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database-fundamentals

database-fundamentals

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Published by Krishna Kumar
database-fundamentals
database-fundamentals

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Published by: Krishna Kumar on Aug 27, 2010
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09/07/2010

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Database Fundamentals: 1File: N_drive:\jhu\class\1995\db-fund.ppt
© 1994, 1995 Robert Robbins
DatabaseFundamentals
Robert J. RobbinsJohns Hopkins Universityrrobbins@gdb.org
 
Database Fundamentals: 2File: N_drive:\jhu\class\1995\db-fund.ppt
© 1994, 1995 Robert Robbins
What is a Database?
General:
A database is any collection of related data.
Restrictive:
A database is a persistent, logically coherentcollection of inherently meaningful data, relevantto some aspects of the real world.
The portion of the real world relevant to the database is sometimes referredto as the
universe of discourse
or as the
database miniworld
. Whatever itis called, it must be well understood by the designers of the database.
 
Database Fundamentals: 3File: N_drive:\jhu\class\1995\db-fund.ppt
© 1994, 1995 Robert Robbins
What is a Database Management System?
A database management system (DBMS) is acollection of programs that enables users to createand maintain a database. According to theANSI/SPARC DBMS Report (1977), a DBMSshould be envisioned as a multi-layered system:
ConceptualSchemaPhysicalDatabaseInternalSchemaExternalView 1
• • • • •• • • • •
ExternalView n
External Level(individual user views)Conceptual Level(Enterprise-wide view\)Internal Level(storage view)Storage Level(physical storage)

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