Introduction to Fundamental Concepts of Chemistry
It is the smallest particle of an element which can exist with all theproperties of its own element but it cannot exist in atmosphere alone.
When two or more than two atoms are combined with each other a moleculeis formed. It can exist freely in nature.
It is the sum of the weights of the atoms present in the formula of asubstance.
It is the sum of the atomic masses of all the atoms present in a molecule.
It is a branch of science which deals with the properties, composition andthe structure of matter.
It is the simplest formula of a chemical compound which represents theelement present of the compound and also represent the simplest ratiobetween the elements of the compound.
The empirical formula of benzene is "CH". It indicates that the benzenemolecule is composed of two elements carbon and hydrogen and the ratiobetween these two elements is 1:1.The empirical formula of glucose is "CH2O". This formula represents thatglucose molecule is composed of three elements carbon, hydrogen andoxygen. The ratio between carbon and oxygen is equal but hydrogen isdouble.