻏ ﻡﻬﺼﺼﺨﺘﻓ لﻤﻌﻝﺍ ﻕﻭﺴﻝ ﺀﻻﺅﻫ لﻭﺨﺩﻝ لﻴﺒﺴﻝﺍ ﻭﻫ ﻭ لﻐﺸ ﺏﺼﺎﻨﻤ ﺩﺎﺠﻴﺇ ﻡﻬﻝ ﻰﻨﺴﺘﻴ ﻰﺘﺤ ﺔﻴﻭﺒﺭﺘﻝﺍ ﺔﻤﻭﻅﻨﻤﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻴﻐﻴﺯﺎﻤﻷﺍ ﺝﺎﻤﺩﺈﺒ ﺔﺒﻝﺎﻁﻤﻝﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻴﻐﻴﺯﺎﻤﻷﺍ ﻥﺎﺼﺤ ﺱﻴﻝ ﺍﺫﻫلﻌﻔﺘ ﺎﻤﻭ ﺔﻝﺎﻁﺒﻝﺍ ﻥﻜﻝﻭ ﺔﻴﻐﻴﺯﺎﻤﻷﺍ ﻥﻭﻴﻋ ﺩﻭﺴﻝ . 
 
 ﻲﻓ 
05
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08
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1991
ﺃﺕﺭﺩﺼ 
6
ﺍ ﺭﻴﺩﺎﻜﺃ ﻕﺎﺜﻴﻤﺒ ﻑﺭﻌﻴ ﺎﻤ ﺔﻴﻓﺎﻘﺜ ﺕﺎﻴﻌﻤﺠ ﺎﻬﻨﻴﺒ ﻥﻤ ﺏﻝﺎﻁﻤ ﺓﺩﻋ ﻪﻴﻓ ﺕﻐﻴﺼ ﻱﺫﻝ :ﺓﺭﺘﺴﺩ  ﺔﻴﻐﻴﺯﺎﻤﻷﺍﻬﺠﺎﻤﺩﺇ ،ﺎ ﻡﻴﻠﻌﺘﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ...ﺔﻴﻓﺎﻘﺜﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﻴﻌﻤﺠﻠﻝ ﻲﻨﻁﻭﻝﺍ ﻕﻴﺴﻨﺘﻝﺍ ﺭﻭﻬﻅﻝ ﺔﻴﺴﺎﺴﻷﺍ ﺓﺍﻭﻨﻝﺍ ﻕﺎﺜﻴﻤﻝﺍ ﺍﺫﻫ لﻜﺸ ﺩﻗﻭ  ﺔﻨﺴ ﻰﻝﻭﻷﺍ ﻪﺘﻐﻴﺼ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻴﻐﻴﺯﺎﻤﻷﺍ
1994
ﺫﻫ ،ﻩﺕﻓﺭﻋ ﻲﺘﻝﺍ ﺔﻨﺴﻝﺍﺕﺎﺠﺎﺠﺘﺤﺍﺔﻴﻌﻤﺠ ﺀﺎﻀﻋﺃ ﻑﺭﻁ ﻥﻤ ﻱﺎﻤ ﺢﺘﺎﻓ ﻡﻭﻴ  لﺎﻘﺘﻋﻺﻝ ﻡﻬﺒ ﻯﺩﺃ ﺎﻤﻤ ﺔﻴﻐﻴﺯﺎﻤﻸﻝ ﺭﺎﺒﺘﻋﻹﺍ ﺩﺭﺒ ﺔﺒﻝﺎﻁﻤ ﺔﻤﻴﻤﻠﻜﺒ ﻲﻠﻠﻴﺘ .ﻲﻓ ﻭ 
20
ﻪﻝ ﺭﻭﻔﻐﻤﻝﺍ ﻥﻠﻋﺃ ﺔﻨﺴﻝﺍ ﺱﻔﻨ ﻥﻤ ﺕﺸﻏﺝﺎﻤﺩﺇ ﻲﻓ ﻪﺘﻴﻨ ﻥﻋ ﻲﻨﺎﺜﻝﺍ ﻥﺴﺤﻝﺍ)ﺕﺎﺠﻬﻠﻝﺍ(ﺹﻴﺼﺨﺘ ﻭ ﻱﻭﺒﺭﺘﻝﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻨﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ 
