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Biology

Biology

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Published by vraj007bond

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Published by: vraj007bond on Aug 29, 2010
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01/06/2012

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Tissueis a cellular organizational level intermediate betweencellsand acomplete organism. Hence, a tissue is an ensemble of cells, not necessarilyidentical, but from the same origin, that together carry out a specificfunction.Organsare then formed by the functional grouping together of multiple tissues.The study of tissue is known ashistologyor, in connection withdisease,histopathologye classical tools for studying tissues are theparaffin blockin which tissue isembedded and then sectioned, thehistological stain, and theoptical microscope.In the last couple of decades, developments inelectronmicroscopy,immunofluorescence, and the use offrozen tissue sectionshaveenhanced the detail that can be observed in tissues. With these tools, theclassical appearances of tissues can be examined in health and disease, enablingconsiderable refinement of clinical diagnosis and prognosis.
 
C
onnective tissues function primarily to support the body andtobindorconnecttogether all types of tissue. This tissue also provideamechanical framework (the skeleton)which plays an important roleinlocomotion. Unlike epithelial tissue, connective tissue is characterised bythelarge amounts of intercellular substance(also calledground substanceor thematrix) that it contains.
C
onnective tissue arerelatively few cellswhich are widelyseperatedfrom eachother. Theseliving cellsare responsible forsecretingthe large amountsofintercellular ground substance (matrix). The matrix is anon-livingmaterialwhich may beliquid (eg. blood), semi-solid (eg. connectivetissue)orsolid (eg. bone). Embedded in the matrix are a variety ofconnecting andsupporting fibres, eg. collagen fibres and elastic fibres.
C
lassificationof the basic connective tissue depends
on the
predominant fibretypepresent in each.
C
onnective tissue can be divided into four main types

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