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How to Perform Wudu

How to Perform Wudu

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Published by: farezali on Aug 27, 2010
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09/13/2014

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How to Perform
Wudu
 
(Islamic Ablution)
 
There are two forms of ablution: the partial ablution (
wudu
) and the complete ablution (
ghusl 
). In addition,there is a symbolic ablution (
tayammum
), to be used when no water is available or a person cannot usewater because of reasons of health. One should be in a state of purity before performing prayer or reading the Qur'an.The following actions or conditions nullify this state of purity and require the partial ablution:
 
discharges from the body (urine, stools, gas)
 
the flow of blood or pus from the body
 
vomiting
 
falling asleep
 
becoming intoxicated
 
The following actions or conditions require the full ablution:
 
sexual intercourse
 
wet dreams
 
the expiration of a women's menstrual period
 
after childbirth
 
Wudu 
, the Partial Ablution
 1.
 
Declare the intention that this act is for the purpose of worship and purity.
 2.
 
Wash the hands up to the wrist three times.
 3.
 
Rinse out the mouth with water three times.
 4.
 
Cleanse the nostrils of the nose by sniffing water into them three times.
 5.
 
Wash the whole face three times with both hands²from the top of the forehead to the bottom of the chin, from ear to ear.
 6.
 
Wash the right arm three times up to the top of the elbow, then wash the left arm.
 7.
 
Wipe the whole head from the forehead to the back of the neck one time with a wet hand.
 8.
 
With wet fingers, wipe the inner sides of the ears with the forefingers and their outer sides withthe thumbs.
 9.
 
Wipe around the neck with wet hands.
 10.
 
Wipe the two feet up to the ankles, three times, beginning with the right foot. (If shoes and socksor stockings are on and and socks or stockings have been on since last performing the ablution, itis not four hours, the socks or stockings should be removed and the feet washed.)
 
Gh
usl 
, the Full Ablution
 1.
 
Declare the intention that this act is for the purpose of worship and purity.
2.
 
Wash the whole body²including nostrils, mouth and head.
 
Tayamm
m
, the Symbolic Ablution
 1.
 
Declare the intention that this act is for the purpose of worship and purity.
2.
 
Touch earth, sand, or stone lightly with both hands and then wipe the face with them once asdone in the partial ablution.Touch earth, sand, or stone lightly with both hands and then wipe the right arm to the elbow withthe left hand and the left arm with the right hand
 
How to Perform
Salaat 
B
efore
a
aat 
 
1
. Body, clothes and place of prayer must be clean.
 
2. Perform
udu 
(ritual ablution)
if needed.
 
3. Women are required to cover their hair.
 
4. Face the
Qib
la
, the direction of Mecca.
 
5
. Stand erect, head down, hands at sides, feet evenly spaced.
6.
Recite
Iq 
ama
(private call to prayer):
 
Iq 
ama
 
 A
ll 
aa
h
 Akbar 
(4x)
 
 A
s
hh
a
du 
 A
ll 
a
h
il 
aa
h
a
ill 
a-La
h
(2x)
 
 A
s
h
a
du 
anna
Mu 
h
ama
ar 
 
ra
suulull 
a
h
(2x)
 
ayya' 
 
a
a
s
a
aa
h
(2x)
 
ayya' 
 
a
a
a
aa
h
(2x)
 
[
ajr 
only
 
]
 A- 
a
aat 
u K 
h
ayr 
n
Mi 
na-Na
m
(2x)
 
a
aam
is
a
aa
h
(2x) [Iqama only - not
 
recited in Athan]
 
 A
ll 
aa
h
 Akbar 
(2x)
 
Laa
il 
aa
h
a
ill 
a-La
h
 
G
od is great
.
(x4)
 
I bear witness that there none worthy of worship except
G
od
.
(x2)
 
I bear witness that Muhammad is the Messenger of 
G
od
.
 (x2)
 
Come to prayer 
.
(x2)
 
Come to felicity
.
(x2)
 
[Fajr only
 
] Prayer is better than sleep
.
(x2)[Iqama only
 
] Our prayers are now ready
.
Our prayers arenow ready
.
(x2)
 
G
od is great
.
(x2)
 
There is none worthy of worship except
G
od
.
 
7.
Express intent to perform
a
aat 
(
n
yyat 
):
 
I intend to offer _____ 
akat 
s of the ____ prayer, and face the
Qib
la
for the sake of Allah and Allah alone.
 
(For example: "I intend to offer the 4
akat 
s of the Isha prayer and face the
Qib
la
for the sake of Allah and Allah alone.")
 
Beg 
n
 
a
aat 
 
1.
 
yyat 
:
Stand with respect and attention; put the world behind you.
 
Bring hands to ears, palms forward, thumbs behind earlobes and say (The entire prayer 
must
be recitedin Arabic, but for your information we give the English translation next to the Arabic transliteration) :
 
 
 A
ll 
a
h
 Akbar 
 
G
od is great
.
 
.
 
yam
: Place right hand over left, men below navel, women at chest level;
 
look at the ground in front of you and recite
Opening Supplication
(optional):
 
b
h
aana
 
a
a
 
h
mma
 
a
 
b
h
am
di 
ka
 
a
 
tabaara
 
ka
s
m
ka
 
a
 
ta'aa
aa
 
 ja
ddu 
ka
 
a
aa
il 
aa
h
a
 
h
a
 
 
 
 
 A' 
uud 
h
b
ill 
aa
h
m
na
s
h
s
h
a
taan
 
ar-Raj 
ee
m
 
G
lory to You, O Allah, and Yours is thepraise
.
 
And blessed is Your Name, and exalted is Your Majesty
.
 
And there is no deity to be worshipped but You
 
* * *
 
I seek refuge in Allah from Satan, theaccursed
.
 
3
.
at 
h
a
: Recite aloud the
at 
ha
, the first surah of the Qur'an.MP3 RealAudio
 
B
is
m
ill 
aa
h
 
ar-Ra
h
man
 
ar-Ra
h
ee
m
 
 A
h
am
du lill 
aa
h
rabb
il 
'a
am
ee
n
 
 Ar-Ra
h
man
 
ar-Ra
h
ee
m
 
aa
li 
ya
m
id D
ee
n
 
yyaaka
 
na'ab
udu 
a
 
yaaka
 
na
s
ta' 
ee
n
 
h
di 
na
s si 
raata
m
us
ta
ee
m
 
raata
l l 
a
h
ee
na
 
an
 
'amta' 
 
a
a
h
m
 
Gh
a
il 
ma
h
duu 
b
 
a
a
h
m
 
a
a
aa
ee
n
 
 Aam
ee
n
 
In the name of 
G
od, the infinitelyCompassionate and Merciful
.
 
Praise be to
G
od, Lord of all the worlds
.
 
The Compassionate, the Merciful
.
 
Ruler on the Day of Reckoning
.
 
 You alone do we worship, and You alone dowe ask for help
.
 
G
uide us on the straight path,
 
the path of those who have received your grace;
 
not the path of those who have broughtdown wrath, nor of those who wander astray
.
 
Amen
.
 
For the first two
rakat 
s at any time of prayer, recite an additionalshort selection from the Qur'anafter alFatiha
.
 
4
.
 
k' 
: Hands drop to sides; bend from waist, palms on knees, back parallel to ground; look at feet.
 

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