10
ﺏ ﺔﻴﺭﺎﺒﺨﺇ ﺓﺭﺸﻨﻝ ﻕﺌﺎﻗﺩ )ﺕﺎﺠﻬﻠﻝﺍ(.  ﻝﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﺫﻨﻤ ﺱﻴﺴﺄﺘﻝﺎﺒ ﺔﻴﻐﻴﺯﺎﻤﻷﺍ ﺕﺎﻴﻌﻤﺠﻝﺍ ﻥﻤ ﺩﻴﺩﻌﻠﻝ ﺢﻤﺴﻓ ﺝﺍﺭﻔﻨﻻﺍ ﺽﻌﺒ ﺏﺭﻐﻤﻝﺍ ﻑﺭﻋ ﺔﻠﺤﺭﻤ ،ﻭ ﻯﻭﺘﺴﻤﻝﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻲﻤﻝﺎﻌﻝﺍﺭﺠﻬﻤﻝﺎﺒ ﺔﻴﻐﻴﺯﺎﻤﻷﺍ ﺕﺎﻴﻌﻤﺠﻝﺍ ﻥﻤ ﺩﻴﺩﻌﻝﺍ ﺭﻭﻬﻅ ﻭ ﻲﻤﻝﺎﻌﻝﺍ ﻲﻐﻴﺯﺎﻤﻷﺍ ﺱﺭﻐﻨﻭﻜﻝﺍ ﺱﻴﺴﺄﺘ ﻡﺘ .  ﺵﺭﻌﻝﺍ ﺱﺩﺎﺴﻝﺍ ﺩﻤﺤﻤ ﻙﻠﻤﻝﺍ ﺀﻼﺘﻋﺍ ﺩﻌﺒ ﻤﺤ ،ل ﺭﺎﺒﺘﻋﻻﺍ ﺓﺩﺎﻋﺍ ﺔﻤﻬﻤ ﻪﻘﺘﺎﻋ ﻰﻠﻋﻕﻴﺭﻁ ﻥﻋ ﻙﻝﺫ ﻭ ﺔﻴﻐﻴﺯﺎﻤﻸﻝ  ﻥﻤ ﺔﻨﻴﻌﻤ ﺔﺌﻔﺒ ﺔﺼﺎﺨ ﺕﺴﻴﻝ ﻭ ﺔﻴﻨﻁ ﻭ ﺔﻴﻀﻗ ﺎﻬﻠﻌﺠ ﻭ ﺏﺩ ﻭ ﺏﻫ ﻥﻤ لﻜ لﺠﺭﺃ ﺕﺤﺘ ﻥﻤ ﻁﺎﺴﺒﻝﺍ ﺏﺤﺴ ﻭ ﺎﻫﺀﺍﻭﺘﺤﺍﻲﺒﺭﻐﻤﻝﺍ ﺏﻌﺸﻝﺍ. ﺏﺎﻁﺨ ﻲﻔﻓ 
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2001
ﺀﺎﺸﻨﺇ ﻥﻋ ﻪﺘﻝﻼﺠ ﻥﻠﻋﺃﻲﻓ ﺔﻴﻐﻴﺯﺎﻤﻷﺍ ﺝﺎﻤﺩﺇ ﻡﺘ ﻭ ﺔﻴﻐﻴﺯﺎﻤﻷﺍ ﺔﻓﺎﻘﺜﻠﻝ ﻲﻜﻠﻤﻝﺍ ﺩﻬﻌﻤﻝﺍﻭ ﻭ ﺔﻴﻤﻴﻠﻌﺘﻝﺍ ﺔﻤﻭﻅﻨﻤﻝﺍﻲﻐﻴﺯﺎﻤﻷﺍ ﻑﺭﺤﻝﺍ ﺩﺤ ﻤﻜ ،ﺎ ﺕﺎﺠﻬﻠﻝﺍ ﺢﻠﻁﺼﻤ ﻲﻐﻝﺃ ﻭ ﺔﻴﻐﻴﺯﺎﻤﻷﺎﺒ ﺔﻴﺭﺎﺒﺨﺇ ﺓﺭﺸﻨ ﺹﻴﺼﺨﺘ ﻡﺘ ﻪﻨﺃ ﺔﻴﻨﻁﻭ ﺔﻴﻐﻴﺯﺎﻤﺃ ﺓﺎﻨﻗ ﺀﺎﺸﻨﺇ ﻭﺤﻨ ﻪﺠﻭﺘ ﻙﺎﻨﻫ ﻭ ﺔﻴﻐﻴﺯﺎﻤﻷﺍ ﺓﺭﺘﺴﺩ ﺔﻴﻨﺎﻜﻤﺇ ﻥﻋ ﺙﻴﺩﺤﻝﺍ ﺃﺩﺒ ﻭ .ﻁﻘﻓ ﻪﻴﻭﻨﺘﻠﻝ ﻭ ﻘﻓ ،ﺩ ﺢﺒﺼﺃ ﻲﻐﻴﺯﺎﻤﺃ ﺍﺩﺠﺍﻭﺘ ﻑﺭﻌﺘ ﻲﺘﻝﺍ لﻭﺩﻝﺍ ﻊﻤ ﺔﻨﺭﺎﻘﻤﻝﺎﺒ ﻪﺒ ﻯﺫﺘﺤﻴ ﺎﺠﺫﻭﻤﻨ ﺏﺭﻐﻤﻝﺍ. 
