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Regional Internet Registry

Regional Internet Registry

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Published by ivaylo

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: ivaylo on Aug 29, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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09/04/2010

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Regional Internet registry1
Regional Internet registry
A
regional Internet registry
(
RIR
) is an organization that manages the allocation and registration of Internetnumber resources within a particular region of the world. Internet number resources include IP addresses andautonomous system (AS) numbers.
Regional Internet Registries
There are five RIRs:African Network Information Centre (AfriNIC)
[1]
for AfricaAmerican Registry for Internet Numbers(ARIN)
[2]
for Canada, several parts of theCaribbean region, and the United States.Asia-Pacific Network Information Centre(APNIC)
[3]
for Asia, Australia, and neighboringcountriesLatin American and Caribbean Internet Addresses Registry (LACNIC)
[4]
for Latin America and parts of theCaribbean regionRIPE NCC
[5]
for Europe, the Middle East, and Central Asia
The relationship between RIRs and IANA
The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) delegates Internet resources to the RIRs who, in turn, follow theirregional policies to delegate resources to their customers, which include Internet service providers and end-userorganizations. Collectively, the RIRs participate in the Number Resource Organization (NRO),
[6]
formed as a bodyto represent their collective interests, undertake joint activities, and coordinate their activities globally. The NRO hasentered into an agreement with ICANN for the establishment of the Address Supporting Organisation (ASO),
[7]
which undertakes coordination of global IP addressing policies within the ICANN framework.
Number Resource Organization
The
Number Resource Organization
[8]
(NRO) is an unincorporatedorganization uniting the five RIRs. It came into existence on October24, 2003, when the four existing RIRs entered into a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) in order to undertake joint activities, including joint technical projects, liaison activities and policy co-ordination.AfriNIC, which was officially created in April 2005, joined on April25, 2005.The main aims of the NRO are to:Protect the unallocated IP number resource pool,Promote and protect the bottom-up policy development process of the Internet, andAct as a focal point for Internet community input into the RIR system.
 
Regional Internet registry2
See also
Country code top-level domainGeolocation softwareInternet governanceLocal Internet registryNational Internet registryNRO in es, de, ja
References
[1]African Network Information Centre (http://www.afrinic.net)[2]American Registry for Internet Numbers (http://www.arin.net)[3]Asia-Pacific Network Information Centre (http://www.apnic.net)[4]Latin American and Caribbean Internet Address Registry (http://www.
 
lacnic.net)[5]RIPE Network Coordination Centre (http://www.
 
ripe.
 
net)[6]Number Resource Organization (http://www.
 
nro.
 
net/)[7]The Address Supporting Organization (http://www.aso.icann.org)[8]NRO Website (http://www.
 
nro.
 
net)

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