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Introduction of Tourism

Introduction of Tourism

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Published by Vikas Kumar

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Published by: Vikas Kumar on Aug 27, 2010
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03/10/2011

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1
Tourism concepts
Dr. Nimit Chowdhary
Professor
Indian Institute of Tourism and TravelManagement
Introduction totourism
September 17, 2007(C) Prof. Nimit Chowdhary @IITTM2
TourismConceptsIndianInstitute ofTourism andTravelManagement
The tourism society…
Tourism is deemed to include anyactivity concerned with temporary shortterm movement of people todestinations outside the places wherethey normally live and work, and theiractivities during the stay at thesedestinations.
September 17, 2007(C) Prof. Nimit Chowdhary @IITTM3
TourismConceptsIndianInstitute ofTourism andTravelManagement
Visitor demand
Visiting destinations within their owncountry’s boundaries who travel for tourism purposes.Domestic tourism
Residents
Who are residents of a countryvisiting other countries and travel for tourism purposes.Outbound tourism
Internationalvisitors
Who are residents of countries other than that being visited and travel for tourism purposes.Inbound tourism
Internationalvisitors
September 17, 2007(C) Prof. Nimit Chowdhary @IITTM4
TourismConceptsIndianInstitute ofTourism andTravelManagement
Visitor-the Consumer
VisitorExcursionistsTourist
September 17, 2007(C) Prof. Nimit Chowdhary @IITTM5
TourismConceptsIndianInstitute ofTourism andTravelManagement
Tourist
Business
Congress
Convention
Family
Friends
Health
Holiday
Leisure
Meeting
Mission
A visitor staying more than 24 hours in acountry and making an overnight stayfor any of the following reasons:
Recreation
Religion
Sport
Study
Vacation
September 17, 2007(C) Prof. Nimit Chowdhary @IITTM6
TourismConceptsIndianInstitute ofTourism andTravelManagement
Excursionists
Are classed as temporary visitors stayingless than 24 hours, including cruisetravelers but excluding travelers in transit.
 
2
September 17, 2007(C) Prof. Nimit Chowdhary @IITTM7
TourismConceptsIndianInstitute ofTourism andTravelManagement
Tourism!
Experimental
Ephemeral
Experiential
Edutainment
September 17, 2007(C) Prof. Nimit Chowdhary @IITTM8
TourismConceptsIndianInstitute ofTourism andTravelManagement
Tourism-a process
A combination of tangible and intangibletourism products
Scope of these products
Attraction
Access
Amenities
Organized as a seamless supply chain
September 17, 2007(C) Prof. Nimit Chowdhary @IITTM9
TourismConceptsIndianInstitute ofTourism andTravelManagement
Tourism-a supply chain
Providers need to be effective withtourism products along tourism supplychain
Efficient with products
Creativity in combining products and delivery
Technology leverage
Supply Chain
Suppliers
Tourism Products
September 17, 2007(C) Prof. Nimit Chowdhary @IITTM10
TourismConceptsIndianInstitute ofTourism andTravelManagement
Tourism-a supply chain
Tourism Suppliers
is a business such as attraction, hotel or othertype of accommodation, restaurant,transportation company, tour wholesaler, travelagency etc.
Tourism Products
Tangibles 
-furnishings in a hotel, food servedin a restaurant, etc,
Intangibles 
-atmosphere at a resort, serviceprovided by an airlines
September 17, 2007(C) Prof. Nimit Chowdhary @IITTM11
TourismConceptsIndianInstitute ofTourism andTravelManagement
Working definition of traveland tourism
Tourism comprises the activities oftraveling to and staying in places outsidetheir usual environment for not more thanone consecutive year for leisure, businessand other purposes.
WTO, 1992-subsequently ratified by the UNStatistical Commission
September 17, 2007(C) Prof. Nimit Chowdhary @IITTM12
TourismConceptsIndianInstitute ofTourism andTravelManagement
Understanding this definition
1.
Visitor activity is concerned only withaspects of life outside normal routinesof work and social commitments, andoutside the location of those routines.
2.
The activity necessitates travel and, innearly every case, some form oftransport to the destination.
 
3
September 17, 2007(C) Prof. Nimit Chowdhary @IITTM13
TourismConceptsIndianInstitute ofTourism andTravelManagement
Understanding this definition
3.
Specific destinations are the focus for arange of activities and a range offacilities required to support thoseactivities.
4.
Such activities and facilities have acombination of economic, social andphysical environmental effects that arethe basis for tourism policy and visitormanagement programmes.
September 17, 2007(C) Prof. Nimit Chowdhary @IITTM14
TourismConceptsIndianInstitute ofTourism andTravelManagement
5 characteristics of thisdefinition
1.
There is nothing that restricts the totalmarket to overnight stays;it includessame day visits.
2.
There is nothing in it that restricts thetotal market to travel for leisure orpleasure.It includes travel for business,social, religious, educational, sports,and most other purposes.
September 17, 2007(C) Prof. Nimit Chowdhary @IITTM15
TourismConceptsIndianInstitute ofTourism andTravelManagement
5 characteristics of thisdefinition
3.
All tourism includes an element oftravel but all travel is not tourism.Thedefinition excludes all routine commutertravel and purely local travel such as toneighbourhoodshops, schools orhospitals, etc.
September 17, 2007(C) Prof. Nimit Chowdhary @IITTM16
TourismConceptsIndianInstitute ofTourism andTravelManagement
5 characteristics of thisdefinition
4.
Travel and tourism absorbs largeelements of individual leisure time andencompasses many recreationalactivities,but it is not synonymous witheither because bulk of all leisure andrecreation takes place in or aroundhome.
September 17, 2007(C) Prof. Nimit Chowdhary @IITTM17
TourismConceptsIndianInstitute ofTourism andTravelManagement
5 characteristics of thisdefinition
5.
All travel and tourism trips aretemporary movements;the bulk of thetotal market comprises trips of no morethan a few hours’or nights’duration.
September 17, 2007(C) Prof. Nimit Chowdhary @IITTM18
TourismConceptsIndianInstitute ofTourism andTravelManagement
How tourism industry works
Influenceson demandTourismimpacts
DEMAND
Domestic andinternationaltourists
SUPPLY
Touristdestinationsand facilitiesTRAVELTourism intermediariesRegulatory framework

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