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CS162Operating Systems andSystems ProgrammingLecture 23Networking III
November 19, 2008Prof. John Kubiatowiczhttp://inst.eecs.berkeley.edu/~cs162
Lec22.211/17/08Kubiatowicz CS162 ©UCB Fall 2008
Review: Network Protocols
Protocol:Agreement between two parties as to howinformation is to be transmitted
Example: system calls are the protocol between theoperating system and application
Networking examples: many levels
Physical level: mechanical and electrical network (e.g. howare 0 and 1 represented)
Link level: packet formats/error control (for instance, theCSMA/CD protocol)
Network level: network routing, addressing
Transport Level: reliable message delivery
Protocols on today’s Internet:
EthernetATMPacket radioIPUDPTCPRPCNFSWWWe-mailsshPhysical/LinkNetworkTransport
Lec22.311/17/08Kubiatowicz CS162 ©UCB Fall 2008
Review: IP Packet Format
IP Packet Format:
16-bit identificationToS413-bit fragoffTotal length(16-bits)protocolTTL16-bit header checksum32-bit source IP address32-bit destination IP addressIHLflagsoptions (if any)Data0151631IP Ver4IP HeaderLengthSize of datagram(header+data)Flags &Fragmentationto split largemessagesTime toLive (hops)Type oftransportprotocol
IP header20 bytes
Lec22.411/17/08Kubiatowicz CS162 ©UCB Fall 2008
Goals for Today
Continue discussion of reliable messaging
Sequence numbers for ordering
Acknowledgments for reliability
TCP windowing
One vs. two-way communication
Note: Some slides and/or pictures in the following areadapted from slides ©2005 Silberschatz, Galvin, and GagneNote: Some slides and/or pictures in the following areadapted from slides ©2005 Silberschatz, Galvin, and Gagne.Many slides generated from my lecture notes by Kubiatowicz.

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