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Akbar Birbal Stories

Akbar Birbal Stories

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Published by: sanaatansanskriti on Aug 31, 2010
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 STORIES OF AKBAR AND BIRBAL-EDITED BY:-Khagendra Bhurtel—mail--- bhurtelkhagendra@rediffmail.com
History of Birbal
Birbal was an advisor in the court of Akbar and is very popular for his sharp intellect and sense of humor. The stories of Birbal are very popular among kids and adults alike and form an indispensable part in Indian folk lore.Birbal (1528-1583) is surely one of the most popular figures in Indian history equally regarded by adults and children. Birbal's duties in Akbar's court were mostly administrative and military but he was a very close friend of Akbar too, because Akbar loved his wisdom, wit, and subtle humor. He was a minister in the administration of Mogul Emperor Akbar and one of the members of inner council of nine advisors. He wasa poet and an author too.It is believed that he was a son of poor Brahman of Trivikrampur (now known asTikavanpur) on the banks of River Yamuna. According to a popular legend he died onan expedition to Afghanistan at the head of a large military force due to treachery. It isalso said that when Birbal died, Akbar mourned him for several months.The exchanges between Akbar and Birbal have been recorded in many volumes. Many of these have become folk stories in Indian tradition. Birbal's collection of poetry  published under the pen name "Brahm" are preserved in Bharatpur Museum, Rajasthan,India.When one hears of Birbal the next name that comes to mind is Akbar. The two werevery close and had a great rapport and friendship between them. Birbal was also knownas Raja Birbal and amusingly both were titles conferred to him and were not his real name.Birbal's real name was Maheshdas Bhatt and he was born in the city of Trivikrampur or Tiwkapur in 1528 to Brahmin couple Gangadas and Anabhadevi. His grandfather Rupdhar was a great Sanskrit scholar and resided in Patrapunj. Maheshdas was thethird child and at a very young age lost his father Gangadas. His mother sent him to her father Rupdhar at Patrapunj.Maheshdas's grandfather Rupdhar started his education at age of 5 and taught himSanskrit, Hindi and Persian (the state language). Then according to the family traditionhe learned music and poetry. Soon he was writing his own poems and setting them totunes and singing them in his sweet voice. He became famous as the poet-musician-singer. He also had a great wit and humor. His witty conversation made a mark onanyone he met.Kings in those days were great patronizes of art. They gave royal positions to writers, poets, musicians, sculptors and other artists. When Bhagawandas, the king of Jaipur heard about Maheshdas, he invited him with great honor. Maheshdas sang his own
 
 STORIES OF AKBAR AND BIRBAL-EDITED BY:-Khagendra Bhurtel—mail--- bhurtelkhagendra@rediffmail.com
composition in the court. He was writing under the pseudonym “Brahmakavi”. Soon hisreal name was forgotten.From the court of Jaipur, Maheshdas went to the court of Raja Ram Chandra of Rewa.Raja Ram Chandra was great lover of art and Maheshdas and the famous singeTansen were amongst his courtiers. Because of his accomplishments Maheshdas wasable to marry a girl from a well known family in Kalinjar. By marriage, he was financially settled.The fame of Maheshdas and Tansen reached the ears of Akbar and he invited the twoto his court. They soon became part of the nine gems at the court of Akbar.So Maheshdas became Brahmakavi but how did he become Birbal? Maheshdas was not only an accomplished musician but was an expert at the art of warfare which was proven by taking part in the expedition of Sultanpur at Punjab.Emperor was so pleased that he conferred him with the title Veervar and the Jagir of Nagarkoth. Emperor Akbar was very fond of bestowing titles based on Hindu cultural system, history and mythology like Kaviraj, Mahapatra or Jagatguru. The title Birbar or Birbal conferred on Maheshdas became so popular that it replaced his real name. Hehimself preferred this name used it sometimes in his verses. Akbar is said to haveborrowed this name from 'Vetal Panchvishanti' or the 'betal pachisi' the twenty five talesof Vikram and Vetal. In the third story a man named Veervar offers his services to theking and fully earns the high pay allowance by showing extraordinary proof of his loyalty and devotion. The title Veervar was transformed into Birbal on the basis of Sanskrit rulesaccording to which when two r sounds occur in close proximity the later is pronounced as L.Birbal entered the court of Akbar in 1556 and worked with him for 30 years. Birbal roseto a very high position in the court with his wit, wisdom and humorous nature. Hebecame one of the closest and trusted ministers of Akbar. Because pof his enviable positions many legends surround him. It is wise to enjoy the wit, humor and wisdomcontained in them instead of validating the truthfulness of them.Birbal's participation in many important expeditions proves he was a rare combination of a man with a pen and the sword. Akbar took him on expeditions to Bengal, Bihar and Orissa. Because of his high position and influence with the emperor, he was envied by many and had many enemies amongst the courtiers. One of them was Zain Khan.The northwest frontier of India was always of security concern to all the rulers of India.The Yusufzai and Mandar Afgan tribes living on the border, with their restless ways and abhorrence for any authority, led constant marauding attacks. Akbar had sent ZainKhjan to deal with the frontier problem. The Yusufzais pretended defeat and then cameback with renewed fight. The Emperor then sent Shaikh Farid, Shaikh Faizi, and Sher Khwaja Fataullah with more reinforcements to no avail. The tribes had the home ground advantage in a huge area 40 miles by 60 miles. At last, Akbar sent Birbal to help Zain Khan who misled him to enter a narrow pass at night. The Afghans were well prepared and were ready on the hills. They were trapped in the narrow alley. Many men lost their way or were killed on the holes and the caverns.It was a terrible defeat called in the history as the Yusufzai disaster, in which Birbal,
 
 STORIES OF AKBAR AND BIRBAL-EDITED BY:-Khagendra Bhurtel—mail--- bhurtelkhagendra@rediffmail.com
along with his entire army perished. Birbal fought with bravery and lost his life in theservice of Akbar on 16 Feb 1583.When Akbar heard the death of his dear friend he was profoundly shocked and did not eat food or water nor attended his court for two full days. It is very notable that this wasone of the only 5 times that Akbar did not attend his royal court during his reign. Akabar's genuine love and friendship for Birbal is attested by two incidents. Akbar wasvery fond of chowgan (modern day polo). During one such game, Birbal fell off his horseand was knocked unconscious. Akbar got down from his own horse and personally brought Birbal back to consciousness. Another time, when Akbar was watching the fight between two wild elephants, one of theelephants went to attack a servant standing nearby. Halfway, the elephant changed hismind and ran after Birbal. He was about to strike Birbal when Akbar with the intention of saving his friend brought his own horse between the elephant and Birbal. The spectatorswere aghast and a cry went into the air. The elephant stood still overcome by themajestic courage. Akbar's uncommon venture was a great feat and there could be nogreater test of his sincerity, love and friendship for Birbal.
Shown below is a list of Birbal's Stories:1. Akbar’s Meeting with Birbal
 Akbar loved hunting and used to escape to go for hunting even fromhis studies. Well, later he became a better rider and hunter than any one of his courtiers. One day when Akbar went for hunting, he and hissome of the courtiers went so fast that they left the others behind. Asthe evening fell, everybody got very hungry and thirsty, they foundthat they had lost their way and now did not know where to go. At last they came to a junction of three roads. King was very happy tosee the roads that now he could go reach his capital through one of these roads, but which road was to go to his capital - Agra. They wereall thinking about it and could not decide it. In the mean time they saw a young boy coming along one road. The boy was summoned and Akbar asked him, "Hey young boy! Which road goes to Agra?" The

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