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BHERU LAL Project

BHERU LAL Project

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Published by Bheru Lal
CHAPTER # I INTRODUCTION 1.1 Introduction Nursing schools are responsible for producing well educated, knowledgeable, and skilled nurses who "can make reasoned and informed patient oriented decisions in a variety of health care delivery settings". Traditionally, admission criteria have been considered good predictors of students' success and have been used to screen out applicants in various academic and professional programmes including nursing, medicine, teaching, and other fields. Studies hav
CHAPTER # I INTRODUCTION 1.1 Introduction Nursing schools are responsible for producing well educated, knowledgeable, and skilled nurses who "can make reasoned and informed patient oriented decisions in a variety of health care delivery settings". Traditionally, admission criteria have been considered good predictors of students' success and have been used to screen out applicants in various academic and professional programmes including nursing, medicine, teaching, and other fields. Studies hav

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Published by: Bheru Lal on Aug 28, 2010
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CHAPTER # IINTRODUCTION1.1 Introduction
 Nursing schools are responsible for producing well educated,knowledgeable, and skilled nurses who "can make reasoned and informed patient oriented decisions in a variety of health care delivery settings".Traditionally, admission criteria have been considered good predictors of students' success and have been used to screen out applicants in variousacademic and professional programmes including nursing, medicine,teaching, and other fields. Studies have found that certain academic and non-academic factors such as age, gender, ethnic background, preadmissionqualification, and performance in aptitude tests could predict the academic performance of the students in various professional programmes.The academic performance of nursing students impacts their futureeducational attainment and health and has therefore emerged as a publichealth concern. Generally, as levels of education increase, there is anassociated increase in income and social status. This associated increase insocioeconomic status affects health by influencing access to health care,quality of housing, work environment, lifestyle factors, such as nutrition andrecreation, and social psychological factors, such as self-esteem and healthawareness. Given the demonstrated importance of academic performanceand resulting educational attainment to future health and career, it isimperative to understand the determinants of school performance. A number of factors are recognized as affecting school performance including gender,ethnicity, and quality of school and school experience, nutrition, student’shealth, and socioeconomic factors. This paper focuses on the comparative
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study to academic performance of nursing students of regular scheme andself-finance scheme students.Research related to predictors of academic performance in nursing educationhas been done in United States, United Kingdom (UK), Canada andAustralia. Predictor variables identified in various studies are not consistent;for instance, some studies have identified younger age as a significant predictor of success and others considered older age a significant predictor.Besides, there are some research studies, which revealed age as a totallyinsignificant variable. Few studies have found gender as a significant predictor of performance, however, preadmission academic performancewas found to be a good predictor of performance by many researchers."While a large number of comparative studies have been done to find anaccurate predictor of success, few have proved reliable over time. No onefactor alone can accurately predict individual passing".While each study that has been conducted has provided data to support theability to predict success by considering several factors, educators must usecaution when viewing the results exclusively.Though research has been conducted to identify predictors of academic performance in medical and dental education in Pakistan, no attempt has been made to study the predictors of performance in nursing education. Thisstudy was conducted to fill this gap and to explore the predictors of academic performance of the student’s regular scheme and self-financescheme of Basic Nursing Diploma Programme in School of Nursing Sir C-JInstitute Of Psychiatry Hyderabad, Sindh, Pakistan. Nursing educators and institutions have an ethical obligation to ensureacademic standards that are reasonable and fair, yet effective indicators of students' success. When an educational institution issues a diploma to one of 
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its students, it is, in effect certifying the society that the student possesses allthe knowledge and skills that are required in his chosen discipline. Toremain competitive and accountable, it is imperative for nursing programmes to have efficient and reliable admission criteria. Quantitativedata and research-based facts are essential for the development, revision andmodification of the admission criteria to guide nursing educators to identifyand select those students who will successfully complete the nursingProgramme. It also helps in minimizing the wastage of human and materialresources that occur due to student failure and attrition.Admission in a nursing Programme is the first step for entering in thenursing profession. Identifying and recruiting students who are most likelyto succeed in the nursing Programme is an important role of the admissioncriteria. An effective admission criterion not only helps in selecting theappropriate candidates, but also helps in identifying students who are at arisk of failure. Furthermore, knowledge about predictors of academic performance helps in developing strategies to facilitate students' success inthe nursing education Programmes and licensing examination. This studysought to investigate the predictive ability of admission criteria in relation tothe subsequent academic performance of the student’s regular scheme andself-finance scheme of general nursing diploma Programme in School of  Nursing Sir C-J Institute Of Psychiatry Hyderabad, Sindh, Pakistan.
1.2. Purpose of study
The general purpose of the current study is to explore the causes inacademic performance of the student’s regular scheme and self-finance scheme of general nursing diploma Programme at School of  Nursing Sir C-J Institute Of Psychiatry Hyderabad, Sindh, Pakistan.
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