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04-01ChapGere

# 04-01ChapGere

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07/29/2013

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Shear Forces and Bending Moments
Problem 4.3-1
Calculate the shear force
and bending moment
M
at a cross section just to the left of the 1600-lb load acting on the simplebeam
AB
shown in the figure.
Solution 4.3-1
Simple beam
4
Shear Forces andBending Moments
259
AB
1600 lb800 lb120 in.30 in.60 in.30 in.
M
A
0:
R
B
1400lb
M
B
0:
R
A
1000lb
Free-body diagram of segment
DB
42,000

lb-in.
M
D
0:
M
(1400

lb)(30

in.)

200

lb
VERT
0:
1600

lb
1400

lb

AB
1600 lb800 lb30 in.60 in.30 in.
D R
A
R
B
B
1600 lb30 in.
D R
B
M
Problem 4.3-2
Determine the shear force
and bending moment
M
at the midpoint
of the simple beam
AB
shown in the figure.
Solution 4.3-2
Simple beam
A B
2.0 kN/m6.0 kN1.0 m1.0 m4.0 m2.0 m
A B
2.0 kN/m6.0 kN1.0 m1.0 m2.0 m
R
A
R
B
M
A
0:
R
B
4.5kN
M
B
0:
R
A
5.5kN
Free-body diagram of segment
AC
M
0:
M
5.0

kN
m
VERT
0:
0.5

kN
A
6.0 kN1.0 m1.0 m
R
A
M

Problem 4.3-3
Determine the shear force
and bending moment
M
atthe midpoint of the beam with overhangs (see figure). Note that one loadacts downward and the other upward.
Solution 4.3-3
Beam with overhangs
260
CHAPTER4Shear Forces and Bending Moments
PPbbL
P

¢
1
2
b L
(upward)
R
A
1
L
[
P
(
L
b
b
)]

M
B
0
Free-body diagram
(
is the midpoint
)
M
PL
2
Pb
Pb
PL
2
0
M
P

¢
1
2
b L

¢
L
2
P

¢
b
L
2

M
0:
2
bP L
R
A
P
P

¢
1
2
b L
P

VERT
0:
M
A
0:
R
B
P

¢
1
2
b L
(downward)
PPbbL AB R
A
R
B
PbL/2 A R
A
M
Problem 4.3-4
Calculate the shear force
and bending moment
M
at across section located 0.5 m from the fixed support of the cantilever beam
AB
shown in the figure.
Solution 4.3-4
Cantileverbeam
A B
1.5 kN/m4.0 kN1.0 m1.0 m2.0 m
Free-body diagram of segment
DB
Point
D
is 0.5m from support
A
.
9.5

kN
m
2.0

kN
m
7.5

kN
m

(1.5

kN

m)(2.0

m)(2.5

m)
M
D
0:
M
(4.0

kN)(0.5

m)
4.0

kN
3.0

kN
7.0

kN
4.0

kN
(1.5

kN

m)(2.0

m)
VERT
0:
A B
1.5 kN/m4.0 kN1.0 m1.0 m2.0 m
D B
1.5 kN/m4.0 kN1.0 m
0.5 m
2.0 m
M

Problem 4.3-5
Determine the shear force
and bending moment
M
at a cross section located 16 ft from the left-hand end
A
of the beamwith an overhang shown in the figure.
Solution 4.3-5
Beam with an overhang
SECTION 4.3Shear Forces and Bending Moments
261
A B
400 lb/ft200 lb/ft6 ft6 ft10 ft10 ft
M
B
0:
R
A
2460lb
M
A
0:
R
B
2740lb
Free-body diagram of segment
Point
D
is 16ft from support
A
.
4640

lb-ft
(400

lb

ft)(10

ft)(11

ft)
M
D
0:
M
(2460

lb)(16

ft)
1540

lb
2460

lb
(400

lb

ft)(10

ft)
VERT
0:
A B
400 lb/ft200 lb/ft6 ft6 ft10 ft10 ft
R
A
R
B
A D
400 lb/ft6 ft10 ft
R
A
M
Problem 4.3-6
The beam
ABC
shown in the figure is simplysupported at
A
and
B
and has an overhang from
B
to
. Theloads consist of a horizontal force
P
1
4.0 kN acting at theend of a vertical arm and a vertical force
P
2
8.0 kN acting atthe end of the overhang.Determine the shear force
and bending moment
M
ata cross section located 3.0 m from the left-hand support.(
Note:
Disregard the widths of the beam and vertical arm anduse centerline dimensions when making calculations.)
Solution 4.3-6
Beam with vertical arm
4.0 m1.0 m
B AP
2
= 8.0 kN
P
1
= 4.0 kN1.0 m4.0 m1.0 m
B AP
2
= 8.0 kN
P
1
= 4.0 kN1.0 m
R
A
R
B
M
B
0:
R
A
1.0kN (downward)
M
A
0:
R
B
9.0kN (upward)
Free-body diagram of segment
Point
D
is 3.0m from support
A
.
7.0

kN
m
M
D
0:
M
R
A
(3.0

m)
4.0

kN
m

VERT
0:
R
A
1.0

kN
3.0 m
A
M
4.0
kN
m