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04-01ChapGere

04-01ChapGere

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Published by Chrissy Buckle

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Published by: Chrissy Buckle on Aug 31, 2010
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07/29/2013

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Shear Forces and Bending Moments
Problem 4.3-1
Calculate the shear force
and bending moment
 M 
at a cross section just to the left of the 1600-lb load acting on the simplebeam
 AB
shown in the figure.
Solution 4.3-1
Simple beam
4
Shear Forces andBending Moments
259
 AB
1600 lb800 lb120 in.30 in.60 in.30 in.
 M 
 A
0:
 R
 B
1400lb
 M 
 B
0:
 R
 A
1000lb
Free-body diagram of segment
 DB
42,000
 
lb-in.
©
 M 
 D
0:
 M 
(1400
 
lb)(30
 
in.)
 
200
 
lb
©
VERT
0:
1600
 
lb
1400
 
lb
 
 AB
1600 lb800 lb30 in.60 in.30 in.
 D R
 A
 R
 B
 B
1600 lb30 in.
 D R
 B
 M 
Problem 4.3-2
Determine the shear force
and bending moment
 M 
at the midpoint
of the simple beam
 AB
shown in the figure.
Solution 4.3-2
Simple beam
 A B
2.0 kN/m6.0 kN1.0 m1.0 m4.0 m2.0 m
 A B
2.0 kN/m6.0 kN1.0 m1.0 m2.0 m
 R
 A
 R
 B
 M 
 A
0:
 R
 B
4.5kN
 M 
 B
0:
 R
 A
5.5kN
Free-body diagram of segment
 AC 
©
 M 
0:
 M 
5.0
 
kN
m
©
VERT
0:
0.5
 
kN
 A
6.0 kN1.0 m1.0 m
 R
 A
 M 
 
Problem 4.3-3
Determine the shear force
and bending moment
 M 
atthe midpoint of the beam with overhangs (see figure). Note that one loadacts downward and the other upward.
Solution 4.3-3
Beam with overhangs
260
CHAPTER4Shear Forces and Bending Moments
PPbbL
P
 
¢
1
2
b L
(upward)
 R
 A
1
 L
[
P
(
 L
b
b
)]
 
©
 M 
 B
0
Free-body diagram
(
is the midpoint
) 
 M 
PL
2
Pb
Pb
PL
2
0
 M 
P
 
¢
1
2
b L
 
¢
 L
2
P
 
¢
b
 L
2
 
©
 M 
0:
2
bP L
 R
 A
P
P
 
¢
1
2
b L
P
 
©
VERT
0:
©
 M 
 A
0:
 R
 B
P
 
¢
1
2
b L
(downward)
PPbbL AB R
 A
 R
 B
PbL/2 A R
 A
 M 
Problem 4.3-4
Calculate the shear force
and bending moment
 M 
at across section located 0.5 m from the fixed support of the cantilever beam
 AB
shown in the figure.
Solution 4.3-4
Cantileverbeam
 A B
1.5 kN/m4.0 kN1.0 m1.0 m2.0 m
Free-body diagram of segment
 DB
Point
 D
is 0.5m from support
 A
.
9.5
 
kN
m
2.0
 
kN
m
7.5
 
kN
m
 
(1.5
 
kN
  
m)(2.0
 
m)(2.5
 
m) 
©
 M 
 D
0:
 M 
(4.0
 
kN)(0.5
 
m) 
4.0
 
kN
3.0
 
kN
7.0
 
kN
4.0
 
kN
(1.5
 
kN
  
m)(2.0
 
m) 
©
VERT
0:
 A B
1.5 kN/m4.0 kN1.0 m1.0 m2.0 m
 D B
1.5 kN/m4.0 kN1.0 m
0.5 m
2.0 m
 M 
 
Problem 4.3-5
Determine the shear force
and bending moment
 M 
at a cross section located 16 ft from the left-hand end
 A
of the beamwith an overhang shown in the figure.
Solution 4.3-5
Beam with an overhang
SECTION 4.3Shear Forces and Bending Moments
261
 A B
400 lb/ft200 lb/ft6 ft6 ft10 ft10 ft
 M 
 B
0:
 R
 A
2460lb
 M 
 A
0:
 R
 B
2740lb
Free-body diagram of segment
 AD
Point
 D
is 16ft from support
 A
.
4640
 
lb-ft
(400
 
lb
  
ft)(10
 
ft)(11
 
ft) 
©
 M 
 D
0:
 M 
(2460
 
lb)(16
 
ft)
1540
 
lb 
2460
 
lb
(400
 
lb
  
ft)(10
 
ft) 
©
VERT
0:
 A B
400 lb/ft200 lb/ft6 ft6 ft10 ft10 ft
 R
 A
 R
 B
 A D
400 lb/ft6 ft10 ft
 R
 A
 M 
Problem 4.3-6
The beam
 ABC 
shown in the figure is simplysupported at
 A
and
 B
and has an overhang from
 B
to
. Theloads consist of a horizontal force
P
1
4.0 kN acting at theend of a vertical arm and a vertical force
P
2
8.0 kN acting atthe end of the overhang.Determine the shear force
and bending moment
 M 
ata cross section located 3.0 m from the left-hand support.(
 Note:
Disregard the widths of the beam and vertical arm anduse centerline dimensions when making calculations.)
Solution 4.3-6
Beam with vertical arm
4.0 m1.0 m
 B AP
2
= 8.0 kN
P
1
= 4.0 kN1.0 m4.0 m1.0 m
 B AP
2
= 8.0 kN
P
1
= 4.0 kN1.0 m
 R
 A
 R
 B
 M 
 B
0:
 R
 A
1.0kN (downward)
 M 
 A
0:
 R
 B
9.0kN (upward)
Free-body diagram of segment
 AD
Point
 D
is 3.0m from support
 A
.
7.0
 
kN
m
©
 M 
 D
0:
 M 
 R
 A
(3.0
 
m)
4.0
 
kN
m
 
©
VERT
0:
 R
A
1.0
 
kN
3.0 m
 AD R
 A
 M 
4.0
kN 
m

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