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Aloe Vera

Aloe Vera

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Published by januppriya
Notes about "Aloe Vera" , a great medicinal for human health
Notes about "Aloe Vera" , a great medicinal for human health

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Published by: januppriya on Aug 28, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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10/30/2013

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 Aloe vera
 
 Aloe vera
 
 Aloe vera
plant with flower detail inset.
Kingdom:Plantae
Genus:
Species:
 Aloe vera
 
 Aloe vera
 Aloe vera
, also known as the
medicinal aloe
, is a species of succulent plant thatprobably originated in Northern Africa, the Canary islands and Cape Verde.
 Aloevera
grows in arid climates and is widely distributed in Africa, India and other aridareas. The species is frequently cited as being used in herbal medicine. Manyscientific studies of the use of aloe vera have been undertaken, some of themconflicting. Despite these limitations, there is some preliminary evidence that
 Aloe
 
 
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vera
extracts may be useful in the treatment of wound and burnhealing, diabetes and elevated blood lipids in humans. These positive effects arethought to be due to the presence of compounds suchaspolysaccharides,mannans,anthraquinonesandlectins.  Description
 Aloe vera
is a stemless or very short-stemmedsucculentplant growing to 60
 – 
100 cm (24
 – 
39 in) tall, spreading byoffsets.The leaves are thick and fleshy, greento grey-green, with some varieties showing white flecks on the upper and lowerstem surfaces. Like other
 Aloe
species,
 Aloe vera
formsarbuscular mycorrhiza, asymbiosisthat allows the plant better access tomineralnutrients in soil.
 Taxonomy and etymologySpotted forms of 
 Aloe vera
are sometimes known as
 Aloe vera
var.
chinensis
.The species has a number of synonyms: 
 A. barbadensis
Mill.,
 Aloeindica
Royle,
 Aloe perfoliata
L. var.
vera
and
 A. vulgaris
Lam.,
 
and commonnames including Chinese Aloe, Indian Aloe, true Aloe, Barbados Aloe, burn Aloe,first aid plant.
 
The species name
vera
means "true" or "genuine." Some literatureidentifies the white spotted form of 
 Aloe vera
as
 Aloe vera
var.
chinensis
,
 
however, the species varies widely with regard to leaf spots and it has beensuggested that the spotted form of 
 Aloe vera
may beconspecificwith
 A.massawana
.
 
The species was first described byCarl Linnaeusin 1753 as
 Aloe perfoliata
var.
vera
,
 
and was described again in 1768 byNicolaas LaurensBurmanas
 Aloe vera
in
Flora Indica
on the 6th of April and byPhilipMilleras
 Aloe barbadensis
some ten days after Burman in the
Gardener's Dictionary
.
 
 
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Techniques based onDNAcomparison suggest that
 Aloe vera
is relatively closelyrelated to 
,a species that is endemic toYemen.Similar techniques, usingchloroplastDNA sequence comparison andISSRprofiling have also suggested that
 Aloe vera
is closely related to 
, 
,
 and 
.
 
With the exception of South Africanspecies,
 A. striata
, these
 Aloe
species are nativetoSocotra(Yemen),SomaliaandSudan.
 
The lack of obvious natural populationsof the species have led some authors to suggest that
 Aloe vera
may beof hybridorigin.DistributionThe natural range of 
 Aloe vera
is unclear, as the species has been widely cultivatedthroughout the world. Naturalised stands of the species occur in the southern half of theArabian peninsula,through North Africa,fromMoroccotoEgyptandSudan,along with theCanary,Cape VerdeandMadeira Islands.
 
This distribution is similar to the one of Euphorbiabalsamifera,Pistacia atlanticaand a few others, suggesting that a dry sclerophylforest once covered large areas, but has been dramatically reduced due todesertification in theSahara,leaving these few patches isolated. The species wasintroduced toChina,Indiaand various parts of southern Europe in the 17th century.
 
The species is widely naturalised elsewhere, occurring in temperate andtropical regions of Australia,Barbados,Belize,Nigeria,Paraguayand theUS
It hasbeen suggested that the actual's species distribution is the result of humancultivation and that the taxinomy could be doubtful too.
 
Alternative names
- In India, the plant is known as
Ghrtakumari
घ   ृतक   ुमार 
)
or
Gheekvar 
(
घीवार 
)
 and is sometimes used in Ayurvedic healing. In states of RajasthanandGujaratit is known as GwarPatha- In Pakistan, the plant is known as
Quargandal
and is used in Unani (Greek-Islamic) medicine.- In South America it is known as
Sabila
.- In Indonesia, it is known as
 Lidah Buaya
.

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