STUDY ABOUT HIGH VOLTAGE SUBSTATIONS.
Sem Electrical Engg. Page 3
Fig-2 Simple schematic of sub-station lay-out
important points w
pt in vi
laying out a substation :-
It should be located at a proper site. As far as possible, it should be located at thecenter of gravity of load.2.
It should provide safe and reliable arrangement. For safety, consideration must begiven to the maintenance of regulation clearances, facilities, for carrying out repairs andmaintenance, abnormal occurrences of regulation such as possibility of explosion or fireetc.3.
It should be easily operated and maintained.4.
It should involve minimum capital cost.
1.2 classification of Substation:-
There are several ways of classifying substations. However, the two most important ways of classifying them are according to (1) service requirement, (2) constructionalfuture.
According to service requirement: -
A substation may be called upon tochange voltage level or improve power factor or convert a.c. power into d.c. poweretc. According to the service requirement, substation may be classified into:-