ﺏﺮﻐﻤﻟﺎﺑ ﺔﻴﻐﻳﺯﺎﻣﻷﺍ ﺔﻛﺮﺤﻟﺍ ﺓﺄﺸﻧ ﻑﻭﺮﻇ ﻦﻋ ﺓﺮﻴﺼﻗ ﺓﺬﺒﻧ ﻩﺬﻫﻤﻓ ،ﺎ ﻩﺬﻬﻟ ﺔﻴﻓﺎﻘﺜﻟﺍ ﺐﻟﺎﻄﻤﻟﺍ ﻲﻫ ؟ﺔﻛﺮﺤﻟﺍ؟ﺔﺳﺎﻴﺴﻟﺍ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺔﻓﺎﻘﺜﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﻝﺎﻘﺘﻧﻻﺍ ﺍﺫﺎﻤﻟﻭ 
2
////ﺔﺳﺎﻴﺴﻟﺍ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺔﻓﺎﻘﺜﻟﺍ ﻦﻣﺔﺳﺎﻴﺴﻟﺍ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺔﻓﺎﻘﺜﻟﺍ ﻦﻣﺔﺳﺎﻴﺴﻟﺍ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺔﻓﺎﻘﺜﻟﺍ ﻦﻣﺔﺳﺎﻴﺴﻟﺍ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺔﻓﺎﻘﺜﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ::::
 ﺔﻴﻐﻴﺯﺎﻤﻷﺍ ﺏﻝﺎﻁﻤﻝﺍ ﻥﻜﺘ ﻡﻝ ﺍ ﺙﺍﺭﺘﻝﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻓﺎﻘﺜﻝﺍ ﻥﻋ ﺙﺩﺤﺘﺘ ﺏﺘﻜ ﺭﺸﻨﺒ ﺡﺎﻤﺴﻝﺍ ﻯﺩﻌﺘﺘ لﻭﻷﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻥﺃ ﺭﻴﻏ،ﻲﻐﻴﺯﺎﻤﻷﻉﻭﻨﻤﻤﻝﺍﻪﻔﻗﻭﻤﺒ ﻙﺴﻤﺘﻝﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺍﺭﺼﻤ ﺩﺭﻔﻝﺍ ﺢﺒﺼﻴ ﻊﻨﻤﻝﺍ ﺩﻌﺒﻓ،ﺎﻋﻭﺒﺘﻤ ﺎﻤﺌﺍﺩ ﻥﻭﻜﻴ .ﺀﺎﻤﺴﺄﺒ ﺩﻴﻝﺍﻭﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻤﺴﺘ ﻊﻨﻤ ﺩﻌﺒﻓ  ﺔﻘﻴﺭﻋ ﺔﻴﻐﻴﺯﺎﻤﺃ)ﻱﺭﻴﺯﺎﺘ،ﻥﻴﺴﺎﻤ،ﺭﻴﺩﻴﺇ(...