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Charlemagne, Muhammad & the Arab Roots of Capitalism - Gene W. Heck

Charlemagne, Muhammad & the Arab Roots of Capitalism - Gene W. Heck

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Published by MuslimThunder
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http://www.scribd.com/doc/23425281/Charlemagne-Muhammad-the-Arab-Roots-of-Capitalism

http://www.ebooksx.com/Charlemagne-Muhammad-and-the-Arab-Roots-of-Capitalism_235185.html

http://books.google.com/books?id=5qNgiv-ZOEAC&source=gbs_navlinks_s

Gene W. Heck explores the role of Islam in precipitating Europe's twelfth century commercial renaissance. Determining that Europe's medieval feudal interregnum was largely caused by indigenous governmental business regulation and not by shifts in international trade patterns, he demonstrates how Islamic economic precepts provided the ideological rationales that empowered medieval Europe to escape its three-centuries-long experiment in Dark Age economics--in the process, providing the West with its archetypical tools of capitalism.

http://www.degruyter.com/cont/fb/ph/detailEn.cfm?id=IS-9783110192292-1

Commercial exchanges:

Commercial exchanges occurred between the Carolingian and Abassid realms, and Arabic coins are known to have spread in Carolingian Europe in that period. Arab gold is reported to have circulated in Europe during the 9th century, apparently in payment of the export of slaves, timber, iron and weapons from Europe to Eastern lands.

As a famous example, the 8th century English king Offa of Mercia is known to have minted copies of Abbasid dinars struck in 774 by Caliph Al-Mansur with "Offa Rex" centered on the reverse amid inscriptions in Pseudo-Kufic script.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abbasid%E2%80%93Carolingian_alliance

Link to download & preview;

http://www.scribd.com/doc/23425281/Charlemagne-Muhammad-the-Arab-Roots-of-Capitalism

http://www.ebooksx.com/Charlemagne-Muhammad-and-the-Arab-Roots-of-Capitalism_235185.html

http://books.google.com/books?id=5qNgiv-ZOEAC&source=gbs_navlinks_s

Gene W. Heck explores the role of Islam in precipitating Europe's twelfth century commercial renaissance. Determining that Europe's medieval feudal interregnum was largely caused by indigenous governmental business regulation and not by shifts in international trade patterns, he demonstrates how Islamic economic precepts provided the ideological rationales that empowered medieval Europe to escape its three-centuries-long experiment in Dark Age economics--in the process, providing the West with its archetypical tools of capitalism.

http://www.degruyter.com/cont/fb/ph/detailEn.cfm?id=IS-9783110192292-1

Commercial exchanges:

Commercial exchanges occurred between the Carolingian and Abassid realms, and Arabic coins are known to have spread in Carolingian Europe in that period. Arab gold is reported to have circulated in Europe during the 9th century, apparently in payment of the export of slaves, timber, iron and weapons from Europe to Eastern lands.

As a famous example, the 8th century English king Offa of Mercia is known to have minted copies of Abbasid dinars struck in 774 by Caliph Al-Mansur with "Offa Rex" centered on the reverse amid inscriptions in Pseudo-Kufic script.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abbasid%E2%80%93Carolingian_alliance

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Published by: MuslimThunder on Aug 28, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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01/12/2015

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