Counselling Theory and Practice:-
PSYCHODYNAMIC APPROACHES TO HELPING
Heartsease Training, Shifnal Shropshire email : -
© 2010 - Peter Creagh, Trainer, Supervisor and BACP Registered Counsellor UKRC
The Structure of Mental Processes and its Three Components or Agents
‘ it’ or Child
The Id is like a child, dominated by the
. It is our reservoir of primitiveinstincts, impulses and urges, Freud suggested that it was dominated by two core drive :
Love V HateLife V DeathSex V Aggression
The ID is irrational and demanding
‘ It wasn’t me ‘ ‘ It seemed to overpower me ‘ ‘It just happened’ etc.
This is our ADULT part . It is rational and operates in the CONSCIOUS part of our self. Itmakes decisions based on reality and has the task of filtering and testing demands andmessages from the ID and SUPER EGO. It has an overall balancing task to perform.
I don’t know what to do ‘ I need to think’
SUPER _ EGO Over/Above I
This is the
, the conscience, where rules, taboos, shoulds, should not’s, oughtsand ought not’s rule. These are stored away for reference. The attitudes we store awayare mainly internalised from parents or other significant adult figures.Both the ID and Super-Ego are mainly rooted in the sub-conscious/ Unconscious . Therole of the EGO is to try to balance the (often) conflicting demands of the ID and SUPEREGO