ﺹﻨ ﻭ ﺔﻴﺴﺍﺭﺩﻝﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺭﻘﻤﻝﺍ ﻥﻤ ﺔﻴﻐﻴﺯﺎﻤﻷﺍ ﺀﺎﻐﻝﺇ ﻭ ﺏﻴﺭﻌﺘﻝﺍ ﻥﻭﻨﺎﻗ ﺭﺍﺩﺼﺇ ﻭ، ﺏﺭﻐﻤﻠﻝ ﺓﺩﻴﺤﻭﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻤﺴﺭﻝﺍ ﺔﻐﻠﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﺒﺭﻌﻝﺍ ﻥﻭﻜ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺭﻭﺘﺴﺩﻝﺍﻼﻓﺎﻏﻭ ﺏﺭﻐﻤﻝﺍ ﺦﻴﺭﺎﺘ ﻑﻴﺭﺤﺘ ﻰﻝﺇ ﺔﻓﺎﻀﻹﺎﺒ،ﺔﻴﻐﻴﺯﺎﻤﻷﺍﺭﻅﺤﻝﺍ ﻊﻓﺭ،ﺔﻴﻠﺼﻷﺍ ﻥﻁﻭﻝﺍ ﻭﻐﻝ ﺱﻴﺭﺩﺘ ﺩﻭﺩﺤ ﺔﻴﻐﻴﺯﺎﻤﻷﺍ ﺏﻝﺎﻁﻤﻝﺍ ﻯﺩﻌﺘﺘ ﻡﻝ،ﺔﻴﺸﺭﺎﻐﻴﻝﻭﻷﺍ ﺔﻴﺴﻝﺩﻨﻷﺍ ﺕﻼﺌﺎﻌﻝﺍ ﺩﻴﺠﻤﺘ ﻡﻼﻋﻹﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻴﻐﻴﺯﺎﻤﻷﺍ ﺝﺎﻤﺩﺇ ﻭ ﺔﻴﻐﻴﺯﺎﻤﻷﺍ ﺀﺎﻤﺴﻷﺍ ﻥﻋ.ﻭ ﻻﺍ ﺔﻴﺍﺩﺒ ﻊﻤ ﻻﺇ ﺔﻴﻀﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﺩﻭﻘﻌﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻕﻘﺤﺘﻴ ﻡﻝ ﺎﻤ ﺍﺫﻫﺝﺍﺭﻔﻨ  ﺕﺎﻨﻴﻌﺴﺘﻝﺍ ﻊﻠﻁﻤ ﺏﺭﻐﻤﻝﺍ ﻪﻓﺭﻋ ﻱﺫﻝﺍ ﻲﺴﺎﻴﺴﻝﺍ.ﻱﺫﻝﺍ ﻭ ﻲﻨﺎﺜﻝﺍ ﻥﺴﺤﻝﺍ ﻪﻝ ﺭﻭﻔﻐﻤﻠﻝ ﺭﻴﻬﺸﻝﺍ ﺏﺎﻁﺨﻝﺍ ﺏﻘﻌﻓ ﺎﻔﻨﺁ ﺕﺭﺸﺃ ﺎﻤﻜﻓ ﺹﻴﺼﺨﺘ ﻡﺘ،ﺔﻴﻐﻴﺯﺎﻤﻷﺍ ﺽﻭﻋ ﺕﺎﺠﻬﻠﻝﺍ ﺢﻠﻁﺼﻤ ﺭﻜﺫ ﻥﺇ ﻭ ﺔﻴﻐﻴﺯﺎﻤﻷﺍ ﺩﻓﺍﻭﺭ ﻥﻤ ﺩﻓﺍﺭﻜ ﺔﻴﻐﻴﺯﺎﻤﻷﺎﺒ ﻪﻴﻓ ﻑﺭﺘﻋﺍ
10
