well-being); Care is curing; and Care is (or should be) the central and dominant focus of nursing and transcultural nursing decisions and actions". Transcultural nursing promotesand upholds these ideas because human beings are born, live, work and die within aculture care context and viewpoint. To neglect cultural factors such as one's religion,family ties, and economical, political, educational and technological factors can lead tonon-caring and cultural negligence with often non-beneficial outcomes (Leininger, 1998).
Defined as a humanistic and scientific area of formal study and practice in nursing whichis focused upon differences and similarities among cultures with respect to human care,health, and illness based upon the people's cultural values, beliefs, and practices, and touse this knowledge to provide cultural specific or culturally congruent nursing care to people.
Leininger (1991) notes the main goal of transcultural nursing is to provide culturallyspecific care. But before transcultural nursing can be adequately understood, there must be a basic knowledge of key terminology such as culture, cultural values, culturallydiverse nursing care, ethnocentrism, race, and ethnography.
Definition of Terms:
refers to norms and practices of a particular group that are learned andshared and guide thinking, decisions, and actions.2.
are the individual's desirable or preferred way of acting or knowing something that is sustained over a period of time and which governs actions or decisions.3.
Culturally diverse nursing care
is an optimal mode of health care delivery,refers to the variability of nursing approaches needed to provide culturally appropriate carethat incorporates an individual’s cultural values, beliefs, and practices including sensitivity tothe environment from which the individual comes and to which the individual may ultimatelyreturn. (Leininger, 1985).
In the early 1900s, Max Weber, one of the pioneers of modern sociology, designed a perfectly rational organizational form, called a bureaucracy. Among the characteristics of this