ABDOMINAL COMPARTMENT SYNDROME
The IAP is usually 0 mmHg during spontaneous respiration, and is slightlypositive in the patient on mechanical ventilation.
IAP increases in direct relation to body mass index, and in one report, supinehospitalized patients had a mean baseline value of 6.5 mmHg.
The compliance of the abdominal wall generally limits the rise in IAP butincreases rapidly after a critical IAP.
Critical IAP varies from patient to patient, based on abdominal wall complianceon perfusion gradient.
IAH often defined as IAP > 12mmHg.
Previous pregnancy, cirrhosis, morbid obesity, may increase abdominal wallcompliance and can be protective .