ﺕﺎﺠﻬﻠﻝﺍ ﺓﺭﺸﻨﻝ ﻕﺌﺎﻗﺩ )ﺔﻴﻐﻴﺯﺎﻤﻷﺍ(ﺔﻋﺍﺫﺇ ﺀﺎﺸﻨﺇ ﻭ ﺔﻴﻐﻴﺯﺎﻤﻷﺍ ﺩﺌﺍﺭﺠﻝﺍ ﻥﻤ ﺩﻴﺩﻌﻠﻝ ﺡﺎﻤﺴﻠﻝ ﺔﻓﺎﻀﻹﺎﺒ ﺔﻴﻐﻴﺯﺎﻤﻷﺎﺒ ﺔﺼﺎﺨ  ﻙ ﺔﺤﺎﺴﻝﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺭﻭﻬﻅﻝﺎﺒ :ﻲﻐﻴﺯﺎﻤﻷﺍ ﻡﻝﺎﻌﻝﺍ،ﺕﻨﻭﻤﺎﺘ،ﻭﺍﺭﻜﺃ،ﺕﻴﻜﺎﻤﺎﺘ،ﺕﻭﻓﺎﺴﺎﺘ،ﺩﻭﻤﺃ...  ﺓﺭﺘﻔﻝﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﺭﺎﺒﺘﻋﺍ ﻥﻜﻤﻴ ﻭ ﺏﻘﻋ ﺯﺭﺒ ﺩﻘﻓ ﻲﻘﻴﻘﺤﻝﺍ ﻉﺎﻌﺸﻹﺍ ﺎﻤﺃ،ﺏﺭﻐﻤﻝﺎﺒ ﺔﻴﻐﻴﺯﺎﻤﻷﺍ ﻉﺎﻌﺸﻹ ﺔﺒﺴﻨﻝﺎﺒ ﺔﻴﻨﻴﻨﺠ ﺔﻠﺤﺭﻤﻜ ﺤﺎﺼ ﺀﻼﺘﻋﺍﺭﺎﻁﺇ ﻲﻓ ﻲﻐﻴﺯﺎﻤﻷﺍ ﻥﺄﺸﻝﺎﺒ ﻡﺎﻤﺘﻫﻻﺎﺒ ﻪﺘﺎﺒﺎﻁﺨ ﻰﻝﻭﺃ ﻲﻓ ﺩﻋﻭ ﺙﻴﺤ،ﺵﺭﻌﻝﺍ ﺱﺩﺎﺴﻝﺍ ﺩﻤﺤﻤ ﻙﻠﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﻝﻼﺠﻝﺍ ﺏ ﻲﻓ ﻪﺘﻝﻼﺠ ﻥﻠﻋﺄﻓ،ﺏﺭﻐﻤﻝﺍ ﻪﻓﺭﻌﻴ ﻱﺫﻝﺍ ﻲﻁﺍﺭﻘﻤﻴﺩﻝﺍ لﺎﻘﺘﻨﻻﺍ
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2001
ﺔﻓﺎﻘﺜﻠﻝ ﻲﻜﻠﻤﻝﺍ ﺩﻬﻌﻤﻝﺍ ﺀﺎﺸﻨﺇ ﻥﻋﻤﻭﻅﻨﻤﻝﺎﺒ ﺔﻴﻐﻴﺯﺎﻤﻷﺍ ﺝﺎﻤﺩﺇ ﻡﺘ ﻡﺜ،ﺔﻴﻐﻴﺯﺎﻤﻷﺍﺔ ﻴﺘ ﻑﺭﺤ ﺭﻴﺘﺨﺍ ﻭ،ﺔﻴﻭﺒﺭﺘﻝﺍﻍﺎﻨﻴﻔ ﺎﻨﺤﺒﺼﺃ ﺎﻤﻜ،ﺔﻴﻐﻴﺯﺎﻤﻸﻝ ﺩﺤﻭﻤ ﻑﺭﺤﻜ  ﺎﺴﻭﻤﻠﻤ ﺍﺭﻭﻀﺤ ﺩﻫﺎﺸﻨ ﻥﻴﺘﻴﻨﻁﻭﻝﺍ ﻥﻴﺘﺎﻨﻘﻝﺎﺒ ﺔﻴﻐﻴﺯﺎﻤﻷﺍ ﺔﻴﻔﺤﺼﻝﺍ ﺓﺩﺎﻤﻠﻝ )ﺕﻼﺴﻠﺴﻤ،ﻡﻼﻓﺃ،ﻲﻨﺎﻏﺃ،ﺕﺎﻴﺤﺭﺴﻤ،ﺞﻤﺍﺭﺒ (...