Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Standard view
Full view
of .
0 of .
Results for:
P. 1
ClassicalMechanics-SB11-2005

# ClassicalMechanics-SB11-2005

Ratings: (0)|Views: 10 |Likes:

Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: jamesbondrus on Aug 29, 2010

### Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
See more
See less

08/29/2010

pdf

text

original

GRE study sheet Steven Byrnes
1. Classical Mechanics - 20%
(such as kinematics, Newton’s laws, work and energy, oscillatory motion, rotational motionabout a ﬁxed axis, dynamics of systems of particles, central forces and celestial mechanics,three-dimensional particle dynamics, Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formalism, noninertialreference frames, elementary topics in ﬂuid dynamics)
v
in terms of
x
in uniform acceleration.
v
2
=
v
20
+ 2
a
(
x
x
0
)
Lagrangian. Let
=kinetic energy,
=potential energy.
L
=
L
(
q,
˙
q,t
) =
Euler-Lagrange equations of motion.
ddt
∂L∂
˙
q
=
∂L∂q
Action. Pick the path with the correct endpoints that minimizes
=

t
1
t
0
L
(
q
(
t
)
,
˙
q
(
t
)
,t
)
dt
Conjugate momentum.
p
=
∂L∂
˙
q
Hamiltonian.
=
p
˙
q
L
=
+
Hamiltonian equations of motion.˙
q
=
∂H ∂p
˙
p
=
∂H ∂q
Bernoulli’s Equation for ﬂuid ﬂow. (Assume incompressible, nonviscous, laminar ﬂow;this equation holds along ﬂowlines, or if the ﬂow is irrotational, it holds everywhere.)Take
g
as positive.
p
+
ρgy
+12
ρv
2
= constant1

GRE study sheet Steven Byrnes
2. E&M - 18%
(such as electrostatics, currents and DC circuits, magnetic ﬁelds in free space, Lorentz force,induction, Maxwell’s equations and their applications, electromagnetic waves, AC circuits,magnetic and electric ﬁelds in matter)
ε
and
µ
(names,

and
 D
,

and
 B
,
χ
e
,
χ
m
,
n
,
c
).
ε
= “permittivity”
µ
= “permeability”
 D
=
ε 
=1
µ Bε
=
ε
0
(1 +
χ
e
) (
χ
e
= “electric susceptibility”)
µ
=
µ
0
(1 +
χ
m
) (
χ
m
= “magnetic susceptibility”)
n
=

εµε
0
µ
0
=
cc
eﬀ
c
=1
ε
0
µ
0
Typical values of
ε
,
µ
.
Permittivity:
ε > ε
0
almost always, with
χ
e
>
0.
Diamagnetics:
µ < µ
0
,
χ
m
<
0. No unpaired electrons. Field is reduced by Lenz’slaw acting on electron orbitals.
Paramagnetics:
µ > µ
0
,
χ
m
>
0. Has some unpaired electrons, which align withand increase the magnetic ﬁeld.
Ferromagnetics:
µ >> µ
0
(although of course not linear). Unpaired electrons,domains, and such and such.How to remember dia versus para: “In a diamagnet, the magnetic ﬁeld dies.”
Maxwell’s equations.Gauss’s Law:

·
 D
=
ρ
free
;

∂V
 D
·
ndA
=
Q
enclosed
No monopoles:

·
 B
= 0;

∂V
 B
·
ndA

×

=
∂  B∂t
;

∂S

·
d
=
ddt B
ﬂux through
Amp`ere’s Law (modiﬁed):

×

=

+
∂  D∂t
;

∂S

·
d
=
through
+
ddtD
ﬂux through
2

GRE study sheet Steven Byrnes
Induced voltage from Faraday’s Law. Φ =ﬂux of magnetic ﬁeld through coil,
=numberof turns. Sign is determined by Lenz’s Law.
=
d
Φ
dt
Coulomb’s Law.
=14
πε
0
q
1
q
2
r
2
Biot-Savart Law.
d B
=
µ
0
4
π Id L
×
ˆ
rr
2
Magnetic ﬁeld on axis of a circle of current.
µ
=
µ
0
2
r
2
(
r
2
+
z
2
)
3
/
2
µ
=
µ
0
2
r,
at center of loop
Magnetic ﬁeld from inﬁnite straight wire. Direction of
 B
from right-hand rule.
B
=
µ
0
2
πR
Force on a wire.
=
I d
×
 B
Boundary conditions for

,
 D
,

,
 B
in macroscopic media. In absence of surface cur-rents and surface charge, the normal components of
 D
and
 B
are continuous, and thetangential components of

and

are continuous.
Capacitor – capacitance and energy.
Q
=
C
=12
C
2
Capacitance of a parallel-plate capacitor.
=