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Fire Fighting Systems Onboard

Fire Fighting Systems Onboard

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Published by Marjan Brčić
This project describes all Fire Fighting System onboard M/V “COSCO Vancouver”. Also include some general information and knowledge about Fire Fighting Onboard.
This project describes all Fire Fighting System onboard M/V “COSCO Vancouver”. Also include some general information and knowledge about Fire Fighting Onboard.

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Marjan Brčić on Aug 29, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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06/20/2013

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M/V COSCO VancouverProject Title:
Fire Fighting Systems onboardM/V “Cosco Vancouver”
Engine Cadet: Chief Engineer:
Br
č
i
ć
Marjan Behrens Rolf At sea, 2007
 
 Br 
č 
ć 
Marjan, E/CDT Fire Fighting Systems
CONTENTS 
 Introduction………. …………. ………….. ………… ……………. ……….. ……………...2FIRE EXTINGUISHING APPLIANCES… ……….. …………. ……….. …………….. …3CO
2
Fire Extinguisher System… ……………………………………………. ………… ….3Fire – Extinguishers in the Galley…. ………. ………….. ………….. …………… ……..8Fire Line (seawater) Distribution….. …………… …………….. …………….. …………8Fixed Local Water Mist 
 
Fire Fighting System…….. ……….. ………… ………….. ….10 Moveable Fire Extinguishers…….. ……………… ………… ……… ……… …………..13FIRE FIGHTING EQUIPMENT…………. …………… ………… ………….. …………14Fireman’s Outfit…….. ……… ……… ………………….. ………………. ……………….14Chemical Protective Clothing……… …….. …….. …… ………. …… …………………15 Breathing Apparatus……….. …………….. ……………… …………….. ……………….15 ENGINE ROOM FIRES…………. ……………… ………………. ……………… ………16 GENERAL RULES FOR FIRE EXTINGUISHING(Instead of Resume)………………………… …………………………. …………………..16 
_____________________________________________________________________1
 
 Br 
č 
ć 
Marjan, E/CDT Fire Fighting Systems
 Introduction
Oxidation – Combustion – Fire
The chemical process by which a combustible substance combines withoxygen with release of heat to form a new substance, the oxide, is called oxidation.A rapidly-proceeding oxidation with the appearance of light is calledcombustion; the light, flame and heat created during combustion are called fire.
Combustion Process
Combustion always depends on four preconditions which must coincide:1.
 
There must be a combustible substance,2.
 
Oxygen must have unimpeded access,3.
 
The ignition temperature of the combustible substance must be attained orexceeded, and4.
 
The proportion of ingredients necessary for the compound of the combustiblesubstance with oxygen must be attained.
Classes of Fires
The object of subdivision into classes of fires is the appropriate allocation of extinction methods and means to the various combustible substances.
 
A
Fires involving solids, mainly organicmaterials, which normally form a glowingmass when burning;
e.g. wood, paper, straw,coal, textiles, car tyres.
 
B
Fires involving liquids, or substances whichbecome liquid;
e.g. petrol, oils, greases,lacquers/paints, resins, waxes, tar, ether,alcohols, plastics.
 
C
Fires involving gases;
e.g. methane, propane,hydrogen, acetylene, town gas.
 
D
Fires involving metals;
e.g. aluminium,magnesium, lithium, sodium, potassium andtheir alloys.
 
_____________________________________________________________________2

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