ﻥﺇﻭ  ﺢﻠﻁﺼﻤ ﻥﻋ ﻲﻠﺨﺘﻝﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻠﻘﺘﺴﻤ ﺔﻴﻐﻴﺯﺎﻤﻷﺎﺒ ﺔﻴﺭﺎﺒﺨﺇ ﺓﺭﺸﻨ ﺹﻴﺼﺨﺘ ﻰﻝﺇ ﺔﻓﺎﻀﻹﺎﺒ،ﺩﺴﻷﺍ ﺔﺼﺤ ﺔﻴﺴﻭﺴﻝﺍ ﺔﺠﻬﻠﻝ ﺕﻨﺎﻜ ﻌﺴﻝﺍ ﻭ ﺕﺎﺠﻬﻠﻝﺍﺔﻤﺩﺎﻘﻝﺍ ﻊﻴﺒﺎﺴﻷﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻴﻐﻴﺯﺎﻤﺃ ﺓﺎﻨﻗ ﺀﺎﺸﻨﺇ ﻭﺤﻨ ﻲ .ﺙﺩﺤﺘﺘ ﻲﺘﻝﺍ ﺏﺘﻜﻝﺍ ﺕﺤﺒﺼﺃ ﺔﻴﻓﺎﻘﺜﻝﺍ ﺔﺤﺎﺴﻝﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻭ  ﺓﺭﺜﻜﺒ ﺓﺭﺸﺘﻨﻤ ﺔﻴﻐﻴﺯﺎﻤﻷﺍ ﻥﻋ.ﻥﻴﻴﻐﻴﺯﺎﻤﻷﺍ ﻥﻴﻠﻀﺎﻨﻤﻝﺍ لﻴﻠﻏ ﻲﻔﺸﻴ ﻻ ﺍﺫﻫ ﻥﺃ ﺭﻴﻏ.لﻭﺼﻭﻝﺍ ﻥﻵﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﺃ ﻥﻤ لﻜ ﻥﺃ ﻅﺤﻼﻤﻝﺎﻓ  ﻝ ﺫﺎﺘﺴﺃ ﻥﻤ ﻡﻜﻓ،ﺓﺩﺍﻭﺭﻁ ﻥﺎﺼﺤ ﺔﻴﻐﻴﺯﺎﻤﻷﺍ ﻥﻤ ﺫﺨﺘﻴ ﺎﻤ ﺏﺼﻨﻤ ﻰﻝﺇﺎﻴﺯﻴﻔﻠ ﺀﺔﻴﻐﻴﺯﺎﻤﻷﺍ ﺔﻓﺎﻘﺜﻠﻝ ﻲﻜﻠﻤﻝﺍ ﺩﻬﻌﻤﻝﺎﺒ ﺀﺎﻴﻤﻴﻜﻝﺍ ﻭ  ﻍﺭﻔﺘﻴﻝ ﻪﺘﺴﺩﻨﻫ ﻙﺭﺘ ﺱﺩﻨﻬﻤ ﻥﻤ ﻡﻜ ﻭ،ﺩﻬﻌﻤﻝﺎﺒ ﻥﻴﻋ ﺎﻤﺩﻨﻋ ﻻﺇ ﺔﻴﻐﻴﺯﺎﻤﻷﺍ ﺔﻴﻀﻘﻝﺍ ﻥﻋ ﻊﻤﺴﺒ ﻡﻝ ﺦﻴﺭﺎﺘﻠﻝ ﺫﺎﺘﺴﺃ ﻥﻤ ﻡﻜ ﻭ ﺎﺴﻨﺭﻔﻝ ﺭﻓﺎﺴ ﻲﻝﺎﻁﺒ ﻥﻤ ﻡﻜ ﻭ،ﻥﻴﺠﺎﺘﺤﻤﻝﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺩﻭﺠﻴ ﺊﺘﻓ ﺎﻤ ﻱﺫﻝﺍ ﺩﻬﻌﻤﻝﺍ ﻡﺭﻜ ﻪﻝﻭﻁﻴ ﻰﺘﺤ ﺔﻴﻐﻴﺯﺎﻤﻷﺍ ﻥﻋ ﻉﺎﻓﺩﻠﻝ ﻡﻠﺴﻝﺎﺒ ﺽﺎﻴﺭﻝﺍ ﻲﺤﺒ ﺔﻔﻴﻅﻭ ﻰﻠﻋ لﻭﺼﺤﻝﺍ ﻪﻝ ﻰﻨﺴﺘﻴ ﻰﺘﺤ ﺔﻴﻐﻴﺯﺎﻤﻷﺍ ﺕﺎﻴﻨﺎﺴﻠﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻩﺍﺭﻭﺘﻜﺩ ﻰﻠﻋ لﻭﺼﺤﻠﻝ 
11
)ﺎﻨﻠﺨﺩ ﻡﻝﻼﺴﻝﺍ ﺔﺒﻌﻝ ﻲﻓ .( 

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